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Michael Cashman Michael Cashman
Former actor Michael Cashman (b. 1950) has been the Labour Party representative of the West Midlands Constituency for the European Parliament since 1999. An active defender of human rights, he has worked diligently to end discrimination based on sexual orientation and gender identity.
 
 
Spotlight Christian Denominations
 
  While Christian denominations such as the Metropolitan Community Church and the Unitarian Universalists welcome full participation by glbtq members and clergy, others are divided over glbtq issues, and some stand out for their homophobia.  
 
 
  V. Gene Robinson Churches of the Anglican Communion include the Episcopal Church and the Church of England. The consecration of Reverend V. Gene Robinson, an openly gay man, as a bishop in the United States in 2003 brought tensions within the worldwide communion into sharp focus.  
 
 
  Apostolic Pentecostals Apostolic Pentecostals are a group of denominations within Pentecostalism; although most of these denominations condemn homosexuality, there recently have emerged affirming denominations that do not regard homosexuality as sinful.  
 
 
  The Bible The Bible is the foundational text of Christianity. Perhaps no other book has been more influential--for better or worse--in determining the construction of gay and lesbian identity in the modern world, as well as social attitudes toward homosexuality.  
 
 
  Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints The socially and politically conservative Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (Mormons) has long been antagonistic to the rights of gay, lesbian, bisexual, and transgendered people.  
 
 
  Evagelical Christianity The core of Evangelical Christianity is its emphasis on convincing non-Christians to join the Christian faith. Evangelicalism is closely related to fundamentalism and tends to be both socially conservative and hostile to glbtq people and sensibilities.  
 
 
  Gay and Lesbian Churches and Synagogues Spurred by the gay liberation movement of the late 1960s, a number of religious groups--including specifically Gay and Lesbian Churches and Synagogues--have been formed to address the needs of gay and lesbian believers.  
 
 
  Lutheranism Lutheranism is riven into numerous denominations, which vary widely in their attitudes toward homosexuality and in their acceptance of gay men and lesbians as full participants in church life.  
 
 
  Metropolitan Community Church The Metropolitan Community Church was founded by Rev. Troy D. Perry in 1968 to minister to the glbtq community. Today, the denomination has more than 40,000 members in 300 churches in 18 countries.  
 
 
  Presbyterianism Attitudes toward homosexuality within Presbyterianism vary greatly from denomination to denomination, though there has recently been movement toward acceptance and inclusion by the largest and most influential church bodies of Presbyterianism.  
 
 
  Quakers The Christian group known as the Quakers is officially known as The Society of Friends. The Society of Friends, especially its conservative branch, has been a leader among Christian religious denominations in accepting homosexuality and gay and lesbian identity.  
 
 
  Roman Catholicism The Roman Catholic Church is the largest Christian denomination in the Western world. It may be the institution most responsible for the suffering of individuals involved in same-sex sexual relationships.  
 
 
  Salvation Army The Salvation Army is an Evangelical Christian sect founded in the nineteenth century, which has recently become an arm of right-wing conservatism. During the late 1990s, the sect campaigned in favor of sodomy laws and against glbtq rights.  
 
 
  Southern Baptists The Southern Baptists have become the most intolerant of the major American religious denominations, especially (but not exclusively) for their opposition to equal rights for gay men and lesbians.  
 
 
  Unitarian Universalist Church The Unitarian Universalist church in the United States has been outspoken in support of human rights--including, since 1970, those of the glbtq community. Though many of its members do not describe themselves as Christian, the church has Protestant historical roots.  
 
 
  United Church of Canada The United Church of Canada has been instrumental in the increased acceptance of glbtq rights, including Same-Sex Marriage, in Canada.  
 
