The sexual revolution of post-World War II America changed sexual and gender roles profoundly.
With reports from hundreds of sub-Saharan African locales of male-male sexual relations and from about fifty of female-female sexual relations, it is clear that same-sex sexual relations existed in traditional African societies, though varying in forms and in the degree of public acceptance
In British law, Section 28 of the Local Government Act, enforced from 1988 until 2003, prohibited the promotion of homosexuality and teaching the acceptability of homosexuality as a "pretended family relationship".
The Hijras--men who dress and act like women--have been a presence in India for generations, maintaining a third-gender role that has become institutionalized through tradition.
The dominant ideology among politicized lesbians during the 1970s and 1980s, Lesbian Feminism was based on the premise that lesbianism and feminism were inextricably linked.
Harvey Milk, among the first openly gay man to be elected to public office in the United States, was assassinated in San Francisco's City Hall, making him the American gay liberation movement's most visible martyr.
By the early twentieth-century, YMCAs had become popular havens for men who sought sex with other men.
Compulsory heterosexuality is the assumption that women and men are innately attracted to each other emotionally and sexually and that heterosexuality is universal, a view that leads to an institutional inequality of power that privileges heterosexual males and denigrates women, especially lesbians.
Congratulations to Jason Goldberg and Christian Schoenherr, who in honor of their marriage on August 18, 2012 are donating $100,000 to assist in the marriage equality referenda in Maine, Maryland, Washington, and Minnesota. The couple are also using the occasion of their wedding to encourage their friends and family to make donations to the cause of equality.
As Frank Bruni reports in his blog in the New York Times, Goldberg and Schoenherr are celebrating their wedding at a fashionable Manhattan restaurant, where roughly 100 guests "will dine on lobster, squab and hen-of-the-woods mushrooms," but the couple want their wedding "to be remembered less for its sumptuousness than for its social impact."
As a wedding gift to each other, they have donated $100,000 to a new effort to assist November marriage-equality referenda in Maryland, Washington, Maine, and Minnesota. They have told their friends and relatives that donating to the cause "would be the best wedding gift anyone could ever give."
As Bruni observes, "the couple's actions highlight just how much energy and concern the November referendums are stirring up among gays, lesbians and their advocates. The couple's actions also speak to just how many people are joining the fight in creative, personal ways."
Although we have never won same-sex marriage at the ballot box, recent polls in Maryland, Maine, Washington, and Minnesota suggest that we can win in those states in November.
Key to winning will be the turnout of young voters, and the effort backed by Goldberg and Schoenherr is directed at younger voters. Their project, called "The Four 2012," intends to create various kinds of digital content to be spread across social media. They plan to create a website to collect and display videos, documentary shorts, testimonials, etc. and use that as a platform from which to spread them into cyberspace.
A graduate of Emory University and the Stanford University Graduate School of Business, Goldberg worked for the Clinton White House from 1993 to 1998, the final two years as senior aide to Erskine Bowles, White House Chief of Staff. He has spearheaded several social media startups and is founder and CEO of Fab.com, which sells furniture, art, jewelry, home decor, and apparel online.
In the video below, Goldberg is interviewed about Fab.com by Sara Eisen on Bloomberg Television's "Money Moves." Fab.com is the world's fastest growing e-commerce site, having grown from 175,000 members at launch in June 2011 to more than 6 million in August 2012.