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arts

Alpha Index:  A-B  C-F  G-K  L-Q  R-S  T-Z

Subjects:  A-B  C-E  F-L  M-Z

     
Latin American Art  
 
page: 1  2  3  4  

He became a master of Samba and created works that viewers had to experience physically, such as his penetráveis, suspended fabrics that revealed spatial relationships and encouraged spectator awareness. He created bolides (fireballs/nuclei), comprised of rocks, crystals, and soil in glass boxes. His use of inexpensive materials anticipated the "povera" movement in Italy.

He also created paragoles (relating to the joy of putting on clothes). These paragoles, which looked like body wraps, were designed in order to play with the boundaries of form and content and often provoked new modes of thinking about how clothes signal the gender of the wearer.

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Other significant Brazilian artists in whose work there is significant gay content include Darcy Penteado (1926-1987), a book illustrator, fashion designer, and society portraitist, who devoted himself to the gay cause. Glauco Rodriguez (b. 1929), Geraldo Porto (b. 1950), and Edilson Viriato (b. 1966) have also created work with a gay sensibility.

Conclusion

Over the past few decades, interest in Latin American art has increased dramatically. Critics have attempted to assess the artistic impact of multiple social realities, including especially the potent African influence as filtered through Catholic culture.

While Latin American art was formerly alleged to be derivative or stereotyped as full of magic, mystery, and sensuality, it is now clear that Latin American art is in fact refreshingly diverse, highly personal, and very vibrant. The "hybrid" energy of this art is especially evident in the work of the gay, lesbian, and bisexual artists discussed above.

Notwithstanding advances in recent years, however, homosexuality remains almost invisible in many Latin American cultures. Artworks such as those discussed above lend much-needed insight into the social, political, and psychological lives of gay Latin Americans. One of the most powerful messages implicit in their work is the need to counteract the destructive impact of machismo and to embrace and celebrate diverse sexualities.

Joyce M. Youmans
Kieron Devlin

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    Bibliography
   

Barnitz, Jacqueline. Twentieth Century Art of Latin America. Austin: University of Texas Press, 2001.

Bleys, Rudi C. Images of Ambiente: Homotextuality and Latin American Art, 1810 to Today. New York: Continuum, 2000.

Chadwick, Whitney. Women Artists and the Surrealist Movement. Boston: Little, Brown, 1985.

Cooper, Emmanuel. The Sexual Perspective: Homosexuality in Art of the Past 100 Years in the West. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1986.

Douglas, Eduardo de Jesús. "The Colonial Self: Homosexuality and Mestizaje in the Art of Nahum B. Zenil." Art Journal 57.3 (Fall 1998): 14-21.

Herrera, Hayden. Frida Kahlo. New York: Harper Row, 1983.

Saslow, James M. Pictures and Passions: A History of Homosexuality in the Visual Arts. New York: Viking, 1999.

Scheldahl, Peter. "Hecho en Mexico." Village Voice 41.23 (June 4, 1996): 79.

Sullivan, Edward J. "Witness to the Self/Testigo del Ser." Nahum B. Zenil: Witness to the Self. San Francisco: The Mexican Museum, 1996.

 

    Citation Information
         
    Author: Youmans, Joyce M. ; Devlin, Kieron  
    Entry Title: Latin American Art  
    General Editor: Claude J. Summers  
    Publication Name: glbtq: An Encyclopedia of Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual,
Transgender, and Queer Culture
 
    Publication Date: 2002  
    Date Last Updated June 16, 2005  
    Web Address www.glbtq.com/arts/latin1_am_art.html  
    Publisher glbtq, Inc.
1130 West Adams
Chicago, IL   60607
 
    Today's Date  
    Encyclopedia Copyright: © 2002-2006, glbtq, Inc.  
    Entry Copyright © 2002, glbtq, Inc.  
 

 

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