Although gay, lesbian, and queer theory are related practices, the three terms delineate separate emphases marked by different assumptions about the relationship between gender and sexuality.
The Harlem Renaissance, an African-American literary movement of the 1920s and 1930s, included several important gay and lesbian writers.
Oscar Wilde is important both as an accomplished writer and as a symbolic figure who exemplified a way of being homosexual at a pivotal moment in the emergence of gay consciousness.
Langston Hughes, whose literary legacy is enormous and varied, was closeted, but homosexuality was an important influence on his literary imagination, and many of his poems may be read as gay texts.
Conflicted over his own sexuality, Tennessee Williams wrote directly about homosexuality only in his short stories, his poetry, and his late plays.
Erotic and pornographic works have been written in many cultures since ancient times and recently have flourished with the relaxation of censorship.
Feminist literary theory is a complex, dynamic area of study that draws from a wide range of critical theories.
James Baldwin, a pioneering figure in twentieth-century literature, wrote sustained and articulate challenges to American racism and mandatory heterosexuality.
Scott Gill (left) and John Barrowman.
Congratulations to television and musical theater star John Barrowman and his architect husband Scott Gill, who married in California on July 2, 2013. The couple, who have been together for 20 years, entered into a civil partnership in the United Kingdom in 2006, but decided to marry following the Supreme Court's rulings that permitted the resumption of same-sex marriages in California and struck down the Defense of Marriage Act.
Barrowman announced the news in two brief video clips posted on his WhoSay account.
Barrowman is a native Scotsman who was reared in the United States and first found fame in London's West End. An accomplished actor and singer, he has won plaudits as a musical theater star and concert performer as well as for his roles in film and television, especially Doctor Who and Torchwood. As a singer, he is especially known for his extremely skillful interpretations of the works of Cole Porter, Andrew Lloyd Webber, and Stephen Sondheim.
As Linda Rapp points out in her glbtq.com entry on him, Barrowman is unusual among actors for having been completely honest about his sexuality from the very beginning of his show business career. As he told Gay Times interviewer Rupert Smith in 2004, "There's a received idea that being openly gay in the TV industry will limit your ability to get work, but I decided early on that I wouldn't hide anything. If you lie about yourself, then people are going to work very hard to expose that lie. If you're honest, it's not an issue and you can just get on with your life. . . . As far as the public goes, they see me playing different characters, some straight, some gay. They can make their own assumptions."
Ironically, Barrowman lost one coveted television role because he was perceived as "too straight." He was turned down for the role of Will in the NBC sitcom Will and Grace. Heterosexual actor Eric McCormack was cast in the role.
The couple's ideas about marriage have evolved since they entered into a civil partnership. Then Barrowman disliked the use of the word marriage for gay unions because, he said, "It's something that has the connotation of religion, and religion is something that hates or dislikes gay people. . . . Why would I want to have a word like that connected with me and Scott?"
The BBC Wales clip below from 2006 reports on the couple's civil partnership.
The fan video below presents numerous images of Barrowman and Gill set to Barrowman's rendition of "Time after Time."