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Squire, Maud Hunt (1873-1955) and Ethel Mars (1876-1956)  
page: 1  2  

Squire's work in this medium is characterized by vibrant colors, graceful control of line and shape, and subtle but effective intimations of texture. Unlike the other "Provincetown printers," she retained the use of a "key block" (master image) and did not necessarily rely on the white line technique they had developed for separating color fields.

In the 1920s Squire and Mars returned to Europe, eventually settling in Vence on the French Riviera. There Squire and Mars were active in an artists' community that included Marsden Hartley and Reginald Marsh. The couple continued to collaborate on children's book illustration and each again took up painting and drawing. Mars, who concentrated on modernist painting and gouache drawing, exhibited in Paris during the 1920s. Squire concentrated on large-scale watercolors of outdoor public scenes. The couple continued working until about 1930.

During World War II, Squire and Mars, then in their sixties, went into hiding near Grenoble. After the war, they returned to their home, La Farigoule, in Vence. Squire died in 1955; Mars in 1956. The two women are buried together in Vence.

Squire's work can be seen at the Herron Art Institute (Indianapolis), South Kensington Museum (London), the Corcoran Gallery (Washington, D. C.), and online from the Mary Ryan Gallery (New York) and the Smithsonian Museum. Mars's work can be seen online from the Smithsonian Museum, Boston Museum of Fine Arts, and the Mary Ryan Gallery (New York).

Ruth M. Pettis

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Dunford, Penny. Biographical Dictionary of Women Artists in Europe and America Since 1850. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1989.

"Ethel Mars." New York: Mary Ryan Gallery.

Flint, Janet A. Provincetown Printers: A Woodcut Tradition. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1983.

"The French Connection: Ada Gilmore, Mabel Hewit, Edna Boies Hopkins, Blanche Lazzell, Ethel Mars, Mildred McMillen, and Maud Hunt Squire." Mary Ryan Gallery. December 2, 2004-January 22, 2005.

Kingsley, Charles. The Heroes; or, Greek Fairy Tales for My Children--with Sixty Drawings by M. H. Squire & E. Mars. New York: R. H. Russell, 1901. Online at

Marks, Matthew. "Provincetown Prints." The Print Collector's Newsletter 15.4 (September-October 1984): 132-33.

"Maud Hunt Squire." New York: Mary Ryan Gallery.

Museum of Fine Arts, Boston.

Smithsonian American Art Museum.

Stein, Gertrude. "Miss Furr and Miss Skeene." Geography and Plays. Boston: The Four Seas Company, 1922.

Stone, Martha E. "Who were Miss Furr and Miss Skeene?" The Gay & Lesbian Review Worldwide 9.5 (September-October 2002): 29-30.


    Citation Information
    Author: Pettis, Ruth M.  
    Entry Title: Squire, Maud Hunt and Ethel Mars  
    General Editor: Claude J. Summers  
    Publication Name: glbtq: An Encyclopedia of Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual,
Transgender, and Queer Culture
    Publication Date: 2005  
    Date Last Updated April 24, 2007  
    Web Address  
    Publisher glbtq, Inc.
1130 West Adams
Chicago, IL   60607
    Today's Date  
    Encyclopedia Copyright: © 2002-2006, glbtq, Inc.  
    Entry Copyright © 2005, glbtq, inc.  


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