With reports from hundreds of sub-Saharan African locales of male-male sexual relations and from about fifty of female-female sexual relations, it is clear that same-sex sexual relations existed in traditional African societies, though varying in forms and in the degree of public acceptance
The confrontations between police and demonstrators at the Stonewall Inn in New York City the weekend of June 27-29, 1969 mark the beginning of the modern glbtq movement for equal rights.
A social role for individuals who crossed or mixed male and female characteristics was one of the most widely distributed institutions of native North America.
The sexual revolution of post-World War II America changed sexual and gender roles profoundly.
Mixed-orientation marriages--those in which one partner is straight and the other is gay or lesbian--often end in divorce, but such an ending is not inevitable.
"Leather" is a blanket term for a large array of sexual preferences, identities, relationship structures, and social organizations loosely tied together by the thread of what is conventionally understood as sadomasochistic sex.
Since the late nineteenth century, transgendered people have advocated legal and social reforms that would ameliorate the kinds of oppression and discrimination they suffer.
Formed soon after the Stonewall Riots of 1969, the short-lived but influential Gay Liberation Front brought a new militancy to the movement that became known as gay liberation.
As Uruguay's House of Representatives resoundingly voted in favor of legislation authorizing same-sex marriage on April 10, 2013, cheers erupted from the packed galleries of the ornate chamber. The 71-21 tally in the House was on a bill that reconciled some minor differences between the version approved by the Senate on April 2 and the one approved by the House in December 2012. The bill becomes law 90 days after President José Mujica signs it. Uruguay is the twelfth country that has authorized same-sex marriage nation-wide.
When same-sex weddings in Uruguay commence in July, it will be the second country in South America--after its neighbor, Argentina--to provide equal marriage rights to all its same-sex couples.
Mexican gay and lesbian couples have been able to marry in Mexico City since 2010, while a recent ruling by the country's high court legalized same-sex marriage in Oaxaca and promises to establish marriage equality nationally there as well.
Same-sex couples in Colombia will automatically receive full marriage rights in June if the country's lawmakers do not act upon a court ruling that orders them to legislate the matter. Colombia's Senate is considering a measure that would legalize nuptials for gays and lesbians, though the legislation is not expected to pass.
Same-sex marriages are recognized throughout Brazil, but in only ten of its 27 states may same-couples marry at registry offices in the same way that opposite-sex couples do. In the other states, they must petition courts to recognize their "stable unions" as marriages.
Uruguay has been in the vanguard of progressive social change in South America. In 2008, it became the first Latin American country to adopt a national civil union law, the Ley de Unión Concubinaria. The law permits both same-sex and opposite-sex couples to enter into a civil union after living together for at least five years. Couples in civil unions are entitled to most of the benefits that married couples are afforded, including social security entitlements, inheritance rights, and joint ownership of goods and property. In addition, same-sex couple are permitted joint adoption rights.
The video below documents the cheers and chants that erupted when the results of the vote was announced on April 10, 2013.
The news report below explains the struggle to achieve marriage equality in Uruguay.