Although best known for his direction of lighter fare such as Grease, the highest-grossing movie musical to date, Randal Kleiser (b. 1946) made his most significant contribution to gay cinema with the 1996 AIDS-themed It's My Party.
|Lesbian and Bisexual Female Film Directors|
|Lesbian and female bisexual Directors have had an important and continuing impact on both Documentary and dramatic Film. Several have helped combat lesbian invisibility and empower women by raising lesbian and feminist issues in their work.|
|Chantal Akerman (b. 1950) is an innovative Belgian filmmaker who creates films that are at once experimental and personal and that often feature lesbian content.|
|Dorothy Arzner (1900-1979) was the only woman director in 1930s and 1940s Hollywood. She made films that convey the varieties of women's experiences and desires and the tenacity of women's relationships with other women.|
|Amanda Bearse (b. 1958) is one of the first primetime television actors to come out publicly as a gay person. She has developed a second career as a film and television director and has become an outspoken advocate of gay visibility.|
|Lizzie Borden (b. 1958) brings a feminist perspective and a dynamic authenticity to her films about the unexplored politics of women's lives.|
|Lisa Cholodenko (b. 1964) is an acclaimed lesbian filmmaker who has so far written and directed three feature films, whose "narrative motor," as Dennis Lim noted in the New York Times, is "sexual attraction."|
|Donna Deitch (b. 1945) is well-known for Desert Hearts, a pioneering classic of lesbian cinema. She is also a successful film and television director who has made several other films that probe gay and lesbian relationships.|
|Lynne Fernie (b. 1946) has had a varied career in the arts, but is best known as the co-director of the celebrated 1992 documentary Forbidden Love: The Unashamed Stories of Lesbian Lives.|
|Film Festivals by and for glbtq people have paralleled the growth of the modern gay rights movement since the 1970s. The diverse collection of glbtq film festivals, now recognized as the queer film festival circuit, came into its own in the early 1990s. Many of these feature the work of lesbian and bisexual filmmakers.|
|Jodie Foster (b. 1962), who is best known as one of the most accomplished film actresses of her generation, is also an acclaimed director and producer. She has been a glbtq icon for decades, though only recently has she acknowledged her lesbianism.|
|Sara Gilbert (b. 1975), who became a favorite with lesbian audiences for her portrayal of tomboy Darlene on the long-running television series "Roseanne," came out publicly as a lesbian in 2004. While best known as an actress, Gilbert is also a director, producer, and talk show host.|
|Barbara Hammer (b. 1939) is the most prolific lesbian feminist filmmaker in history. Her films have carefully considered political and theoretical underpinnings and are among the most thoughtful and unabashed celebrations of queer life in cinema.|
|New Queer Cinema describes a group of aggressively queer films that first appeared at Sundance Film Festivals in the early 1990s. The term has come to be used indiscriminately to denote independent films with gay and lesbian content. Lesbian, bisexual, and gay male directors have all contributed to New Queer Cinema in both its narrow and broad senses.|
|Ulrike Ottinger (b. 1942) is an avant-garde German filmmaker who creates both fictional fantasy worlds that shatter traditional gender constructions and documentaries that examine marginalized peoples.|
|Patricia Rozema (b. 1958) is a Canadian filmmaker known for imbuing her films with feminist analysis and sensual cinematography.|
|Monika Treut (b. 1954) is a German filmmaker who consistently explores challenging and controversial issues surrounding minority sexual and gender identities.|
|Rose Troche (b. 1964) has helped to make lesbians more visible onscreen, not as women tortured by their sexuality, but as individuals for whom female homosexuality is comfortable and, indeed, normal.|
|Andrea Weiss (b. 1956) is an award-winning writer and documentary filmmaker who has produced innovative work that embodies her commitment both to art and to political action.|
|Alice Wu (b. 1970) broke ground with her first feature-length motion picture, Saving Face (2004), a multi-generational portrait of Chinese-American women who transgress traditional sexual taboos.|
TALL, HEAVY, WITTY, GAY BRITISH ACTOR, 1957
HOMOSEXUAL BAVARIAN KING AND PATRON OF RICHARD WAGNER, 1845
ACCLAIMED AMERICAN COMPOSER, CONDUCTOR, PIANIST, AND LECTURER WHOSE IMAGE WAS THREATENED BY THE SPECTER OF THE CLOSET, 1918
HISTORIAN, WRITER, AND MEMBER OF THE ACADÉMIE FRANÇAISE, 1929
TALENTED HEAVY METAL VOCALIST, 1951
ANGLO-AMERICAN NOVELIST AND PIONEER IN THE GAY LIBERATION MOVEMENT, 1904
PHOTOGRAPHER AND ACTIVIST, 1923
VERSATILE STAGE, MOVIE, AND TELEVISION ACTOR, 1952
ONE OF THE MOST SIGNIFICANT LATIN AMERICAN PAINTERS OF THE SECOND HALF OF THE TWENTIETH CENTURY, 1943
AUTHOR WHO EXPLORES LESBIAN AND GENDER ISSUES IN HER PRIZE-WINNING NOVELS, 1959
FASHION DESIGNER SOMETIMES HERALDED AS THE SAVIOUR OF MEN'S FASHION, 1961
THE FIRST MODERN THEORIST OF HOMOSEXUALITY AND THE FIRST HOMOSEXUAL TO COME OUT PUBLICLY, 1825
CHARACTER ACTRESS CLOSETED THROUGHOUT HER CAREER, 1921
AUTHOR AND ACTIVIST FOR GLBTQ AND AFRICAN-AMERICAN RIGHTS, 1965
AN EARLY CHAMPION OF WOMEN'S AND HOMOSEXUAL LIBERATION, 1844
MAJOR GAY POET AND A PERCEPTIVE CRITIC OF GAY POETRY, 1929
CHOREOGRAPHER WHO MIXES MANY DIFFERENT MUSICAL AND CULTURAL ELEMENTS, 1956
SINGER, SONGWRITER, AND BASSIST, 1968
ARTIST WHO PRESENTS AN EVOCATIVE WORLD DOMINATED BY WOMEN, 1908
WRITER WHOSE NOVELS INCLUDE EMBLEMATIC LESBIAN CHARACTERS, 1936
This feature lists people about whom glbtq.com has both entries and complete birth dates. Each person listed has made a significant contribution to or had a significant impact on glbtq culture or history. Most are gay, lesbian, bisexual, or transgender, though some are either heterosexual or cannot be adequately characterized using any of these labels.