 
  United Church of Christ The United Church of Christ has attempted to make its churches a "place of extravagant welcome" for glbtq people.  
 
 
notable birthdays this week
August 31
 
Derek Gruen (Del Marquis)
LEAD GUITARIST FOR THE BAND SCISSOR SISTERS, 1977
 
September 1
 
Emma Stebbins Emma Stebbins
AMERICAN SCULPTOR WHO WENT TO ROME TO LEARN TO WORK IN MARBLE, 1815
Roger Casement Roger Casement
HOMOSEXUAL IRISH PATRIOT WHO WAS EXECUTED BY THE BRITISH, 1864
 
Lily Tomlin Lily Tomlin
COMEDIENNE KNOWN FOR THE MANY PERSONAGES SHE BECOMES DURING PERFORMANCES, 1939
Scott Hoffman (Babydaddy)
COMPOSER AND INSTRUMENTALIST FOR THE BAND SCISSOR SISTERS, 1976
 
September 2
 
Anne Whitney Anne Whitney
POLITICALLY ACTIVE SCULPTOR WHO CHOSE ABOLITIONISTS, FEMINISTS, AND BLACKS AS HER SUBJECTS, 1821
Ferdinand Karsch-Haack
CONTRIBUTOR TO GERMANY'S HOMOSEXUAL EMANCIPATION MOVEMENT, 1853
 
Evelyn Hooker
PSYCHOLOGIST WHOSE RESEARCH CHALLENGED THE "SICKNESS" MODEL OF HOMOSEXUALITY, 1907
 
September 3
 
Sarah Orne Jewett Sarah Orne Jewett
A MAJOR FIGURE IN THE LITERATURE OF FEMALE ROMANTIC FRIENDSHIP, 1849
Alain Locke
EDUCATOR, AUTHOR, AND MENTOR TO GAY AND BISEXUAL ARTISTS OF THE HARLEM RENAISSANCE, 1885
 
Miguel Marquez
TELEVISION NEWS CORRESPONDENT, 1967
 
September 4
 
Lyle Chambers Saxon
NEW ORLEANS' MOST POPULAR EARLY TWENTIETH CENTURY WRITER, 1891
Mary Renault
WRITER WHOSE NOVELS ADDRESS LESBIANISM AND MALE HOMOSEXUALITY VERY DIFFERENTLY, 1905
 
September 5
 
John Cage
INFLUENTIAL AND CONTROVERSIAL 20TH-CENTURY AMERICAN COMPOSER, 1912
Freddie Mercury Freddie Mercury
THE FRONT MAN FOR THE ROCK GROUP QUEEN FOR TWO DECADES, 1946
 
September 6
 
Jane Addams Jane Addams
NOBEL PRIZE WINNING REFORMER, SOCIAL WORKER, AND PEACE ACTIVIST, 1860
Richard Barr
VISIONARY AMERICAN THEATRICAL PRODUCER, 1917
 
Patrick Seacor (Paddy Boom)
DRUMMER FOR THE BAND SCISSOR SISTERS, 1968
 
About Notable Birthdays
This feature lists people about whom glbtq.com has both entries and complete birth dates. Each person listed has made a significant contribution to or had a significant impact on glbtq culture or history. Most are gay, lesbian, bisexual, or transgender, though some are either heterosexual or cannot be adequately characterized using any of these labels.
 
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Since Mexico City's Federal District legislature passed a bill permitting same-sex marriage in December 2009, most of Mexico's steady march to marriage equality has been propelled by court rulings. However, on September 1, 2014, the legislature of the state of Coahuila overwhelmingly voted to legalize same-sex marriage.

Frank Bernard and Gloria Allred.

On August 28, 2014, a California man filed a discrimination lawsuit against the Michigan-based parent company of pizza giant Little Caesars over the denial of health benefits to his husband. The suit, which was filed by attorney Gloria Allred on behalf of Frank Bernard in Superior Court in Orange County, California, where Little Caesars' regional headquarters is located, names Little Caesar Enterprises of Detroit and Ilitch Holdings as defendants, and seeks, in addition to damages and costs, a change in the pizza chain's benefits policy that denies health insurance to the spouses of gay employees. The suit is significant because it raises the question of whether a closely held company located in one state can evade the laws of other states in which it operates.

