Although gay, lesbian, and queer theory are related practices, the three terms delineate separate emphases marked by different assumptions about the relationship between gender and sexuality.
The Harlem Renaissance, an African-American literary movement of the 1920s and 1930s, included several important gay and lesbian writers.
Oscar Wilde is important both as an accomplished writer and as a symbolic figure who exemplified a way of being homosexual at a pivotal moment in the emergence of gay consciousness.
Langston Hughes, whose literary legacy is enormous and varied, was closeted, but homosexuality was an important influence on his literary imagination, and many of his poems may be read as gay texts.
Conflicted over his own sexuality, Tennessee Williams wrote directly about homosexuality only in his short stories, his poetry, and his late plays.
Erotic and pornographic works have been written in many cultures since ancient times and recently have flourished with the relaxation of censorship.
Feminist literary theory is a complex, dynamic area of study that draws from a wide range of critical theories.
James Baldwin, a pioneering figure in twentieth-century literature, wrote sustained and articulate challenges to American racism and mandatory heterosexuality.
J.D. McClatchy (left) and Chip Kidd.
Congratulations to poet J.D. McClatchy and book designer Charles "Chip" Kidd, who were married on November 1. 2013 at the Manhattan Marriage Bureau in New York. James Mitchell, a staff member of the City Clerk's office, officiated.
McClatchy, an acclaimed poet, is an adjunct professor of English at Yale and the editor in chief of The Yale Review. In addition to numerous books of poetry, he is also author of opera libretti, including ones for Tobias Picker's Dolores Claiborne and Bernard Rands' Vincent. From 2009 to 2011, he was the president of the American Academy of Arts and Letters. He is also editor of The Vintage Book of Contemporary American Poetry.
Kidd is the associate art director of book jacket design at Alfred A. Knopf, in which capacity he has been credited with having revolutionized the art of book design. He is also the editor at large of graphic novels at Pantheon Books and the author of several books about comics, as well as Batman: Death By Design, a graphic novel.
In his glbtq.com entry on McClatchy, Christopher Hennessy described his work as "combining the intelligence of W.H. Auden and the linguistic virtuosity of James Merrill with a unique ability to mine his memories and experiences to create emotional honesty."
Kidd has received praise for a recent how-to guide to graphic design for children, GO! A Kidd's Guide To Graphic Design. In a New York Times Q&A about the book, he says, "I was utterly floored [when an editor wrote me about the book idea]. I said: 'I don't know anything about kids. I don't know how to talk to them effectively. I don't have them. I don't even like them. This puts me out of my comfort zone. And so I'll give it a shot.'"
In the video below, McClatchy discusses his libretto for the opera Vincent.
In the video below, a TED Talk from 2012, Kidd wittily discusses the art of book design.