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Johnston, Frances Benjamin (1864-1952)  
 
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Johnston died on March 16, 1952 in New Orleans. Her body was cremated and interred in Rock Creek Cemetery in Washington, D. C. Sawyer was buried in her family cemetery near Pulaski, Tennessee.

Roberts Batson

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arts >> Overview:  American Art: Lesbian, 1900-1969

American lesbian art in the earlier twentieth century was indelibly shaped by the expatriate experience and by the emergence of a more democratic art form, photography, as well as by the intense pressure following World War II to retreat into the closet.

social sciences >> Overview:  New Orleans

One of America's most colorful cities, New Orleans boasts a rich tradition for glbtq people and is both a popular travel destination for gay men and lesbians and the home of a diverse glbtq community.

arts >> Overview:  Photography: Lesbian, Pre-Stonewall

The most significant examples of pre-Stonewall lesbian photography convey relationships, reflect lesbian iconography, or show the photographer looking at and recording her beloved.

literature >> Overview:  Romantic Friendship: Female

Until the beginning of the twentieth century, intimate, exclusive, and often erotic romantic friendships between women were largely perceived as normal and socially acceptable.

arts >> Overview:  Subjects of the Visual Arts: Bicycles

Bicycles, introduced in Europe around 1863, were the first democratic means of transportation, and soon became both a means and a symbol of women's liberation.

arts >> Overview:  Subjects of the Visual Arts: Nude Females

While nude depictions of women appear in most cultures, on both sides of the equator, and in rich variety, lesbian artists have been particularly resourceful in their use of the female nude.

social sciences >> Anthony, Susan B.

Although best known for her crusade for women's suffrage, Susan B. Anthony spoke out on a range of feminist issues.

arts >> Austen, Alice

One of the first American women to become a photographer, Alice Austen defied conventions and challenged stereotypes in nearly every aspect of her life.

literature >> Barney, Natalie Clifford

In addition to being the muse and inspiration of other writers, American expatriate Natalie Barney, known as the Amazon, was a poet, memoirist, and epigrammatist in her own right.

social sciences >> Carver, George Washington

Best known for his research on peanuts, agronomist and educator George Washington Carver become a cultural icon as the "Wizard of Tuskegee," but at the cost of hiding his homosexuality.

arts >> Duncan, Isadora

The mother of modern dance, Isadora Duncan brought her feminist consciousness to the stage; and in her bohemian private life, she constantly challenged society's rules.


    Bibliography
   

Berch, Bettina. The Woman Behind the Lens: The Life and Work of Frances Benjamin Johnston, 1864-1952. Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 2000.

Daniel, Pete, and Raymond Smock. A Talent for Detail: The Photographs of Miss Frances Benjamin Johnston, 1889-1910. New York: Harmony Books, 1974.

Francis Benjamin Johnston Collection. Library of Congress. www.loc.gov/rr/print/coll/131.html

Lamia, Doumato. Frances Benjamin Johnston, Architectural Photographer: A Bibliography. Monticello: Vance Bibliographies, 1990.

O'Toole, Patricia. "Frances Benjamin Johnston." Civilization Magazine 3.3 (May/June 1996): 62-64.

Vanderbilt, Paul, comp. Reference Department. Guide to the Special Collections of Prints & Photographs in the Library of Congress. Washington: U.S. Library of Congress, 1955.

 

    Citation Information
         
    Author: Batson, Roberts  
    Entry Title: Johnston, Frances Benjamin  
    General Editor: Claude J. Summers  
    Publication Name: glbtq: An Encyclopedia of Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual,
Transgender, and Queer Culture
 
    Publication Date: 2006  
    Date Last Updated October 21, 2007  
    Web Address www.glbtq.com/arts/johnston_fb.html  
    Publisher glbtq, Inc.
1130 West Adams
Chicago, IL   60607
 
    Today's Date  
    Encyclopedia Copyright: © 2002-2006, glbtq, Inc.  
    Entry Copyright © 2006, glbtq, Inc.  
 

 

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