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Gluck (Hannah Gluckstein) (1895-1978)  
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Gluck and Edith both declined in health during the 1970s. Edith died in a nursing home on November 5, 1976. Gluck had a second heart attack two weeks later. The artist suffered a stroke the following year and died at the age of eighty-two on January 10, 1978.

Gluck was a woman of many contradictions and a person who inspired both great love and profound dislike. She deserves credit for designing the "Gluck frame" and for her efforts to improve the quality of artists' materials. In addition, she served as an early role model for other women-identified women artists.

Most significantly, however, she merits attention as an artist who left her mark on the history of modern art in England. While she exhibited her work in only a few solo exhibitions, all of them were met with critical praise.

A highly successful memorial retrospective exhibition of Gluck's work was held at the Fine Arts Society in London during 1978.

Ray Anne Lockard

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Compton, Susan, ed. British Art in the Twentieth Century: The Modern Movement. Munich: Prestel-Verlag, 1987.

Elliott, Bridget. "Performing the Picture or Painting the Other: Romaine Brooks, Gluck and the Question of Decadence in 1923." Women Artists and Modernism. Katy Deepwell, ed. Manchester: Manchester University Press; New York: St. Martin's Press, 1998. 70-82.

Fox, Caroline. Painting in Newlyn, 1800-1930. [Exhibition: July 11-September 1, 1985] London: Barbican Art Gallery, 1985.

Gluck. The Dilemma of the Painter and Conservator in the Synthetic Age: The Papers and Correspondence of the Artist, Gluck. Compiled by C. H. Leback-Sitwell. Brighton, England: Grant Thornton, 1980-1989.

_____. The Impermanence of Paintings in Relation to Artists' Materials. London: Royal Society of Arts, 1964.

Gluck, 1895-1978: Memorial Exhibition. Essay by Tony Carroll. Includes a statement by the artist. [Exhibition: December 15, 1980-January 30, 1981] London: Fine Art Society, 1980.

Souhami, Diana. Gluck, Her Biography. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson, 1988.


    Citation Information
    Author: Lockard, Ray Anne  
    Entry Title: Gluck (Hannah Gluckstein)  
    General Editor: Claude J. Summers  
    Publication Name: glbtq: An Encyclopedia of Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual,
Transgender, and Queer Culture
    Publication Date: 2002  
    Date Last Updated March 19, 2009  
    Web Address  
    Publisher glbtq, Inc.
1130 West Adams
Chicago, IL   60607
    Today's Date  
    Encyclopedia Copyright: © 2002-2006, glbtq, Inc.  
    Entry Copyright © 2002, glbtq, Inc.  


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