The sexual revolution of post-World War II America changed sexual and gender roles profoundly.
With reports from hundreds of sub-Saharan African locales of male-male sexual relations and from about fifty of female-female sexual relations, it is clear that same-sex sexual relations existed in traditional African societies, though varying in forms and in the degree of public acceptance
In British law, Section 28 of the Local Government Act, enforced from 1988 until 2003, prohibited the promotion of homosexuality and teaching the acceptability of homosexuality as a "pretended family relationship".
The Hijras--men who dress and act like women--have been a presence in India for generations, maintaining a third-gender role that has become institutionalized through tradition.
The dominant ideology among politicized lesbians during the 1970s and 1980s, Lesbian Feminism was based on the premise that lesbianism and feminism were inextricably linked.
Harvey Milk, among the first openly gay man to be elected to public office in the United States, was assassinated in San Francisco's City Hall, making him the American gay liberation movement's most visible martyr.
By the early twentieth-century, YMCAs had become popular havens for men who sought sex with other men.
Compulsory heterosexuality is the assumption that women and men are innately attracted to each other emotionally and sexually and that heterosexuality is universal, a view that leads to an institutional inequality of power that privileges heterosexual males and denigrates women, especially lesbians.
Cynthia Nixon (left) with Christine Marinoni.
Actress Cynthia Nixon and education activist Christine Marinoni were wed in New York on May 27, 2012. The couple lobbied tirelessly on behalf of marriage equality in the state. Indeed, they announced their engagement three years ago at a rally to support marriage equality.
Nixon and Marinoni were brought together by their shared interest in the welfare of children and in public education. Nixon's dedication to improving public education in New York led her to become involved with the non-profit Alliance for Quality Education in 2004. Through her membership in the organization, she met Marinoni, the AQE's New York director, and the two women fell in love.
In February 2011, Marinoni gave birth to the couple's son, Max Ellington Nixon-Marinoni. Nixon has two children from her previous marriage to photographer Danny Mozes.
Nixon, a Tony Award-winning actress and Broadway veteran, is best known for her role as Miranda Hobbes in the television and film versions of Sex in the City, for which she won an Emmy Award and shared a Screen Actors Guild Award for ensemble acting.
She was the center of a firestorm in January 2012, when in an interview in the New York Times, she asserted that for her at least, homosexuality "is a choice." The assertion led to a sometimes heated and occasionally uncivil discussion in the gay blogosphere focused on the question of whether sexual orientation is genetic and whether sexual orientation is fluid, as well as on the differences between choice and orientation and between homosexuality and bisexuality.
After much pushback, Nixon issued an apology. A discussion of the controversy may be found here.
In the video below, Nixon accepts the 2010 Vito Russo Award from the Gay and Lesbian Alliance Against Defamation.