Although best known for his direction of lighter fare such as Grease, the highest-grossing movie musical to date, Randal Kleiser (b. 1946) made his most significant contribution to gay cinema with the 1996 AIDS-themed It's My Party.
|Lesbian and Bisexual Female Film Directors|
|Lesbian and female bisexual Directors have had an important and continuing impact on both Documentary and dramatic Film. Several have helped combat lesbian invisibility and empower women by raising lesbian and feminist issues in their work.|
|Chantal Akerman (b. 1950) is an innovative Belgian filmmaker who creates films that are at once experimental and personal and that often feature lesbian content.|
|Dorothy Arzner (1900-1979) was the only woman director in 1930s and 1940s Hollywood. She made films that convey the varieties of women's experiences and desires and the tenacity of women's relationships with other women.|
|Amanda Bearse (b. 1958) is one of the first primetime television actors to come out publicly as a gay person. She has developed a second career as a film and television director and has become an outspoken advocate of gay visibility.|
|Lizzie Borden (b. 1958) brings a feminist perspective and a dynamic authenticity to her films about the unexplored politics of women's lives.|
|Lisa Cholodenko (b. 1964) is an acclaimed lesbian filmmaker who has so far written and directed three feature films, whose "narrative motor," as Dennis Lim noted in the New York Times, is "sexual attraction."|
|Donna Deitch (b. 1945) is well-known for Desert Hearts, a pioneering classic of lesbian cinema. She is also a successful film and television director who has made several other films that probe gay and lesbian relationships.|
|Lynne Fernie (b. 1946) has had a varied career in the arts, but is best known as the co-director of the celebrated 1992 documentary Forbidden Love: The Unashamed Stories of Lesbian Lives.|
|Film Festivals by and for glbtq people have paralleled the growth of the modern gay rights movement since the 1970s. The diverse collection of glbtq film festivals, now recognized as the queer film festival circuit, came into its own in the early 1990s. Many of these feature the work of lesbian and bisexual filmmakers.|
|Jodie Foster (b. 1962), who is best known as one of the most accomplished film actresses of her generation, is also an acclaimed director and producer. She has been a glbtq icon for decades, though only recently has she acknowledged her lesbianism.|
|Sara Gilbert (b. 1975), who became a favorite with lesbian audiences for her portrayal of tomboy Darlene on the long-running television series "Roseanne," came out publicly as a lesbian in 2004. While best known as an actress, Gilbert is also a director, producer, and talk show host.|
|Barbara Hammer (b. 1939) is the most prolific lesbian feminist filmmaker in history. Her films have carefully considered political and theoretical underpinnings and are among the most thoughtful and unabashed celebrations of queer life in cinema.|
|New Queer Cinema describes a group of aggressively queer films that first appeared at Sundance Film Festivals in the early 1990s. The term has come to be used indiscriminately to denote independent films with gay and lesbian content. Lesbian, bisexual, and gay male directors have all contributed to New Queer Cinema in both its narrow and broad senses.|
|Ulrike Ottinger (b. 1942) is an avant-garde German filmmaker who creates both fictional fantasy worlds that shatter traditional gender constructions and documentaries that examine marginalized peoples.|
|Patricia Rozema (b. 1958) is a Canadian filmmaker known for imbuing her films with feminist analysis and sensual cinematography.|
|Monika Treut (b. 1954) is a German filmmaker who consistently explores challenging and controversial issues surrounding minority sexual and gender identities.|
|Rose Troche (b. 1964) has helped to make lesbians more visible onscreen, not as women tortured by their sexuality, but as individuals for whom female homosexuality is comfortable and, indeed, normal.|
|Andrea Weiss (b. 1956) is an award-winning writer and documentary filmmaker who has produced innovative work that embodies her commitment both to art and to political action.|
|Alice Wu (b. 1970) broke ground with her first feature-length motion picture, Saving Face (2004), a multi-generational portrait of Chinese-American women who transgress traditional sexual taboos.|
FOUNDER OF THE UNIVERSAL FELLOWSHIP OF METROPOLITAN COMMUNITY CHURCHES, 1940
COMEDIAN, ACTOR, WRITER, PRODUCER, AND ACTIVIST, 1956
SEXUALLY REPRESSED ENGLISH POET WHO PRAISED MALE BEAUTY, 1844
AN INFLUENTIAL 20th-CENTURY ARTIST WHO CREATED A FEMALE ALTER EGO, 1887
A LEADING CONTEMPORARY AMERICAN POET, 1927
MULTI-TALENTED LEADER OF THE GAY RIGHTS MOVEMENT BOTH PRE- AND POST-STONEWALL, 1940
AUSTRALIAN-AMERICAN WRITER, DIRECTOR, AND PRODUCER, 1941
AUTHOR AND PLAYWRIGHT CONCERNED WITH CONSTRUCTING LESBIAN IDENTITY, 1958
ENIGMATIC FIGURE WHO BECAME THE SECRETARY GENERAL OF THE UNITED NATIONS, 1905
AN IMPORTANT PRESENCE IN DANCE SINCE THE 1950s, 1930
FICTION WRITER AND COLUMNIST WHOSE WORKS DOCUMENT LESBIAN CULTURE, 1954
OPENLY GAY MEMBER OF THE U.S. HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES, 1966
COMPOSER AND LYRICIST WHO ADAPTED CLASSICAL MUSIC FOR STAGE MUSICALS, 1915
PIONEER IN THE AMERICAN GAY RIGHTS MOVEMENT, 1932
SENATOR, SCHOLAR, AND A RESPECTED LEADER OF THE GLBTQ RIGHTS MOVEMENT IN IRELAND, 1944
ESSAYIST, MEMOIRIST, AND SOCIAL COMMENTATOR, 1944
AUSTRALIAN RUGBY STAR WHO CAME OUT DURING HIS PLAYING CAREER AND LATER BECAME AN ACTOR, 1965
ACTIVIST FOR MARRIAGE EQUALITY, 1986
AMERICAN NOVELIST WHOSE TEXTS REFLECT HIS HOMOSEXUALITY, 1819
ONE OF THE SEMINAL FASHION DESIGNERS OF OUR ERA, 1936
AMERICAN AUTHOR OF ARTICULATE CHALLENGES TO RACISM AND MANDATORY HETEROSEXUALITY, 1924
This feature lists people about whom glbtq.com has both entries and complete birth dates. Each person listed has made a significant contribution to or had a significant impact on glbtq culture or history. Most are gay, lesbian, bisexual, or transgender, though some are either heterosexual or cannot be adequately characterized using any of these labels.
