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Second Outgames

The second Outgames was held in Copenhagen from July 25 to August 2, 2009. It was one of the largest international sports and cultural events ever held in Denmark, with some 8,000 participants.

The 2nd International Conference on LGBT Human Rights, held in conjunction with Outgames, was co-chaired by Rebeca Sevilla and Svend Robinson and included keynote speakers such as John Amaechi, Virginia Apuzzo, Axel Axgil, Georgina Beyer, and Cleve Jones, among many others.

Third Outgames

The third Outgames was hosted by Antwerp in the summer of 2013.

The future of the Outgames appears bright, due in large measure to the excellent organization of its governing body, GLISA. Marshaling the support of governments, corporate sponsors, sports federations, and some 5,200 volunteers, GLISA put on extremely well-run games in Montreal. Athletes were impressed by all aspects of their experience, from venues and officiating to scheduling and transportation.

The Canadian--especially Montreal--press and broadcast media provided extensive coverage of the first Outgames. Unfortunately, however, the events went virtually unreported in the United States despite the fact that the American delegation was second in size only to the host nation's.

At the closing ceremony of the first world Outgames, Tewksbury stated, "The Olympics ask us to be better athletes, but the Outgames ask us to be better human beings." By combining the pursuit of athletic excellence with the joyous celebration of community and culture as well as the commitment to work for the full civil rights of glbtq people around the globe, the Outgames did just that.

Linda Rapp

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social sciences >> Overview:  Canada

In 2005 Canada became the fourth country to recognize same-sex marriages; the milestone victory solidified Canada's position as a leader in the struggle for glbtq equality.

social sciences >> Overview:  Montreal

In the last two decades, Montreal has become friendly to and supportive of its glbtq citizens and visitors.

arts >> Overview:  Sports: Gay Male

While sports, at least on the major competitive level, may be the final closet for gay men, there have nevertheless been a number of gay male elite athletes.

arts >> Overview:  Sports: Lesbian

Although lesbians and athletics have long been identified with each other, lesbian athletes, despite great achievements, still face numerous obstacles.

arts >> Overview:  Sports: Transgender Issues

Fears and misconceptions about transgendered and intersexed athletes abound.

arts >> Gay Games

A quadrennial sporting and cultural event designed for the glbtq community, the Gay Games has become a lucrative attraction for host cities.

arts >> lang, k. d.

Long before she came out, lesbians had made singer k.d. lang their own.

arts >> Navratilova, Martina

One of the greatest tennis players in history, Martina Navratilova has become an outspoken supporter of gay and lesbian rights.

arts >> Tewksbury, Mark

Olympic medalist Mark Tewksbury was closeted throughout his competitive swimming career, but since coming out has become an advocate for glbtq rights.

literature >> Warren, Patricia Nell

Patricia Nell Warren is the author of significant novels about American gay culture that exemplify popular adult and young adult mainstream fiction.


First World Outgames Montreal 2006.

Lamey, Mary. "Delegates Can't Beat Bureaucrats: Judge Challenged; African Participants Denied Entry Visas." The Gazette (Montreal) (July 28, 2006): A7.

_____. "Going out with a Party: Music and Tears. City, Mayor Thanked for Warm Welcome." The Gazette (Montreal) (August 6, 2006): A1.

_____. "Party, Politics at the Big O: Pumped Crowd of 40,000 Launches Week of Athletics." The Gazette (Montreal) (July 30, 2006): A1.

Larouche-Smart, Marissa, and Mary Lamey. "Declaration of Montreal Is a Global Call to Action: International Conference Ends with the Adoption of a Framework Promoting Gay Human Rights." The Gazette (Montreal) (July 30, 2006): A1.

"Transgender Athletes Welcome at Montreal's Outgames." CBC News (May 11, 2006).

Zeigler, Cyd, Jr. "Grading the Outgames." Outsports (August 7, 2006).

_____. "Outgames I, Gay Games 0." Outsports (August 8, 2006).


    Citation Information
    Author: Rapp, Linda  
    Entry Title: Outgames  
    General Editor: Claude J. Summers  
    Publication Name: glbtq: An Encyclopedia of Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual,
Transgender, and Queer Culture
    Publication Date: 2006  
    Date Last Updated November 25, 2013  
    Web Address  
    Publisher glbtq, Inc.
1130 West Adams
Chicago, IL   60607
    Today's Date  
    Encyclopedia Copyright: © 2002-2006, glbtq, Inc.  
    Entry Copyright © 2006 glbtq, Inc.  


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