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Borghese, Scipione Caffarelli (1576?-1633)  
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As Cardinal, Borghese took seriously his responsibility to contribute to the care and decoration of the churches under his supervision. Particularly after the death of his uncle, he seems to have utilized the embellishment of church buildings to demonstrate concern for the well-being of the faithful. The reconstruction of San Crisogono, Rome (1618-28) was probably the most costly project of redecoration undertaken in any church in the city during the early seventeenth century. Gold covers the ceiling and many other surfaces. With the Borghese arms and inscriptions glorifying the patron displayed throughout, San Crisogono seems almost a personal monument, rather than a place of worship.

Such public undertakings helped Borghese rehabilitate his reputation, though he never regained his political influence. He died on October 3, 1633 in the Borghese Palace, where he had assembled a large part of the art collection that has secured his lasting fame.

Richard G. Mann

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Bolland, Andrea. "Desiderio and Desire: Vision, Touch, and the Poetics of Benini's Apollo and Daphne." The Art Bulletin 82.2 (June 2000): 309-330.

Haskell, Francis. Patrons and Painters, A Study in the Relations Between Italian Art and Society in the Age of the Baroque. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1980.

Hibbard, Howard. Caravaggio. 2nd ed. New York: Harper and Row, 1985.

Hill, Michael. "The Patronage of a Disenfranchised Nephew: Cardinal Scipione Borghese and the Restoration of San Crisogono in Rome, 1618-1624." The Journal of the Society of Architectural Historians 60.4 (December 2001): 432-449.

Volker, Reinhardt. Kardinal Scipione Borghese, 1603-1633. Vermögen, Finanzen and sozialer Aufstieg eines Papstnepoten. Bibliothek des Deutschen Historischen Instituts in Rom, number 58. Tübingen: Max Niemeyer, 1984.


    Citation Information
    Author: Mann, Richard G.  
    Entry Title: Borghese, Scipione Caffarelli  
    General Editor: Claude J. Summers  
    Publication Name: glbtq: An Encyclopedia of Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual,
Transgender, and Queer Culture
    Publication Date: 2005  
    Date Last Updated September 19, 2006  
    Web Address  
    Publisher glbtq, Inc.
1130 West Adams
Chicago, IL   60607
    Today's Date  
    Encyclopedia Copyright: © 2002-2006, glbtq, Inc.  
    Entry Copyright © 2005, glbtq, inc.  


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