Former actor Michael Cashman (b. 1950) has been the Labour Party representative of the West Midlands Constituency for the European Parliament since 1999. An active defender of human rights, he has worked diligently to end discrimination based on sexual orientation and gender identity.
|While Christian denominations such as the Metropolitan Community Church and the Unitarian Universalists welcome full participation by glbtq members and clergy, others are divided over glbtq issues, and some stand out for their homophobia.|
|Churches of the Anglican Communion include the Episcopal Church and the Church of England. The consecration of Reverend V. Gene Robinson, an openly gay man, as a bishop in the United States in 2003 brought tensions within the worldwide communion into sharp focus.|
|Apostolic Pentecostals are a group of denominations within Pentecostalism; although most of these denominations condemn homosexuality, there recently have emerged affirming denominations that do not regard homosexuality as sinful.|
|The Bible is the foundational text of Christianity. Perhaps no other book has been more influential--for better or worse--in determining the construction of gay and lesbian identity in the modern world, as well as social attitudes toward homosexuality.|
|The socially and politically conservative Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (Mormons) has long been antagonistic to the rights of gay, lesbian, bisexual, and transgendered people.|
|The core of Evangelical Christianity is its emphasis on convincing non-Christians to join the Christian faith. Evangelicalism is closely related to fundamentalism and tends to be both socially conservative and hostile to glbtq people and sensibilities.|
|Spurred by the gay liberation movement of the late 1960s, a number of religious groups--including specifically Gay and Lesbian Churches and Synagogues--have been formed to address the needs of gay and lesbian believers.|
|Lutheranism is riven into numerous denominations, which vary widely in their attitudes toward homosexuality and in their acceptance of gay men and lesbians as full participants in church life.|
|The Metropolitan Community Church was founded by Rev. Troy D. Perry in 1968 to minister to the glbtq community. Today, the denomination has more than 40,000 members in 300 churches in 18 countries.|
|Attitudes toward homosexuality within Presbyterianism vary greatly from denomination to denomination, though there has recently been movement toward acceptance and inclusion by the largest and most influential church bodies of Presbyterianism.|
|The Christian group known as the Quakers is officially known as The Society of Friends. The Society of Friends, especially its conservative branch, has been a leader among Christian religious denominations in accepting homosexuality and gay and lesbian identity.|
|The Roman Catholic Church is the largest Christian denomination in the Western world. It may be the institution most responsible for the suffering of individuals involved in same-sex sexual relationships.|
|The Salvation Army is an Evangelical Christian sect founded in the nineteenth century, which has recently become an arm of right-wing conservatism. During the late 1990s, the sect campaigned in favor of sodomy laws and against glbtq rights.|
|The Southern Baptists have become the most intolerant of the major American religious denominations, especially (but not exclusively) for their opposition to equal rights for gay men and lesbians.|
|The Unitarian Universalist church in the United States has been outspoken in support of human rights--including, since 1970, those of the glbtq community. Though many of its members do not describe themselves as Christian, the church has Protestant historical roots.|
|The United Church of Canada has been instrumental in the increased acceptance of glbtq rights, including Same-Sex Marriage, in Canada.|
|The United Church of Christ has attempted to make its churches a "place of extravagant welcome" for glbtq people.|
DRAMA CRITIC, PLAYWRIGHT, AND PROFESSOR WHO TAUGHT ONE OF THE FIRST COLLEGE COURSES DEALING WITH HOMOSEXUALITY, 1916
PIONEER GAY RIGHTS ACTIVIST IN CANADA, 1921
BISEXUAL FEMINIST LITERARY AND SOCIAL CRITIC, 1934
THE FIRST AMERICAN GAY ARTIST TO RESPOND TO AIDS WITH MORAL OUTRAGE, 1954
TELEVISION WRITER, DIRECTOR, AND PRODUCER, 1954
IMPORTANT ITALIAN AUTHOR WHOSE HOMOSEXUALITY HAS OFTEN BEEN IGNORED, 1955
POET, NOVELIST, AND ESSAYIST, 1889
AMERICAN NOVELIST WHO RECORDED LESBIAN LIFE WHEN FEW OTHERS HAD THE COURAGE TO DO SO, 1932
ONE OF THE EARLIEST GAY PHOTOGRAPHERS OF THE MALE NUDE, 1856
PERHAPS THE GREATEST TEACHER OF MUSIC IN THE 20TH CENTURY, 1887
AUTHOR OF AWARD-WINNING MYSTERY NOVELS WITH GAY THEMES, 1954
AMERICAN COMPOSER KNOWN FOR HIS SUBTLE, INNOVATIVE STYLE, 1884
THE CHOREOGRAPHER WHO MOST FULLY DEFINED BRITISH BALLET IN THE 20th-CENTURY, 1904
SUCCESSFUL MOVIE STAR BOTH AS A CHILD AND AS AN ADULT, 1928
NEW YORK CITY ACTIVIST, 1950
LEADING AMERICAN DIRECTOR AND PRODUCER OF FILM AND TELEVISION, 1965
INTERIOR DESIGNER AND TELEVISION TALK SHOW HOST, 1971
ECCENTRIC BRITISH BARON AND DILLETANTE, 1883
ACTRESS BEST KNOWN FOR HER MYSTERY AND ANDROGYNOUS PERSONA, 1905
AUTHOR OF BOOKS THAT PREPARED THE WAY FOR GAY LIBERATION WHO LATER ATTACKED THE MOVEMENT, 1913
FASHION AND CELEBRITY PHOTOGRAPHER WHOSE SUBJECTS INCLUDE MANY GAY ICONS, 1928
FRENCH KING WHO WAS WIDELY ACCUSED OF SODOMY, 1551
BOOK ILLUSTRATOR, PAINTER, AND PRINTER OF WOOD BLOCKS, 1876
CREATOR OF THE BEATLES' PUBLIC IMAGE, 1934
AUTHOR OF AN AWARD-WINNING GAY MALE MYSTERY NOVEL SERIES, 1945
AFRICAN-AMERICAN ACTOR, DIRECTOR, AND FOLK-SINGER, 1918
This feature lists people about whom glbtq.com has both entries and complete birth dates. Each person listed has made a significant contribution to or had a significant impact on glbtq culture or history. Most are gay, lesbian, bisexual, or transgender, though some are either heterosexual or cannot be adequately characterized using any of these labels.
