Straight men who have sex with men do so for a number of reasons, but in general such activity is about physical release and sexual behaviors, not about attraction or desire for another man.
Transgender people--more specifically, people who were born male but present themselves as female--are Brazil's single most marginalized group.
Although best known for her crusade for women's suffrage, Susan B. Anthony spoke out on a range of feminist issues.
Cross-dressers have often been misunderstood and maligned, especially in societies with rigid gender roles.
The homosexuality of Frederick the Great of Prussia was an open secret during his reign, yet some historians have attempted to deny it or to diminish its significance.
Butch-femme identities are controversial and difficult to define with precision, but both roles subvert prescribed gender and sexual expectations; ultimately, the butch-femme dynamic is a unique way of living and loving.
Compulsory heterosexuality is the assumption that women and men are innately attracted to each other emotionally and sexually and that heterosexuality is universal, a view that leads to an institutional inequality of power that privileges heterosexual males and denigrates women, especially lesbians.
The lesbian "sex wars" of the 1980s, centered on issues of pornography and s/m, constituted one of the most significant debates among second-wave feminists in North America and Europe.
In announcing his decision not to stand for re-election, Frank said that after his district was recently redrawn, it became clear that he would have to campaign harder than he wanted for re-election. Although he had intended to serve one more term, he changed his mind after seeing his redrawn district, which would give him more than 300,000 new constituents and would not include some areas that have supported him most strongly.
Frank said a potentially tough re-election battle would have distracted him from his policy priorities, such as pushing for federal deficit reduction to include cuts in military spending and continuing to advocate for changes in the financial industry.
Observing that he has "the longest uncompleted Ph.D. thesis in Harvard history haunting" him, he said that he hoped to teach and write in the coming years.
Upon learning of Frank's decision not to seek re-election, President Obama issued this statement: "This country has never had a Congressman like Barney Frank, and the House of Representatives will not be the same without him. For over 30 years, Barney has been a fierce advocate for the people of Massachusetts and Americans everywhere who needed a voice. He has worked tirelessly on behalf of families and businesses and helped make housing more affordable. He has stood up for the rights of LGBT Americans and fought to end discrimination against them. And it is only thanks to his leadership that we were able to pass the most sweeping financial reform in history designed to protect consumers and prevent the kind of excessive risk-taking that led to the financial crisis from ever happening again. Barney's passion and his quick wit will be missed in the halls of Congress, and Michelle and I join the people of the Bay State in thanking him for his years of service."
In 1987, Frank became the first U.S. Congressman to voluntarily come out as gay when, in response to a question posed by a Boston Globe reporter, he acknowledged his homosexuality. The acknowledgment was met with overwhelming support from his constituents, who re-elected him with 70% of the vote.
He survived a scandal in 1989 when Stephen Gobie, a hustler and convicted felon, who had worked as Frank's housekeeper and driver for two years beginning in 1985, claimed that Frank knew that he had been running a prostitution ring out of his townhouse, a charge that Frank vehemently denied.
As a result of an investigation into the Gobie affair, in 1990 Frank was reprimanded by the House of Representatives, but survived votes calling for his expulsion and his censure.
In another incident that made the news, Frank was slandered by House Majority Leader Dick Armey, who referred to him as "Barney Fag."
But Frank was known for giving as good as he got. When asked if he wanted an apology from Armey, he quipped, "I'm trying to think of what I would be less interested in than an apology from Dick Armey--maybe the lyrics to the national anthem of Bhutan."
He recently described Republican Presidential candidate Newt Gingrich, who has denied being a lobbyist, as "both a lobbyist and a liar."
After the passage of the bill that led to the repeal of "Don't Ask, Don't Tell," Frank responded to social conservatives who accused him of pushing a "radical homosexual agenda." Here is his explanation of the "radical homosexual agenda":
During his retirement announcement Frank could not resist taking a swipe at Newt Gingrich and the Defense of Marriage Act (DOMA):