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Weiss, Andrea (b. 1956)  

Andrea Weiss is an award-winning writer and documentary filmmaker whose innovative work has provided many unique insights into lesbian and gay life in the twentieth century.

Any serious account of Weiss's work must acknowledge the crucial role of her collaborative partner, director-producer Greta Schiller, with whom Weiss founded Jezebel Productions, a New York based non-profit film production company, in 1984.

Weiss, a New Yorker now resident in London, was born in 1956, and completed a Ph.D. in cultural history before moving into film work. In 1984, she was research director on Schiller's documentary Before Stonewall, winning an Emmy award for Best Historical Research. The film--a pioneering study of pre-Stonewall gay and lesbian life in the United States--won an Emmy as Best Historical and Cultural Program.

Three subsequent Jezebel projects, produced in association with Britain's Channel Four, successfully explored marginalized women jazz musicians. International Sweethearts of Rhythm (1986) focused on the multi-racial all-woman band of the 1940s; Tiny and Ruby: Hell Divin' Women (1988) explored the partnership of trumpeting legend Tiny Davis and pianist-drummer Ruby Lucas; and Maxine Sullivan: Love to Be in Love (1991) recounted the fluctuating fortunes of 1930s jazz diva Maxine Sullivan.

The challenge of representing minorities--lesbians and gays, blacks, Jews, and women--led Weiss and Schiller to forge experimental documentary techniques to overcome a paucity of archival footage. Tiny and Ruby, for example, skilfully utilizes superimposed images, video animation, and the narrative poetry of black lesbian writer Cheryl Clarke.

The politics and poetics of lesbian representation also preoccupy Weiss as a critic. In 1992 she published Violets and Vampires: Lesbians in Film, an acclaimed study of films by and/or about lesbians. Her next book, Paris Was a Woman (1996), is a companion piece to her research and writing on a 1995 documentary of the same name.

Directed by Schiller, the film Paris Was a Woman is a stylish study of the lesbian coterie associated with the Paris left bank in the 1920s and 1930s, offering insights into such modernist luminaries as Gertrude Stein and Djuna Barnes.

Skilfully chosen archival footage, a stylish and informative script, and pertinent interviews garnered Paris the audience award for Best Documentary at the Berlin Film Festival, and led the New York Times to comment: "Time travel to golden ages doesn't exist . . . but Paris Was a Woman is the next best thing."

Weiss has continued her exploration of hybrid forms through her work as a director. A Bit of Scarlet (1997), a "collage" documentary, addresses the history of lesbian and gay representation in British cinema, while Seed of Sarah (1998) melds video collage and archival material with Mark Polishook's electronic chamber opera to convey the wartime memories of Hungarian holocaust survivor Judith Maygar Issacson.

Recent Weiss ventures include Escape to Life: The Erika and Klaus Mann Story (2000), co-directed with German filmmaker Wieland Speck and featuring Vanessa and Corin Redgrave as the voices of Erika and Klaus, the dissident queer children of acclaimed writer Thomas Mann; and Recall Florida (2003), a documentary road movie following former Attorney General Janet Reno's botched campaign for Governor of Florida, which Weiss directed and co-produced (with Schiller and Hunter Reno).

Speck and Weiss's joint directorial statement of purpose eloquently sums up Weiss's contribution to contemporary gay and lesbian culture, especially when it refers to a "seemingly contradictory commitment to art and political action without sacrificing one for the other; a strong sense of the individual's responsibility to society; the search as a gay/lesbian person to find one's own way in the world."

Deborah Hunn


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A portrait of Andrea Weiss by Ekko von Schwichow.
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   Related Entries
arts >> Overview:  Documentary Film

The queer community has used documentary film to resurrect historical memory and to permit the marginalized to bear witness, as well as to build an image base that reflects our diversity and counters distorted representations.

arts >> Overview:  Film

Since cinema began, Hollywood has been fascinated with finding ways of representing homosexuality.

arts >> Overview:  Film Directors

Gay, lesbian, and bisexual film directors have been a vital creative presence in cinema since the medium's inception over one hundred years ago.

literature >> Barnes, Djuna

American novelist Djuna Barnes sought new forms of self-representation of lesbians in the face of society's compulsory heterosexuality.

arts >> Mann, Erika

Writer, actress, and intellectual refugee from the Third Reich, Erika Mann was one of the twentieth century's most intriguing nonconformists, noted especially for her anti-fascist cabaret satire.

literature >> Mann, Klaus

Klaus Mann's vision of homosexuality is marked by loneliness and alienation, and his fiction is characterized by melancholic hopelessness.

literature >> Mann, Thomas

One of Germany's greatest twentieth-century authors, Thomas Mann encoded his own homosexuality in his novels but thought that homosexuality led to the destruction of social institutions and the death of the individual homosexual.

literature >> Stein, Gertrude

In addition to becoming--with Alice B. Toklas--half of an iconic lesbian couple, Gertrude Stein was an important innovator and transformer of the English language.


Jezebel Productions. Website:

Van Gelder, Lawrence. "Paris Was a Woman." New York Times (November 8, 1996). C4.

Weiss, Andrea. Violets and Vampires: Lesbians in Film. New York: Penguin, 1993.


    Citation Information
    Author: Hunn, Deborah  
    Entry Title: Weiss, Andrea  
    General Editor: Claude J. Summers  
    Publication Name: glbtq: An Encyclopedia of Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual,
Transgender, and Queer Culture
    Publication Date: 2002  
    Date Last Updated August 16, 2005  
    Web Address  
    Publisher glbtq, Inc.
1130 West Adams
Chicago, IL   60607
    Today's Date  
    Encyclopedia Copyright: © 2002-2006, glbtq, Inc.  
    Entry Copyright © 2002, glbtq, Inc.  


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