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LaChiusa, Michael John (b. 1962)  

In 2004, Michael John LaChiusa was described in an article in The Washington Post as "the most prolific composer in New York during the past 10 or so years." He does not object to the characterization. "I do write a lot," he says. "I enjoy it."

Along with Ricky Ian Gordon and a handful of other composers, LaChiusa has been identified as an heir to Stephen Sondheim's brilliant legacy in the American musical theater. LaChiusa frequently creates works that demand intellectual involvement on the part of the auidence; and, like Sondheim's, his works for the musical theater are often described as "operatic."

LaChiusa was born July 24, 1962, in Stockwell, New York, where he first began writing songs at the urging of his fourth-grade teacher. While still in his teens, LaChiusa made his way to New York City with the ambition to compose for the theater.

He came to early notice in 1993 with First Lady Suite, a look at the hidden lives of presidential wives Jackie Kennedy, Mamie Eisenhower, and Eleanor Roosevelt, whose lesbian lover, Lorena Hickock, figures prominently in the piece. (A revival production of 2002 was recorded for a CD released in 2003.)

In 1994, LaChiusa solidified his reputation as a brilliant young composer with Hello Again, a musical suggested by Arthur Schnitzler's La Ronde and produced at Lincoln Center with a first-rate cast including John Cameron Mitchell, Donna Murphy, Judy Blazer, and Michele Pawk. In this wise and beautiful work about love and sex, couples--some gay, some straight--come together in a series of vignettes, one for each decade of the twentieth century. "I'm very intrigued by sexuality," LaChiusa says. "I'm a Catholic boy, so obviously I'm obsessed with sex. I find the politics of sex fascinating."

LaChiusa's next project, inspired by a novel by Gabriel Garcia Marquez, was Chronicle of a Death Foretold, for which he and his co-writers, Graciela Daniele and Jim Lewis, won a Tony nomination for best book of a musical in 1996.

During the 1999-2000 theater season, LaChiusa was represented on Broadway by two productions, Marie Christine and The Wild Party.

Marie Christine, starring Audra McDonald, is an updating of the Medea myth set in nineteenth-century Louisiana and Chicago. (McDonald has recorded several works by LaChiusa, and chose "Way Back to Paradise," from Marie Christine, as the title of her debut CD.)

The Wild Party, based on a classic poem of the Jazz Age by Joseph Moncure March, presents a racially- and sexually-mixed group at a party spinning out of control. Guests at the party include a lesbian stripper, an "ambisextrous" playboy, and a pair of gay, black songwriters.

LaChiusa won two Tony nominations (for the book and for music and lyrics) for Marie Christine; he also won two Tony nominations for The Wild Party (for music and lyrics, and, with co-writer George C. Wolfe, for the book). Lesbian performer Lea DeLaria recorded two numbers from The Wild Party for her CD Play It Cool (2001), a jazz-inflected collection of tunes drawn from the musical theater.

Some of LaChiusa's other works include Little Fish, adapted from two short stories by Deborah Eisenberg; Lovers & Friends: Chatauqua Variations, produced at Lyric Opera of Chicago, where he was 1998-1999 Composer-in-Residence; and The Highest Yellow, a musical about Van Gogh and his doctor, given its world premiere in 2004 at Signature Theatre in Arlington, Virginia.

The Highest Yellow had a long gestation; LaChiusa worked on it in bursts over a ten-year period. Writing in The Washington Post, theater critic Peter Marks called the show "in part an attempt to find an urgent musical vocabulary for ecstasy."

LaChiusa often flavors his work with a suggestion of the music of the appropriate period. In The Highest Yellow, for instance, he uses a bit of French music of Van Gogh's era. The Highest Yellow also contains a lyric that could be taken as emblematic of the composer's work as a whole: "You need the dark to make the light lighter."

LaChiusa says he can not choose a favorite among his works. "I love all my children," he explains, adding, "It's always the new one I most focus on."

The composer describes himself as a "gay man, happily single." He lives in New York City, where he teaches as an adjunct professor at New York University.

