The works of García Lorca, internationally recognized as Spain's most prominent lyric poet and dramatist of the twentieth century, are filled with thinly veiled homosexual motifs and themes.
There has always been homosexual involvement in American musical theatre and a homosexual sensibility even in straight musicals, and recently the Broadway musical has welcomed openly homosexual themes and situations.
Best known for his genius in art and architecture, Michelangelo was also an accomplished author of homoerotic poetry.
The African-American gay male literary tradition consists of a substantial body of texts and includes some of the most gifted writers of the twentieth century.
Combining elements of incongruity, theatricality, and exaggeration, camp is a form of humor that helps homosexuals cope with a hostile environment.
Langston Hughes, whose literary legacy is enormous and varied, was closeted, but homosexuality was an important influence on his literary imagination, and many of his poems may be read as gay texts.
James Baldwin, a pioneering figure in twentieth-century literature, wrote sustained and articulate challenges to American racism and mandatory heterosexuality.
Oscar Wilde is important both as an accomplished writer and as a symbolic figure who exemplified a way of being homosexual at a pivotal moment in the emergence of gay consciousness.
In a new video released by the American Foundation for Equal Rights (AFER), Matt Baume explains the cases in which the Supreme Court of the United States has previously ruled that marriage is a fundamental right. AFER is the sponsor of the Proposition 8 case that, along with several cases challenging the Defense of Marriage Act (DOMA) and a case from Arizona involving domestic partner benefits, is currently pending before the Supreme Court.
The Supreme Court has scheduled a conference for November 30, 2012 to decide whether it will hear the gay-related cases that have been petitioned for review. Most observers believe that the Court will accept at least one of the DOMA cases for review. Less certain is whether it will grant review to the Proposition 8 case or the Arizona case.
It is expected that the Supreme Court will announce which cases have been accepted for review by December 3, 2012. The cases that are accepted for review will probably be argued in the spring and the decisions handed down in June 2013.
If the Supreme Court refuses to grant certiorari (or review) to the Proposition 8 case, then same-sex marriages could resume in California within days of the announcement.
However, there is a distinct possibility that the Prop 8 and Arizona cases will be held over until the DOMA case(s) that the Court accepts is decided in June.
In his new video, Baume reviews the Supreme Court's previous rulings on marriage. The high court has ruled on marriage some 14 times, in cases that involve a wide range of issues, including parenting, divorce, reproduction, and housing. Collectively, these rulings have clearly established that marriage is a fundamental freedom.
The question is whether the Court will extend this fundamental freedom to gay and lesbian couples.