Mary Bonauto, who has been described as the Thurgood Marshall of the marriage equality movement and has served as the civil rights project director at Gay & Lesbian Advocates & Defenders (GLAD) for more than two decades, will join the legal team challenging Utah's ban on same-sex marriage. Regarded as among the country's best litigators in the cause of marriage equality, Bonauto and GLAD's legal director Gary Buseck will join the team seeking a definitive ruling on the question of marriage equality from the Supreme Court of the United States in the case of Kitchen v. Herbert.

On August 26, 2014, a three judge panel of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit heard arguments in the Indiana and Wisconsin marriage equality cases. The panel, consisting of Judges Richard Posner, Ann Claire Williams, and David Hamilton, openly expressed skepticism concerning the justifications for the states' bans on same-sex marriage proffered by the defendants. There is little question that the panel will unanimously uphold the district court decisions that struck down the same-sex marriage bans as unconstitutional.

Adam Block (left) and Colin Frey.

On August 20, 2014, the Minnesota Human Rights Department announced a settlement agreement between a same-sex couple and LeBlanc's Rice Creek Hunting Lodge in Little Falls, Minnesota. The owners of the lodge had refused the couple's request to hold their wedding ceremony and reception at the venue. The settlement requires the Hunting Lodge to pay the costs associated with the couple's wedding and reception. In addition, the venue's owners have apologized to the couple and have agreed to comply with the Minnesota Human Rights Act in their future business dealings.

On August 21, 2014, U.S. District Judge Robert L. Hinkle ruled, in a decision concerning two consolidated cases, Brenner v. Scott and Grimsley v. Scott, that Florida's ban on same-sex marriages and on the recognition of same-sex marriages performed elsewhere is unconstitutional. Three state judges had previously declared that Florida's ban is unconstitutional, but their rulings applied only to the counties from which they arose. Judge Hinkle's ruling applies state-wide. However, as has become customary, he stayed the ruling with an exception for a widow who had petitioned that her late wife's death certificate be corrected to list her as the surviving spouse.

On August 20, 2014, only hours before state officials were to begin issuing marriage licenses to same-sex couples, the Supreme Court of the United States granted a motion to stay the Fourth Circuit Court of Appeals decision in Bostic v. Schaefer, thus halting the dawn of marriage equality in the state. The terse order from the Supreme Court overruled the Fourth Circuit's refusal on August 13 to stay its decision issued on July 28, 2014.

On August 19, 2014, U.S. District Judge Richard L. Young again struck down Indiana's marriage laws, this time in Bowling v. Pence, a case involving a same-sex couple who married in Iowa in 2011 but whose marriage Indiana has refused to recognize. In addition, Judge Young severely criticized Indiana Governor Mike Pence for lying to the court. He characterized the governor's "bold misrepresentations" as "at a minimum, troubling."

Congratulations to Jordan Windle on winning the U.S. Men's Ten-meter Diving Championship. The 15-year-old convincingly won the title on August 17, 2014 after having won four gold medals and one silver at the junior national championships earlier in the month. In 2012, Windle became the youngest American diver to qualify for the Olympic Trials and, undoubtedly, the youngest Grand Marshal of a Gay Pride Parade, when he and his two dads served as Grand Marshals of the Circle City Indiana Pride Parade, an annual festival celebrating Central Indiana's glbtq community.

YouTube still.

On August 13, 2014, Arizona State offensive lineman Edward "Chip" Sarafin became the first active Division I college football player to come out as gay. In an interview with Joshua Wyrick in Compete, a Phoenix-based gay sports magazine, the fifth-year senior revealed that he began telling teammates of his sexual orientation last spring. The 6-foot-6, 320-pound lineman from Gilbert, Arizona graduated with a degree in biomedical engineering last spring and is currently pursuing a master's degree in the field. He plans to attend medical school to study neurology.

 
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