Mary Bonauto, who has been described as the Thurgood Marshall of the marriage equality movement and has served as the civil rights project director at Gay & Lesbian Advocates & Defenders (GLAD) for more than two decades, will join the legal team challenging Utah's ban on same-sex marriage. Regarded as among the country's best litigators in the cause of marriage equality, Bonauto and GLAD's legal director Gary Buseck will join the team seeking a definitive ruling on the question of marriage equality from the Supreme Court of the United States in the case of Kitchen v. Herbert.
On August 26, 2014, a three judge panel of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit heard arguments in the Indiana and Wisconsin marriage equality cases. The panel, consisting of Judges Richard Posner, Ann Claire Williams, and David Hamilton, openly expressed skepticism concerning the justifications for the states' bans on same-sex marriage proffered by the defendants. There is little question that the panel will unanimously uphold the district court decisions that struck down the same-sex marriage bans as unconstitutional.
On August 20, 2014, the Minnesota Human Rights Department announced a settlement agreement between a same-sex couple and LeBlanc's Rice Creek Hunting Lodge in Little Falls, Minnesota. The owners of the lodge had refused the couple's request to hold their wedding ceremony and reception at the venue. The settlement requires the Hunting Lodge to pay the costs associated with the couple's wedding and reception. In addition, the venue's owners have apologized to the couple and have agreed to comply with the Minnesota Human Rights Act in their future business dealings.
On August 21, 2014, U.S. District Judge Robert L. Hinkle ruled, in a decision concerning two consolidated cases, Brenner v. Scott and Grimsley v. Scott, that Florida's ban on same-sex marriages and on the recognition of same-sex marriages performed elsewhere is unconstitutional. Three state judges had previously declared that Florida's ban is unconstitutional, but their rulings applied only to the counties from which they arose. Judge Hinkle's ruling applies state-wide. However, as has become customary, he stayed the ruling with an exception for a widow who had petitioned that her late wife's death certificate be corrected to list her as the surviving spouse.
On August 20, 2014, only hours before state officials were to begin issuing marriage licenses to same-sex couples, the Supreme Court of the United States granted a motion to stay the Fourth Circuit Court of Appeals decision in Bostic v. Schaefer, thus halting the dawn of marriage equality in the state. The terse order from the Supreme Court overruled the Fourth Circuit's refusal on August 13 to stay its decision issued on July 28, 2014.
On August 19, 2014, U.S. District Judge Richard L. Young again struck down Indiana's marriage laws, this time in Bowling v. Pence, a case involving a same-sex couple who married in Iowa in 2011 but whose marriage Indiana has refused to recognize. In addition, Judge Young severely criticized Indiana Governor Mike Pence for lying to the court. He characterized the governor's "bold misrepresentations" as "at a minimum, troubling."
Congratulations to Jordan Windle on winning the U.S. Men's Ten-meter Diving Championship. The 15-year-old convincingly won the title on August 17, 2014 after having won four gold medals and one silver at the junior national championships earlier in the month. In 2012, Windle became the youngest American diver to qualify for the Olympic Trials and, undoubtedly, the youngest Grand Marshal of a Gay Pride Parade, when he and his two dads served as Grand Marshals of the Circle City Indiana Pride Parade, an annual festival celebrating Central Indiana's glbtq community.
On August 13, 2014, Arizona State offensive lineman Edward "Chip" Sarafin became the first active Division I college football player to come out as gay. In an interview with Joshua Wyrick in Compete, a Phoenix-based gay sports magazine, the fifth-year senior revealed that he began telling teammates of his sexual orientation last spring. The 6-foot-6, 320-pound lineman from Gilbert, Arizona graduated with a degree in biomedical engineering last spring and is currently pursuing a master's degree in the field. He plans to attend medical school to study neurology.
On August 13, 2014, the United States Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit denied a request to stay its July 28 decision invalidating Virginia's ban on same-sex marriage. Barring an intervention by the Supreme Court of the United States, same-sex couples may marry in Virginia beginning on August 20, 2014.
Gay Games 9 kicked off on August 9, 2014 at Cleveland's Quicken Field with an impressive Opening Ceremony and a videotaped message from President Obama. Featuring performers such as Lance Bass and the Pointer Sisters, as well as chorale groups, dancers, and a marching band, the Opening Ceremony marked the beginning of a week-long celebration and competition that will feature more than 9,000 participants and more than 20,000 spectators.