Although gay, lesbian, and queer theory are related practices, the three terms delineate separate emphases marked by different assumptions about the relationship between gender and sexuality.
The Harlem Renaissance, an African-American literary movement of the 1920s and 1930s, included several important gay and lesbian writers.
Oscar Wilde is important both as an accomplished writer and as a symbolic figure who exemplified a way of being homosexual at a pivotal moment in the emergence of gay consciousness.
Langston Hughes, whose literary legacy is enormous and varied, was closeted, but homosexuality was an important influence on his literary imagination, and many of his poems may be read as gay texts.
Conflicted over his own sexuality, Tennessee Williams wrote directly about homosexuality only in his short stories, his poetry, and his late plays.
Erotic and pornographic works have been written in many cultures since ancient times and recently have flourished with the relaxation of censorship.
Feminist literary theory is a complex, dynamic area of study that draws from a wide range of critical theories.
James Baldwin, a pioneering figure in twentieth-century literature, wrote sustained and articulate challenges to American racism and mandatory heterosexuality.
Congratulations to artist Joan Snyder and Judge Margaret Ellen Cammer, who were wed in Brooklyn in a ceremony conducted in the backyard of their home on June 10, 2012.
According to the New York Times, Cammer retired recently as an acting State Supreme Court justice in Brooklyn. Until 2000, she was the supervising judge of the Manhattan Civil Court and the deputy administrative judge of the New York City Civil Court. She now works as a judicial hearing officer in Manhattan and Brooklyn.
Snyder is a painter and printmaker whose works are in the collections of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, the Museum of Modern Art, and the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, among many others. A retrospective of her work, Dancing With the Dark: Joan Snyder Prints, 1963-2010, has been touring the country for the past year and will open at the University of New Mexico Art Museum in September.
In her glbtq.com entry on Snyder, Ruth Pettis observes that the artist "has given modern Expressionism a vigorous infusion of feminist purpose. Through restless successions of style and media, she demonstrates that there is such a thing as a female artistic sensibility."
Pettis describes Snyder's signature approach to the making of art as "Expressionist bravado tempered with sardonic irony."
Both widely exhibited and increasingly recognized as a leading American contemporary artist, Snyder is one of the most significant Expressionists of her generation.
In the video below, Snyder's work is explained on the occasion of her recognition as a distinguished alumna of Rutgers University.
In the following video, Snyder reflects on her being named a MacArthur Fellow in 2007.