In a moving reminiscence about his friendship with filmmaker Derek Jarman, Leland Wheeler examines the artist's work, evokes his personality, and reminds us of his activism.
American attorney Mary Bonauto (b. 1961), civil rights project director at Gay & Lesbian Advocates & Defenders (GLAD), has won major rulings that have brought the promise of equal rights nearer to reality.
The Legacy Walk in Chicago is an outdoor history museum that reclaims and celebrates glbtq contributions to world history and culture.
|French-Speaking Theater, which has a long history of depicting male and female homosexuals and exploring the complexities of homosexual life, has been and remains an important instrument of liberation.|
|Honoré de Balzac (1799-1850) was one of the masters of Nineteenth-century French Fiction who provocatively includes both lesbian and gay male characters in his novels. Though remembered primarily for his fiction, Balzac was also an accomplished playwright.|
|Sarah Bernhardt (1844-1923) was the most famous actress of her time. The theatrical superstar scandalized and titillated Paris by wearing pants, taking men's roles in some of her plays, and having numerous love affairs, some with women.|
|Patrice Chéreau (b. 1944) is an award-winning French director, screenwriter, and actor who has earned international renown for his visionary, often controversial, productions of opera, theater, and film.|
|Hélène Cixous (b. 1937), an influential Algerian-born French feminist theorist and experimental novelist and dramatist, celebrates female homoeroticism and feminist solidarity.|
|Jean Cocteau (1889-1963) was an outspoken homosexual and a prolific poet, novelist, critic, essayist, artist, playwright, and filmmaker. Cocteau was also a mentor who nurtured the careers of others, including especially actor Jean Marais.|
|Colette (1873-1954) is remembered today as one of France's most beloved authors. Her novels address male and female homosexuality and bisexuality with a frankness that was exceptional for her time. Though the novel was the literary form that made her famous, Colette also penned several plays.|
|Marie Dorval (1798-1849) was a popular nineteenth-century French actress who enjoyed an intense romantic friendship with the writer George Sand that fueled much speculation among Parisian gossips of the time, as well as among later biographers and historians.|
|Jean Genet (1910-1986) was an openly homosexual French novelist and playwright who saw homosexuality, criminality, and other kinds of marginality as a revolt against entrenched power.|
|André Gide (1869-1951), one of the premier French writers of the twentieth century, reflected his homosexuality in many of his works, including novels, essays, and plays.|
|Alfred Jarry (1873-1907), a precursor of Surrealism who is considered the inventor of the Theater of the Absurd, included homosexual characters and themes in most of his works.|
|Pierre Loti (pseudonym of Julien Viaud, 1850-1923) was one of the most popular and respected French novelists of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries as well as an accomplished playwright.|
|Jean Marais (1913-1998) became one of the most celebrated stars of French movies, theater, and television partly because of the early sponsorship of writer and film director Jean Cocteau.|
|Jovette Marchessault (b. 1938), the first Québécoise novelist unequivocally to declare her lesbianism, has recently devoted much of her attention to the theater.|
|Françoise Raucourt (1756-1815) was an eighteenth-century French actress widely admired for her talent and beauty. Raucourt lived openly with a series of female lovers.|
|George Sand (pseudonym of Amantine-Aurore-Lucile Dupin, 1804-1876) is as infamous for her cigar-in-hand cross-dressing as she is famous for her eighty novels, twenty plays, and numerous political tracts.|
|Michel Tremblay (b. 1942) is a Montreal-born playwright and novelist who draws on his own Roman Catholic working-class background in his presentation of bar culture characters and their relatives.|
POLITICAL ACTIVIST WHO WAS AN EARLY LEADER IN THE GAY RIGHTS MOVEMENT IN FRANCE, 1904
FRENCH WRITER WHO INCLUDED BOTH GAY AND LESBIAN CHARACTERS IN HIS NOVELS, 1799
ONE OF THE GREATEST GRAPHIC ARTISTS IN HISTORY, 1471
FILM AND TELEVISION ACTOR REMEMBERED FOR HIS TELEVISION ROLE AS PERRY MASON, 1917
PROMINENT AMERICAN ACTIVIST WHO HELPED RADICALIZE THE HOMOPHILE MOVEMENT, 1925
LEADER OF THE ITALIAN GAY LIBERATION MOVEMENT IN THE 1970S, 1952
THE FIRST OPENLY GAY MAN TO BE ELECTED TO PUBLIC OFFICE, 1930
FILM, STAGE, AND TELEVISION ACTOR, 1941
MINISTER, EDUCATOR, AND AUTHOR, 1942
BUSINESSMAN AND ATHLETE BELIEVED TO HAVE TRIED TO DEFEAT HIJACKERS ON 9/11, 1970
AUTHOR AND PHOTOJOURNALIST, 1908
WRITER WHOSE STORIES THOUGHTFULLY DEPICT GAY LIFE DURING THE AIDS PANDEMIC, 1955
PROUDLY OUT LESBIAN ACTOR, SINGER, AND STAND-UP COMIC, 1958
ONE OF THE MOST ORIGINAL ARTISTS OF THE ITALIAN RENAISSANCE, 1494
OPENLY GAY WRITER, DIRECTOR, AND PRODUCER OF TELEVISION SHOWS, 1972
SHAKESPEAREAN ACTOR AND THE FIRST BRITISH SUBJECT TO BE KNIGHTED AFTER COMING OUT, 1939
This feature lists people about whom glbtq.com has both entries and complete birth dates. Each person listed has made a significant contribution to or had a significant impact on glbtq culture or history. Most are gay, lesbian, bisexual, or transgender, though some are either heterosexual or cannot be adequately characterized using any of these labels.
