Although few gay actors have been permitted the luxury of openness, many of them have challenged and helped reconfigure notions of masculinity and, to a lesser extent, of homosexuality.
Lesbian actresses have played a significant role in Hollywood, but their contributions have rarely been recognized or spoken of openly; the "lavender marriage" is by no means a relic of the past.
Considering the unique set of problems facing lesbians who want to produce erotic art for the enjoyment of other lesbians, it is remarkable that so much lesbian erotica has been produced in so brief a time.
Olympian Brian Orser, known for both his athleticism and artistry, led a resurgence of Canada as a force to be reckoned with in men's figure skating; after being outed in a palimony suit, he has become an advocate for glbtq rights.
Although American gay film icon Brad Davis has been described as "the first heterosexual actor to die of AIDS," he was widely known as bisexual within the entertainment community.
Handsome, athletic, graceful, and charismatic, actor Errol Flynn was widely rumored to enjoy sexual relations with men as well as women.
In nineteenth-century America men who loved other men often suffered from guilt, but artists such as Winslow Homer and Thomas Eakins celebrated male camaraderie and affection, while expatriate John Singer Sargent depicted the dandy, and photographs documented male friendships.
An artistic movement that grew out of Dadaism and flourished in Europe shortly after World War I, Surrealism embraced the idea that art was an expression of the subconscious.
In a new video released by the American Foundation for Equal Rights (AFER), Matt Baume explains the cases in which the Supreme Court of the United States has previously ruled that marriage is a fundamental right. AFER is the sponsor of the Proposition 8 case that, along with several cases challenging the Defense of Marriage Act (DOMA) and a case from Arizona involving domestic partner benefits, is currently pending before the Supreme Court.
The Supreme Court has scheduled a conference for November 30, 2012 to decide whether it will hear the gay-related cases that have been petitioned for review. Most observers believe that the Court will accept at least one of the DOMA cases for review. Less certain is whether it will grant review to the Proposition 8 case or the Arizona case.
It is expected that the Supreme Court will announce which cases have been accepted for review by December 3, 2012. The cases that are accepted for review will probably be argued in the spring and the decisions handed down in June 2013.
If the Supreme Court refuses to grant certiorari (or review) to the Proposition 8 case, then same-sex marriages could resume in California within days of the announcement.
However, there is a distinct possibility that the Prop 8 and Arizona cases will be held over until the DOMA case(s) that the Court accepts is decided in June.
In his new video, Baume reviews the Supreme Court's previous rulings on marriage. The high court has ruled on marriage some 14 times, in cases that involve a wide range of issues, including parenting, divorce, reproduction, and housing. Collectively, these rulings have clearly established that marriage is a fundamental freedom.
The question is whether the Court will extend this fundamental freedom to gay and lesbian couples.