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Pornographic Film and Video: Gay Male  
 
page: 1  2  3  

DVD technology improved and many companies began to re-release older products in this new format (and to release newer features in both VHS and DVD formats).

Entire niche markets developed for specialized tastes. Fetish videos involving spanking or fisting became available. So did products focusing on older models, various ethnicities, solo videos, and bondage and discipline, among many others. Softcore gained a greater presence through the work of companies such as Greenwood-Cooper and 10%.

Sponsor Message.

Although for most performers pornography remained a brief sideline business in which they dabbled for only a couple of years, some such as Eric Evans, Jake Andrews, and Chip Daniels were able to maintain relatively long and stable careers in sex work, both in front of the camera and behind it.

For others video porn was used as advertising for the prostitution (or "escorting," as it was euphemistically known) that was their primary source of income. Performing as a stripper in nightclubs was another profitable job that could develop from a career in pornography.

Moreover, the gay porn world became its own subculture within a subculture, boasting its own awards shows, pantheon of stars and directors, and a strong and open connection to the gay culture that was both its market and its source of inspiration.

By 2000 gay male pornography was thoroughly integrated into gay life in a way that straight pornography has never been in the majority culture. Gay porn actors became cultural heroes, their images sometimes gracing giant billboards in gay ghettos in Houston and Los Angeles. They made public appearances at important social functions, and organized and attended high-profile fundraisers, especially for AIDS causes.

Today the gay subculture openly accepts--sometimes even revels in--pornography. Because gay sexual identity is already marked as "deviant" by the mainstream, it is hard for most gay men to see the enjoyment of pornography as marginalizing or problematic.

With the majority of gay men regarding pornography positively, the gay male community has not been polarized by the bitter debates over pornography that has sometimes divided lesbian communities.

Indeed, gay men at the turn into the twenty-first century at least in part use pornography in a way similar to the way earlier generations of gay men used a camp sensibility: as a means of asserting their identity by flouting and mocking the arbitrary standards of the majority.

Joe A. Thomas

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social sciences >> Overview:  Computers, the Internet, and New Media

Since the advent of the Internet, lesbians, gay men, and sexual and gender nonconformists of all kinds have been able to use a variety of computer-mediated communications to meet and network both on- and offline.

literature >> Overview:  Erotica and Pornography

Erotic and pornographic works have been written in many cultures since ancient times and recently have flourished with the relaxation of censorship.

arts >> Overview:  Pornographic Film and Video: Bisexual

Bisexual pornography began in earnest during the mid-1980s, but the quality and number of bisexual videos has decreased dramatically since their heyday in the 1980s.

arts >> Overview:  Pornographic Film and Video: Lesbian

Although pornography is controversial among lesbians, it has nonetheless been openly embraced by a faction of pro-sex lesbians, and there has emerged a small but growing film and video industry committed to authentic lesbian pornography.

arts >> Overview:  Pornographic Film and Video: Transsexual

Most of the pornography that features transsexuals is neither made by nor for them, but in recent years trans porn activists have began to produce pornography for transsexual and other queer audiences.

arts >> Overview:  Porn Stars

Because pornography is an accepted part of gay male life, performers in gay pornography hold a relatively esteemed position in gay culture and several have emerged as idols and icons.

social sciences >> Overview:  Sex Work and Prostitution: Male

Sex workers range from well-organized professionals who work for escorting agencies, perform in pornographic films, or manage independent escort businesses to those who engage in unpremeditated and sporadic cash transactions resulting from casual encounters.

arts >> Overview:  Erotic and Pornographic Art: Gay Male

Given the historic stigma around making, circulating, and possessing overtly homoerotic images, the visual arts have been especially important for providing a socially sanctioned arena for depicting the naked male body and suggesting homoerotic desire.

arts >> Cadinot, Jean-Daniel

Jean-Daniel Cadinot, French pornographer extraordinaire, has attracted an international following for his audacious films, which manage to be both unusually artistic and enormously arousing.


    Bibliography
   

Burger, John R. One-Handed Histories: The Eroto-Politics of Gay Male Video Pornography. New York: Harrington Park Press, 1995.

Dyer, Richard. "Male Gay Porn: Coming to Terms." Jump Cut 30 (1985): 27-29.

Thomas, Joe A.. "Gay Male Video Pornography: Past, Present, and Future." Sex for Sale: Prostitution, Pornography, and the Sex Industry. Ronald Weitzer, ed. New York: Routledge, 2000. 49-66.

Waugh, Thomas. Hard to Imagine: Gay Male Eroticism in Photography and Film from Their Beginnings to Stonewall. New York: Columbia University Press, 1996.

_____. "Men's Pornography: Gay vs. Straight." Out in Culture: Gay, Lesbian, and Queer Essays on Popular Culture. Alexander Doty and Corey K. Creekmur, eds. Durham, N. C.: Duke University Press, 1995. 307-327.

 

    Citation Information
         
    Author: Thomas, Joe A.  
    Entry Title: Pornographic Film and Video: Gay Male  
    General Editor: Claude J. Summers  
    Publication Name: glbtq: An Encyclopedia of Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual,
Transgender, and Queer Culture
 
    Publication Date: 2002  
    Date Last Updated June 22, 2005  
    Web Address www.glbtq.com/arts/porn_gay.html  
    Publisher glbtq, Inc.
1130 West Adams
Chicago, IL   60607
 
    Today's Date  
    Encyclopedia Copyright: © 2002-2006, glbtq, Inc.  
    Entry Copyright © 2002, glbtq, Inc.  
 

 

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