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Wells, Cady (1904-1954)  
 
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Henry Cady Wells was a notable painter, patron of the arts, and activist citizen of the Santa Fe and Taos art colonies. When Wells settled in New Mexico in 1932, he became part of a thriving community of (and straight) writers, artists, and patrons of the arts that included writer Myron Brinig, poets Witter Bynner and Spud Johnson, painter Georgia O'Keeffe, and arts patron Mabel Dodge Luhan.

Primarily self-taught, Wells developed first a regional and then a national reputation for his watercolor paintings, some 400 of which he created during his short career, which spans the years 1932 to 1954.

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During the Great Depression, Wells provided philanthropy for artists, as well as for his Hispanic neighbors, while also supporting the careers of gay composer David Diamond (who dedicated a chamber orchestra piece to him) and dancer/choreographer Martha Graham.

Wells's donation of some 200 carved and painted wooden folk saints (Santos) to the Museum of New Mexico in 1952 formed one of the core collections of the Museum of International Folk Art and the Museum of Spanish Colonial Arts in Santa Fe.

A child of wealth and privilege, Wells was born on November 15, 1904, to a family that built the American Optical Company in Southbridge, Massachusetts, and later founded Sturbridge Village, a living history museum of pre-industrial colonial New England.

Wells was the family rebel, dropping out of five boarding schools and never fitting into any of the scenarios that his conservative Republican family had planned for him. Instead, both he and his younger (also gay) brother Mason devoted their lives to the arts.

Cady's father sent him to the Evans School in Arizona in the mid-1920s, hoping that ranch life would make him more manly. Instead, Wells fell in love with the desert and mountain landscapes of the Southwest and began to paint.

The young Cady Wells was conflicted about his sexuality and contemptuous of "fairies," the category into which he seems to have been placed by some of his tormenting peers. In Santa Fe, he would find a place where he could be gay and accepted.

Wells tried a number of occupations in the late 1920s before taking a tour to Japan, China, and Bali in 1932. Passing through northern New Mexico on his return, he decided to study painting with Santa Fe's most famous modernist painter, Andrew Dasburg.

Under Dasburg's tutelage, Wells produced vibrant expressionist watercolors of the mountains and mesas that show the influence of Asian art, as well as his training as a classical musician.

In 1933, Wells met the Jewish-American writer Myron Brinig, who became his lover. They parted ways in 1935, when Wells spent two months in Japan studying ink brush techniques. On his return, Wells bought property in Jacona, some twenty miles north of Santa Fe, where he created a compound that became one of the central social gathering spots for the arts communities and visiting celebrities.

In 1935 and 1936, Wells began to develop a series of highly original works that reflected his fascination with the darker rituals and legends embedded in the fabric of New Mexico's history and landscape, as well as with the Santos he collected. These included the lay brotherhood of the Penitentes, who observed their Hispanic folk Catholicism in closed moradas (meeting places), and who practiced self-flagellation during their Easter services.

Like other gay artists of his time, particularly Seattle painter Morris Graves, Wells used a coded language to express wounds that were both deeply personal, and--during and after World War II--responsive to the global horrors unleashed by the war. The blood reds, dark browns, and acid greens of his religiously themed and landscape paintings stand apart from any of the work done by his New Mexico modernist contemporaries.

In 1941, at age 36, Wells volunteered for the U.S. Army. Deployed in Germany during the last nine months of the war, he made aerial topographical maps, which would have a profound impact on his style after the war. Traumatized by the violence and death he witnessed, he returned home in 1945 to discover that neighboring Los Alamos (twelve miles from his home) had created the atomic bomb.

The labs expanded their work on nuclear weapons after the war, and often detonated conventional bombs several times a day, which sometimes shook the rafters of Wells's home, and sent what he described as mushroom-shaped clouds over his beloved mesas.

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Cady Wells. Photograph by Philippe Halsman / © Halsman Archive.
  
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