glbtq: an encyclopedia of gay, lesbian, bisexual, transgender & queer culture
social sciences
special features
about glbtq


   member name
   Forgot Your Password?  
Not a Member Yet?  

  Advertising Opportunities
  Permissions & Licensing
  Terms of Service
  Privacy Policy






Alpha Index:  A-B  C-F  G-K  L-Q  R-S  T-Z

Subjects:  A-B  C-E  F-L  M-Z

Wu, Alice (b. 1970)  

Filmmaker Alice Wu broke ground with her first feature-length motion picture, Saving Face (2004), a multi-generational portrait of Chinese-American women who transgress traditional sexual taboos. Wu describes the film as a "lesbian romantic comedy of manners that's half in Mandarin Chinese," and then adds, "What are the chances?"

Wu was born in San Jose, California on April 21, 1970, the only child of Mandarin-speaking parents who had immigrated from Taiwan. A reader of science fiction and fantasy from an early age, Wu told one interviewer, "When I grew up, I never thought a Chinese kid could be a writer. That was before Amy Tan." She graduated from Los Altos High School at age 16.

Though drawn to writing, Wu heeded her community's conventional wisdom to prepare for a practical career. She earned a B.A. in Computer Science from Stanford in 1990, followed by an M.A. in 1992. She moved to Seattle and became a program manager for Microsoft's Cinemania and Music Central CD-ROMs.

Wu began working on Saving Face as a novel during company downtime. When she realized it would work better as a movie, she took a 12-week screenwriting class at the University of Washington and generated the first draft of the script.

At age 28, with encouragement from her instructor, Wu quit her programming job and moved to Brooklyn to learn how independent films are made. She enrolled in Alan Oxman's film editing program and set a five-year deadline for herself to turn her script into a movie.

In 2001 her script won a screenwriting award from the Coalition of Asian Pacifics in Entertainment. This award garnered the attention of Hollywood executives who urged Wu to change key elements (such as the ethnicity and sexual orientation of the characters) to make the script more marketable. She refused.

The script acquired a champion in Teddy Zee, president of Will Smith's Overbrook Entertainment company. Zee admired Wu's determination to remain true to the film's origins, but also recognized its universality regarding family dynamics and lined up Overbrook's support for the project. Wu insisted on directing her own script.

Meanwhile, Wu directed Trick or Treat (2002), a surreal short film about the acculturation of a Chinese immigrant couple, and served as editor of S. Casper Wong's short film Shirts and Skins (2002), about the interactions of a Chinese man and a Chinese-American woman at a corporate Diversity Day meeting.

But Saving Face provided Wu the first opportunity to tell the story that had preoccupied her for so long. The film debuted to an enthusiastic response at the Sundance and Toronto Film Festivals in 2005.

Set in the Flushing district of Queens ("Planet China" to its younger residents), the film's milieu is the late twentieth-century wave of Chinese immigration. Wu carefully scripted its blend of Mandarin and English dialogue to reflect authentic discourse between the generations of Chinese in America, and enlisted her mother as a language consultant.

Wu's protagonist Wil (Michelle Krusiec), a surgeon, attends weekly Chinese socials to placate the matchmaking attempts of her widowed mother, "Ma" (Joan Chen), but instead falls in love with Vivian (Lynn Chen), a ballet dancer. Wil is an overachiever whose self-imposed perfectionism is challenged by the awkwardness of love. To complicate things further, Vivian is the daughter of Wil's boss.

Meanwhile, the mother's out-of-wedlock midlife pregnancy results in banishment from her father's home. Ma moves in with Wil and sublimates her hopes in soap operas and Chinese erotic videos. The film's role reversal is both comic and poignant as Wil sets up a series of ill-fated dates for her mother with what eligible Chinese bachelors she can find. As Ma gradually grows into her own self-confidence, she must further adjust her expectations as the true nature of Wil's friendship with Vivian becomes evident.

"Saving Face" is a double entendre, since the face provides vocations for both daughter and mother, Wil as a reconstructive surgeon and Ma as a beautician. Says Wu, "The film was a love letter to my mother after I saw her being ostracized by her Chinese immigrant community. . . . I wrote Saving Face to say no matter what your sexuality, love can start at any point in life you want it to."

Wu, who acknowledged her own lesbianism at 19, drew episodes such as the mother's initial reaction to the daughter's coming out and their eventual reconciliation from her own life. (Actress Krusiec says that she learned her character by studying Wu's mannerisms.)

Wu employs a skillful mix of visual metaphors and story elements. The young lovers eye one another through clothing store shelves, their glimpses fragmented and tentative. Vivian--the dancer--teaches Wil how to fall safely. The elder spectators at the Chinese socials provide an engaging Greek chorus who reiterate the community's expected protocols. As an in-joke for Mandarin speakers, when Wil comes out to her mom the characters in the background soap opera are yelling, "Ma, let me in!"

