Female impersonation need say nothing about sexual identity, but it has for a long time been almost an institutionalized aspect of gay male culture.
Although sparse in images documenting the gay community, pre-Stonewall gay male photography blurs the boundaries between art, erotica, and social history.
Given the historic stigma around making, circulating, and possessing overtly homoerotic images, the visual arts have been especially important for providing a socially sanctioned arena for depicting the naked male body and suggesting homoerotic desire.
Independent films that aggressively assert homosexual identity and queer culture, the New Queer Cinema can be seen as the culmination of several developments in American cinema.
Renowned photographer, teacher, critic, editor, and curator, Minor White created some of the most interesting photographs of male nudes of the second half of the twentieth century, but did not exhibit them for fear of scandal.
The first international fashion superstar, Halston dressed and befriended some of America's most glamorous women.
An artistic movement that grew out of Dadaism and flourished in Europe shortly after World War I, Surrealism embraced the idea that art was an expression of the subconscious.
Film, stage, and television actor Paul Winfield was openly gay in his private life, but maintained public silence about his homosexuality.
In a new video released by the American Foundation for Equal Rights (AFER), Matt Baume explains the cases in which the Supreme Court of the United States has previously ruled that marriage is a fundamental right. AFER is the sponsor of the Proposition 8 case that, along with several cases challenging the Defense of Marriage Act (DOMA) and a case from Arizona involving domestic partner benefits, is currently pending before the Supreme Court.
The Supreme Court has scheduled a conference for November 30, 2012 to decide whether it will hear the gay-related cases that have been petitioned for review. Most observers believe that the Court will accept at least one of the DOMA cases for review. Less certain is whether it will grant review to the Proposition 8 case or the Arizona case.
It is expected that the Supreme Court will announce which cases have been accepted for review by December 3, 2012. The cases that are accepted for review will probably be argued in the spring and the decisions handed down in June 2013.
If the Supreme Court refuses to grant certiorari (or review) to the Proposition 8 case, then same-sex marriages could resume in California within days of the announcement.
However, there is a distinct possibility that the Prop 8 and Arizona cases will be held over until the DOMA case(s) that the Court accepts is decided in June.
In his new video, Baume reviews the Supreme Court's previous rulings on marriage. The high court has ruled on marriage some 14 times, in cases that involve a wide range of issues, including parenting, divorce, reproduction, and housing. Collectively, these rulings have clearly established that marriage is a fundamental freedom.
The question is whether the Court will extend this fundamental freedom to gay and lesbian couples.