Congratulations to innovative cartoonist Alison Bechdel, pioneering attorney Mary Bonauto, and emerging playwright Samuel D. Hunter on receiving 2014 MacArthur Foundation Fellowships. The three are among 21 individuals awarded the coveted fellowships for 2014, announced on September 16, 2014.
The Advocate's list of 50 most influential glbtq media figures released on September 16, 2014 is headed by MSNBC's Rachel Maddow, who is credited with having "redefined the entire network in her wonky image," and TMZ's Harvey Levin, whose site exposes "celebrity misdeeds that have broader lessons and consequences." The list is limited to mainstream media figures and to individuals who are publicly out.
Pop music legend Bob Crewe died on September 11, 2014 in a Scarborough, Maine nursing home. Dancer, singer, songwriter, manager, record producer, painter, and philanthropist, Crewe was best known for his association with Frankie Valli and The Four Seasons, but he wrote songs and produced records by artists as diverse as Freddy Cannon, Lesley Gore, Oliver, Michael Jackson, Bobby Darin, Roberta Flack, Peabo Bryson, and Patti LaBelle. In 2009 he launched The Bob Crewe Foundation, which supports aspiring musicians and glbtq causes.
On the thirteenth anniversary of the terror attack on the United States on September 11, 2001, the nation pauses again to remember all who lost their lives in the attacks on New York's twin towers and on the Pentagon, and in the plane that crashed in Pennsylvania. Among the heroes of 9/11 were two gay men, Father Mychal Judge and Mark Bingham.
Congratulations to Maura Healey and Steve Kerrigan, who on September 9, 2014 won the Democratic nominations for Massachusetts Attorney General and Massachusetts Lt. Governor, putting them in a strong position to become the nation's first openly gay state attorney general and lieutenant governor. In the primary, Healey trounced Democratic party insider Warren Tolman, winning more than 60% of the vote. She will be the heavy favorite in the general election in November, where she faces Republican John Miller. Kerrigan won 51% of the vote in a three-way contest. He will run with Martha Coakley, who won the Democratic nomination for Governor.
Congratulations to Neil Patrick Harris and David Burtka on their wedding in Italy on September 6, 2014. The couple, who have been together for ten years, announced their engagement in 2011. They are parents of twins, who were born on October 12, 2010. According to a spokesperson for the couple, they were married "in an intimate ceremony surrounded by their close friends and family." Inasmuch as Italy does not recognize same-sex marriage, the speculation is that the couple's legal marriage was performed in New York.
Congratulations to Google executive Megan Smith, who on September 4, 2014 was appointed by President Obama to the position of Chief Technology Officer of the United States. Smith, an MIT-trained mechanical engineer, has decades of experience in Silicon Valley. She currently serves as a vice president at Google[x], the company's lab for ambitious next-generation projects. Before joining Google, she worked on product design at Apple and General Magic and helped launch the glbtq online community PlanetOut, where she served as CEO.
On September 4, 2014, only nine days after hearing oral arguments in cases challenging same-sex marriage bans in Indiana and Wisconsin, a three judge panel of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit has emphatically and unanimously struck down the bans as violating the equal protection guarantees of the U.S. Constitution.
In a deeply flawed ruling handed down on September 3, 2014, federal district Judge Martin Feldman, who was appointed to the bench by Ronald Reagan in 1983, upheld Louisiana's ban on same-sex marriage and the recognition of same-sex marriages performed elsewhere. The decision so baldly reveals bias and lack of judicial seriousness as to be an embarrassment. It is unlikely to exert any influence on the consideration of the issue by the Supreme Court of the United States.
On September 3, 2014, Lambda Legal, on behalf of Fred McQuire, filed suit demanding that the State of Arizona issue an accurate death certificate for his husband, George Martinez, who died on August 28 of pancreatic cancer. When McQuire requested a death certificate that acknowledged him as Martinez's surviving spouse, the state refused, saying that their California marriage was invalid in Arizona.