The confrontations between police and demonstrators at the Stonewall Inn in New York City the weekend of June 27-29, 1969 mark the beginning of the modern glbtq movement for equal rights.
Formed soon after the Stonewall Riots of 1969, the short-lived but influential Gay Liberation Front brought a new militancy to the movement that became known as gay liberation.
The sexual revolution of post-World War II America changed sexual and gender roles profoundly.
"Leather" is a blanket term for a large array of sexual preferences, identities, relationship structures, and social organizations loosely tied together by the thread of what is conventionally understood as sadomasochistic sex.
Although best known for her crusade for women's suffrage, Susan B. Anthony spoke out on a range of feminist issues.
With reports from hundreds of sub-Saharan African locales of male-male sexual relations and from about fifty of female-female sexual relations, it is clear that same-sex sexual relations existed in traditional African societies, though varying in forms and in the degree of public acceptance
Androgyny, a psychological blending of gender traits, has long been embraced by strong women, soft men, members of queer communities, and others who do not easily fit into traditionally defined gender categories.
A cultural crossroads between Asia and Europe, Russia has a long, rich, and often violent heritage of varied influences and stark confrontations in regard to its patterns of same-sex love.
Jason Pickel (left) and Darren Black Bear.
Congratulations to Jason Pickel and Darren Black Bear, who have received a marriage license from the Cheyenne-Arapaho Tribe in Concho, Oklahoma. The couple was planning to travel to Iowa to marry because Oklahoma's 2004 constitutional amendment limits marriage to opposite-sex couples. However, when they discovered that the tribe, of which Black Bear is a member, would be happy to issue them a license, they decided to marry in Oklahoma within the tribe's jurisdiction. Black Bear's father, a preacher, will officiate at the ceremony scheduled for Halloween night.
Rosemary Stephens, editor in chief of the Tribal Tribune, a newspaper owned by the tribe, said the tribe's marriage ordinance does not specify gender. "One of them has to be a member of this tribe but not both," Stephens said. "It's our tribal law and order code. It doesn't address gender at all."
Moreover, Pickel and Black Bear are not the first same-sex couple whose marriage the tribe has licensed. Lisa Liebl, spokeswoman for the tribe, told Tulsa World that the first couple was two men who married on December 12, 2012. She added that a third couple received a marriage license on October 7. Pickel and Black Bear were just the first who were willing to go public with their marriage plans, she said.
Pickel and Black Bear have been a couple for nine years. They live in Oklahoma City.
Black Bear told Jennifer Luong of Oklahoma City television station KOKH that his father has always fought for civil rights and equality and that is why they wanted him to marry them. He added that his father had only one request: for Blackbear and Pickel to write their own wedding vows.
As Pickel and Blackbear finalize last minute wedding details, leaders in Oklahoma's glbtq community say that their marriage makes a big statement.
"It certainly creates an environment for people that come behind them to follow suit," said Scott J. Hamilton, Director of the Cimarron Alliance.
Hamilton says Pickel and Blackbear's marriage also draws attention to the fight for marriage equality in Oklahoma, where a federal lawsuit challenging the state's ban on same-sex marriage has gained momentum following the United States Supreme Court ruling in Windsor v. U.S.A., which declared the Defense of Marriage Act unconstitutional.
The Cheyenne-Arapaho Tribe is not alone among Indian tribes in licensing same-sex marriage. In March, I blogged about the wedding of Tim LaCroix and Gene Barfield, who were the first same-sex couple to marry in Michigan, when their wedding was performed under the Little Traverse Bay Bands of Odawa Indians marriage statute.
The Coquille Tribe of Oregon and the Suquamish Tribe of Washington also include same-sex marriage in their sovereign governmental laws.
The marriage of Jason Pickel and Darren Black Bear will not be recognized by the state of Oklahoma, but it will be by the federal government.
The video below, from KOKH television, profiles the happy couple.