The confrontations between police and demonstrators at the Stonewall Inn in New York City the weekend of June 27-29, 1969 mark the beginning of the modern glbtq movement for equal rights.
Formed soon after the Stonewall Riots of 1969, the short-lived but influential Gay Liberation Front brought a new militancy to the movement that became known as gay liberation.
The sexual revolution of post-World War II America changed sexual and gender roles profoundly.
"Leather" is a blanket term for a large array of sexual preferences, identities, relationship structures, and social organizations loosely tied together by the thread of what is conventionally understood as sadomasochistic sex.
Although best known for her crusade for women's suffrage, Susan B. Anthony spoke out on a range of feminist issues.
With reports from hundreds of sub-Saharan African locales of male-male sexual relations and from about fifty of female-female sexual relations, it is clear that same-sex sexual relations existed in traditional African societies, though varying in forms and in the degree of public acceptance
Androgyny, a psychological blending of gender traits, has long been embraced by strong women, soft men, members of queer communities, and others who do not easily fit into traditionally defined gender categories.
A cultural crossroads between Asia and Europe, Russia has a long, rich, and often violent heritage of varied influences and stark confrontations in regard to its patterns of same-sex love.
A three judge panel of the Eleventh Circuit Court of Appeals has rejected the claim of Jennifer Keeton that her First Amendment rights were violated when Augusta State University required her to treat glbtq people in a respectful and nondiscriminatory way.
Keeton was expelled from a counseling education program at Augusta State University when she refused to abide by requirements that all clients, including gay people, be treated in supportive, nonjudgmental ways. She insisted that her religious beliefs would be violated were she to adhere to the counseling program's policy against recommending "reparative therapy" to gay and lesbian clients.
The three-judge panel of one of the country's most conservative appeals court ruled that the university had legitimate, nondiscriminatory reasons to enforce its rules. The counseling program's accreditation depended in part on adhering to a code of conduct that prohibits discrimination, and faculty members believed it was their responsibility to train students to work with a wide range of clients.
"Just as a medical school would be permitted to bar a student who refused to administer blood transfusions for religious reasons from participating in clinical rotations, so ASU may prohibit Keeton from participating in its clinical practicum if she refuses to administer the treatment it has deemed appropriate," the court ruled.
"Every profession has its own ethical codes and dictates. When someone voluntarily chooses to enter a profession, he or she must comply with its rules and ethical requirements. Lawyers must present legal arguments on behalf of their clients, notwithstanding their personal views. . . . So too, counselors must refrain from imposing their moral and religious views on their clients."
The panel rejected the allegation that the university was intent on altering Keeton's personal religious beliefs. Indeed, the appeals court ruled that it is Keeton who wants to impose her religious beliefs on others. And in seeking permission to do so, "Keeton is looking for preferential, not equal, treatment."
Read more about the case in Scott Jaschik's article at Inside Higher Education: Anti-Gay Student's Suit Rejected.
The decision itself may be found here: 201013925.pdf.
A similar suit, this one against Eastern Michigan University, is on appeal in the sixth circuit.