The works of García Lorca, internationally recognized as Spain's most prominent lyric poet and dramatist of the twentieth century, are filled with thinly veiled homosexual motifs and themes.
There has always been homosexual involvement in American musical theatre and a homosexual sensibility even in straight musicals, and recently the Broadway musical has welcomed openly homosexual themes and situations.
Best known for his genius in art and architecture, Michelangelo was also an accomplished author of homoerotic poetry.
The African-American gay male literary tradition consists of a substantial body of texts and includes some of the most gifted writers of the twentieth century.
Combining elements of incongruity, theatricality, and exaggeration, camp is a form of humor that helps homosexuals cope with a hostile environment.
Langston Hughes, whose literary legacy is enormous and varied, was closeted, but homosexuality was an important influence on his literary imagination, and many of his poems may be read as gay texts.
James Baldwin, a pioneering figure in twentieth-century literature, wrote sustained and articulate challenges to American racism and mandatory heterosexuality.
Oscar Wilde is important both as an accomplished writer and as a symbolic figure who exemplified a way of being homosexual at a pivotal moment in the emergence of gay consciousness.
A photograph of Daniel Zamudio appears on a memorial banner.
On April 4, 2012, in the wake of the death of a young gay man who was tortured by neo-Nazis, Chile's Congress has passed an anti-discrimination law. In a 58-56 vote, the House of Deputies approved the legislation, which was passed by the Senate in November. The bill is supported by President Sebastian Pinera, who urged legislators to approve it after 24-year-old Daniel Zamudio died on March 27.
Zamudio's death came more than three weeks after he was brutally assaulted. He was tortured for over an hour by assailants who carved swastikas into his body. As the Associated Press reports, the incident set off a national debate about hate crimes in Chile.
Zamudio, a clothing store salesman, was attacked in a park in Santiago on March 3. Four suspects--some of whom have criminal records for previous assaults on gay men--have been arrested and face various charges, including murder.
Rolando Jiminez, leader of Chile's Gay Liberation and Integration Movement, has called for the suspects also to be charged with torture.
Following Zamudio's death, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights called on Chile to pass new laws against hate crimes and discrimination.
The Roman Catholic Church and some Protestant churches opposed the anti-discrimination law, saying it could be a first step toward same-sex marriage, which Chile forbids and which is not explicitly included in the measure.
The law describes as illegal discrimination "any distinction, exclusion or restriction that lacks reasonable justification, committed by agents of the state or individuals, and that causes the deprivation, disturbance or threatens the legitimate exercise of fundamental rights."
The law was first proposed seven years ago.
Chile's reaction to the death of Zamudio is reminiscent of the reaction of the United States to the murder of Matthew Shepard in 1998.
The video clip below reports on Zamudio's funeral.
In the video below, friends react to the death of Daniel Zamudio.