As expected, on May 24, 2013, the National Council of the Boy Scouts of America voted to end its longstanding ban on gay scouts while retaining its ban on adult leaders and employees. Some people have hailed the move as an important first step. More likely, it is a cynical public relations ploy that will probably not work. The only thing to celebrate is the chagrin the move to admit openly gay scouts has caused bigots.
As the Boy Scouts of America National Council gathers in Dallas to reconsider its ban on gay scouts and leaders on May 24, 2013, the real question is not whether they will (as expected) repeal the ban on scouts but retain it for adult scout leaders and employees. The real question is whether whatever they do is too little, too late. The leaders of the Boy Scouts of America have managed to besmirch their own brand, which at one time was as honored and as American as apple pie. The BSA has marginalized itself so as to become little more than a religious organization, largely Southern and rural, more famous for bigotry than for building character.
The recent uptick in anti-gay violence, as seen in a riot in the former Soviet Republic of Georgia led by Orthodox priests, brutal gaybashings in France, and the murder of a gay man in Greenwich Village, raises the question of whether progress in the pursuit of equal rights inevitably engenders a backlash.
On May 21, 2013, the United Kingdom's House of Commons passed the marriage equality bill on its third reading by a vote of 366 to 161. The bill now moves to the House of Lords.
On May 21, 1979, after a San Francisco jury returned a verdict of manslaughter against former Supervisor Dan White for the assassination of Mayor George Moscone and Supervisor Harvey Milk and was sentenced to less than eight years in prison for the killings, the city erupted in violence. The White Night Riots may be the most violent episode in the history of the American gay rights movement.
On May 20, 2013, President Obama announced that later this year he will bestow the Presidential Medal of Freedom, the nation's highest civilian honor, on the late astronaut Sally Ride. In addition to being the first woman and youngest person in space, Ride later served as director of NASA's Office of Exploration and became a renowned professor, scientist, and innovator at Scripps Institution of Oceanography, University of California, San Diego. Her lesbianism did not become generally known until July 2012 when the announcement of her death from pancreatic cancer at the age of 61 acknowledged her longtime partner, Tam O'Shaughnessy.
The Boy Scouts of America is scheduled to decide on May 24, 2013 whether to alter its long-standing ban on gay scouts and leaders. The proposal to be put before the roughly 1400 voting members of the BSA National Council would allow the participation of gay scouts, but not gay adult leaders. On the eve of this debate, the father of bullied gay scout Ryan Andresen has spoken out in a video made by Equality California.
May 17, 2013 is the ninth anniversary of the first legal same-sex marriages in the United States, which came as a result of a historic decision by the Supreme Judicial Court of Massachusetts. The breakthrough came in Goodridge v. Department of Public Health, which was argued by Mary Bonauto of Gay & Lesbian Advocates & Defenders (GLAD) on behalf of seven gay and lesbian couples who had been denied marriage licenses.
On May 17, 2013, France's Constitutional Council rejected an appeal from opponents of same-sex marriage and declared constitutional the marriage equality legislation recently passed by lop-sided margins in the Senate and the National Assembly. On May 18, 2012, President Hollande signed the bill into law. Marriages will begin in ten days.
On May 14, 2013, the Southern Poverty Law Center announced it had filed a groundbreaking lawsuit on behalf of an intersexual child who was subjected to unnecessary and premature surgery by the state of South Carolina. The lawsuit charges that the state of South Carolina violated the child's constitutional rights while in foster care, potentially affecting both reproductive and sexual function.