On July 29, 2014, the Colorado Supreme Court ordered Boulder County Clerk and Recorder Hillary Hall to cease issuing marriage licenses to same-sex couples while it considers an appeal from the state's Attorney General. Hall has issued more than 200 marriage licenses to gay and lesbian couples since the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Tenth Circuit struck down the ban on same-sex marriage in Utah on June 25. Hall had argued that although the Tenth Circuit ruling was stayed in Utah, that stay did not apply to Colorado.
In a 2-1 opinion issued on July 28, 2014, the Fourth Circuit Court of Appeals ruled Virginia's same-sex marriage ban unconstitutional. The decision, authored by Judge Henry Floyd and joined by Judge Roger Gregory, found that Virginia's marriage laws "impermissibly infringe upon its citizens' fundamental right to marry." The ruling upholds the February decision of U.S. District Judge Arenda L. Wright Allen, who found that the ban violates the U.S. Constitution's equal protection clause.
On July 25, 2014, the Alaska Supreme Court ruled unanimously that same-sex partners are entitled to survivor benefits. The ruling came in Harris v. Millennium Hotel, a lawsuit filed by Lambda Legal seeking survivor benefits for Deborah Harris, the same-sex partner of Kerry Fadely, who worked at Anchorage's Millennium Hotel and was shot and killed in 2011 by a disgruntled former employee. The Alaska Supreme Court reversed lower-level decisions that had upheld a state commission's denial of benefits on the grounds that such benefits would violate the state's ban on same-sex marriage.
On July 25, 2014, Miami-Dade County Judge Sarah Zabel struck down Florida's ban on same-sex marriage. In her decision in the case known as Pareto v. Ruvin, Judge Zabel wrote that Florida's marriage laws "improperly infringe upon the Plaintiffs' ability to exercise their fundamental right to marry the person of their choice, and upon their liberty interests regarding personal autonomy, family integrity, association, and dignity. They also unlawfully discriminate on the basis of sexual orientation." Finding that the ban violates the due process and equal protection guarantees of the United States Constitution, Judge Zabel ordered Miami-Dade County to allow same-sex couples to marry, but stayed her order pending an appeal to the Florida Supreme Court.
On July 21, 2014, President Obama signed an executive order banning workplace discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation and gender identity by federal contractors. He also amended the existing executive order banning discrimination by the federal government on the basis of sexual orientation and other characteristics to include protections for gender identity.
On July 18, 2014, the United States Court of Appeals for the Tenth Circuit ruled that Oklahoma's ban on same-sex marriage is unconstitutional. In a long and complex decision focusing on arcane issues of standing and the question of animus, the Denver-based court ruled 2-1 that Oklahoma's ban violates the Constitution's guarantee of equal protection. The same three-judge panel also ruled 2-1 on June 25 that Utah's ban on same-sex marriage was unconstitutional.
On July 17, 2014, Monroe County Judge Luis Garcia struck down Florida's ban on same-sex marriage. In a case brought by a Key West couple, Aaron Huntsman and William Lee Jones, who sued when they were denied a marriage license by the Clerk of Court of Monroe County, Judge Garcia ruled that Florida's ban on same-sex marriage violated the equal protection and due process protections of the United States Constitution. He said that marriage is a fundamental right that belongs to the individual and that includes the right to marry a person of one's own sex.
Congratulations to Michael Sam on receiving the Arthur Ashe Courage Award at the 2014 ESPY Awards, held at the Nokia Theater in Los Angeles, on July 14. After a moving video, Sam, the first openly gay player drafted by the NFL, was presented the award by Dwayne Johnson and then, fighting back tears, delivered an emotional acceptance speech.
On July 15, 2014, before the All-Star Game in Minneapolis, Major League Baseball announced that it has appointed former Dodger outfielder Billy Bean an Ambassador for Inclusion and that it is posthumously honoring former Dodger Glenn Burke as a gay pioneer.