He says he has high expectations of his students, explaining: "Girl/world--that doesn't make it in my book. You can make a million dollars with that rhyme if you want, I don't care. But in [my] classroom, you show up with a rhyme like that, you are so on my shit list."

In its emotional and intellectual reach--along with the sheer amount of music (including recitative) in them--LaChiusa's works, perhaps especially Marie Christine, are frequently described as operatic. Though LaChiusa has argued that he writes musicals rather than operas, other writers, such as Terry Teachout, have attributed this disclaimer to his fear of being branded an elitist. But however they are defined, as operas or musicals, LaChiusa's works are memorable, involving, and affecting.

Greg Varner


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arts >> Overview:  Musical Theater and Film

The musical has been a significant aspect of American gay male culture, manifesting itself both in diva worship and, more recently, in the presentation of openly gay characters and shows written by gay writers primarily for gay audiences.

arts >> Overview:  Opera

Opera, an eclectic synthesis of voice, drama, music, costume, visual arts and spectacle, has played an integral role in queer culture since its development in seventeenth century Venice.

arts >> DeLaria, Lea

A proudly out lesbian from the very beginning of her career, the versatile Lea DeLaria has earned accolades for her talents as an actor, a singer, and a stand-up comic.

arts >> Gordon, Ricky Ian

Composer Ricky Ian Gordon, often seen as an heir to the musical legacy of Stephen Sondheim, has been praised for the lyrical quality of his music and for bridging the worlds of theater and art song.

arts >> Larson, Jonathan

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arts >> Mitchell, John Cameron

While he had already achieved recognition as an actor, the multiple talents of performer, writer, and filmmaker John Cameron Mitchell came to wide public notice in 2001 with the release of his prize-winning film, Hedwig and the Angry Inch.

social sciences >> Roosevelt, Eleanor

An important advocate for the poor and oppressed and one of the most influential women in the world, Eleanor Roosevelt had throughout her life strong attachments to women, some of them probably resulting in sexual intimacy.

arts >> Sondheim, Stephen

One of the most innovative talents of the musical theater in the second half of the twentieth century, Stephen Sondheim has only indirectly reflected his homosexuality in his work.

arts >> Wolfe, George C.

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arts >> Wright, Doug

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Brantley, Ben. "Transforming the Passive Into Something Less So." The New York Times (February 14, 2003): E4.

_____. "Why the Caged First Ladies Sing." The New York Times (April 6, 2004): E1.

DeLaria, Lea. Play It Cool. Warner CD, 2001.

LaChiusa, Michael John. First Lady Suite. Various Artists. PS Classics CD, 2003.

_____. Hello Again. Original Cast Recording. RCA CD, 1994.

_____. Marie Christine. Original Cast Recording. RCA CD, 2000.

_____. The Wild Party. Original Cast Recording. Decca CD, 2002.

Marks, Peter. "The Highest Yellow: Gloomy, Gloomy Night." The Washington Post (November 10, 2004): C1.

McDonald, Audra. Happy Songs. Nonesuch CD, 2002.

_____. Way Back to Paradise. Nonesuch CD, 1998.

Pressley, Nelson. "At Long Last, All Systems Are Gogh For Yellow: Composer LaChiusa's Difficult Musical Shapes Up." The Washington Post (October 31, 2004): N1.

Teachout, Terry. "A 'Musical' That's Really an Opera." The New York Times (January 2, 2000): Section 2, page 5.

Varner, Greg. "Broadway's Future Is Here: Recordings Offer a Peek at the Musical Theater to Come." Washington Blade (May 14, 1999): 47.

_____. Unpublished interview with Michael John LaChiusa. December 19, 2004.


    Citation Information
    Author: Varner, Greg  
    Entry Title: LaChiusa, Michael John  
    General Editor: Claude J. Summers  
    Publication Name: glbtq: An Encyclopedia of Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual,
Transgender, and Queer Culture
    Publication Date: 2005  
    Date Last Updated May 5, 2005  
    Web Address  
    Publisher glbtq, Inc.
1130 West Adams
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    Today's Date  
    Encyclopedia Copyright: © 2002-2006, glbtq, Inc.  
    Entry Copyright © 2005, glbtq, inc.  


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