With reports from hundreds of sub-Saharan African locales of male-male sexual relations and from about fifty of female-female sexual relations, it is clear that same-sex sexual relations existed in traditional African societies, though varying in forms and in the degree of public acceptance
The confrontations between police and demonstrators at the Stonewall Inn in New York City the weekend of June 27-29, 1969 mark the beginning of the modern glbtq movement for equal rights.
A social role for individuals who crossed or mixed male and female characteristics was one of the most widely distributed institutions of native North America.
The sexual revolution of post-World War II America changed sexual and gender roles profoundly.
Mixed-orientation marriages--those in which one partner is straight and the other is gay or lesbian--often end in divorce, but such an ending is not inevitable.
"Leather" is a blanket term for a large array of sexual preferences, identities, relationship structures, and social organizations loosely tied together by the thread of what is conventionally understood as sadomasochistic sex.
Since the late nineteenth century, transgendered people have advocated legal and social reforms that would ameliorate the kinds of oppression and discrimination they suffer.
Formed soon after the Stonewall Riots of 1969, the short-lived but influential Gay Liberation Front brought a new militancy to the movement that became known as gay liberation.
Equal rights campaigner Peter Tatchell.
After the U.K.'s House of Commons voted in favor of the equal marriage bill by a margin of 400 to 175 on February 5, 2013, Britons celebrated the victory. While some newspapers attempted to construe the vote as a defeat for Prime Minister Cameron, who was unable to persuade a majority of his Conservative MPs to vote in favor of the bill, the fact remains that the vote was overwhelming.
Writing in PinkNews, equal rights campaigner Peter Tatchell described the vote as "a resounding, historic victory for love and equality. It has brought joy and hope to tens of thousands of same-sex couples who love each other and who want to get married."
He added, "We are on the cusp of ending the last major legal discrimination against gay people. This vote for equal marriage is the culmination of the struggle for homosexual equality that I and others began in the 1960s. We are nearly there."
A vigil outside Parliament turned into a great celebration when the lop-sided tally was announced.
However, James Howarth, a campaigner with the Peter Tatchell Foundation, struck a note of caution: "The opponents of same-sex marriage are a vociferous homophobic minority, mostly motivated by irrational religious dogma. They want to maintain heterosexual privilege in law; putting tradition before dignity, fairness, equality and compassion.
"They are resorting to smears and scare tactics, including the unfounded claims that same-sex marriage will be forced on religious institutions and that it is the slippery slope to legalising polygamy and incest. These are revolting slurs, unworthy of any genuine person of faith."
He said that "The fact that some senior politicians and churchmen believe same-sex couples are unworthy of marriage is proof that homophobia is still an acceptable prejudice at the highest levels of society. Their support for discrimination in marriage law gives comfort to bigots everywhere."
While caution is advisable as the bill continues its passage into law, there is also reason to celebrate.
In the video below, Labour MP David Lammy speaks during the debate on the marriage bill in the House of Commons and declares that "separate but equal" is a fraud.
The video below, from Britain's Channel 4 News, places the equal marriage vote in historical perspective. (Thanks to Joe Jervis.)