A bus ride following a climactic wedding scene is a playful nod to Mike Nichols' The Graduate (1967). The mother-daughter reconciliation takes place under a masterful framing by a 1960s-vintage archway. Wu acknowledges Pedro Almodovar's influence in her use of color, especially noticeable in the lighting of the hospital and playground encounters.

Wu's satire is knife-edged but nevertheless encompasses a loving respect for customary Chinese-American relationships. She characterizes Saving Face as "the journey that this woman goes through to better understand her mother's heart, and that ultimately allows her to understand her own."

The success of Saving Face has established Wu as a darling of the independent film scene. Her distinctive voice and vision in that film promises a distinguished career.

Wu's second major project, a feature-length film, Foreign Babes in Beijing, based on a memoir by actress Rachel DeWoskin, was announced, but never actually went into production.

Ruth M. Pettis


zoom in
Alice Wu discusses Saving Face in a video broadcast on YouTube.
Contact Us
Join the Discussion
Related Entries
More Entries by this contributor
A Bibliography on this Topic

Citation Information
More Entries about The Arts
Popular Topics:

Social Sciences

Stonewall Riots
Stonewall Riots

Gay Liberation Front

The Sexual Revolution, 1960-1980
The Sexual Revolution, 1960-1980

Leather Culture

Anthony, Susan B.
Anthony, Susan B.

Africa: Sub-Saharan, Pre-Independence



Computers, the Internet, and New Media



   Related Entries
arts >> Overview:  Film

Since cinema began, Hollywood has been fascinated with finding ways of representing homosexuality.

arts >> Overview:  Film Directors

Gay, lesbian, and bisexual film directors have been a vital creative presence in cinema since the medium's inception over one hundred years ago.

arts >> Overview:  Film Festivals

The queer film festival circuit came into its own in the early 1990s and has since burgeoned into a major international phenomenon.

arts >> Overview:  New Queer Cinema

Independent films that aggressively assert homosexual identity and queer culture, the New Queer Cinema can be seen as the culmination of several developments in American cinema.

arts >> Overview:  Screenwriters

Although film may be a director's rather than a writer's medium, gay and lesbian screenwriters have made significant contributions to both mainstream and independent film.

arts >> Almodóvar, Pedro

Spanish director Pedro Almodóvar's gay and transsexual themed films present absurd situations framed by the trappings of everyday life.

arts >> Wong, B. D.

Asian-American actor B. D. Wong came to prominence with his extraordinary performance in M. Butterfly and has since established himself as a talented character actor in film and television and as a champion of glbtq causes.


Bernstein, Kate. "The Women of Sundance 2005." The Independent Film & Video Monthly 28:2 (March 2005): 18-22.

Bolonik, Kera. "Message to Mom: For Her New Lesbian Romantic Comedy, Saving Face, Out Filmmaker Alice Wu Draws on Her Own Life." The Advocate 940 (June 7, 2005): 64-65.

Cheng, Scarlet. "Traditional? No Way. The Script: A Chinese American Lesbian Torn by Love and Duty. Alice Wu's Been There." Los Angeles Times (May 27, 2005): E-8.

Hill, Logan. "Debut Director Alice Wu." New York 38.20 (June 6, 2006): 65.

Leibowitz, Ed. "Kissing Vivian Shing." New York Times (May 29, 2005): 2-13; "Corrections: For the Record." New York Times (June 12, 2005): 2-6.

Miyasaki, Jenny. "Alice Wu on Saving Face." Curve (September 2005)

Shapiro, Gregg. "Interview with Saving Face's Alice Wu and Joan Chen." (May 26, 2005):

von Busack, Richard. "Face time." (May 25-31, 2005):

Wu, Alice, dir. Saving Face. Videodisc, 98 min. Culver City, Calif.: Sony Pictures Home Entertainment, 2005.


    Citation Information
    Author: Pettis, Ruth M.  
    Entry Title: Wu, Alice  
    General Editor: Claude J. Summers  
    Publication Name: glbtq: An Encyclopedia of Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual,
Transgender, and Queer Culture
    Publication Date: 2006  
    Date Last Updated February 26, 2012  
    Web Address  
    Publisher glbtq, Inc.
1130 West Adams
Chicago, IL   60607
    Today's Date  
    Encyclopedia Copyright: © 2002-2006, glbtq, Inc.  
    Entry Copyright © 2006 glbtq, Inc.  


This Entry Copyright © 2006 glbtq, Inc. is produced by glbtq, Inc., 1130 West Adams Street, Chicago, IL   60607 glbtq™ and its logo are trademarks of glbtq, Inc.
This site and its contents Copyright © 2002-2006, glbtq, Inc.  All Rights Reserved.
Your use of this site indicates that you accept its Terms of Service.