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Popular Topics in Social Sciences
Africa: Sub-Saharan, Pre-Independence
With reports from hundreds of sub-Saharan African locales of male-male sexual relations and from about fifty of female-female sexual relations, it is clear that same-sex sexual relations existed in traditional African societies, though varying in forms and in the degree of public acceptance
 
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Congratulations
 
Congratulations to Olympic Medalists Judith Arndt, Carl Hester, and Edward Gal
Posted by: Claude J. Summers on 08/08/12
Last updated on: 08/08/12
 
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Equestrian Carl Hester demonstrates dressage.

Congratulations to out Olympians Judith Arndt, Carl Hester, and Edward Gal on winning medals at the 2012 London Olympic Games.

As Jean Ann Esselink reports at The New Civil Rights Movement, Arndt, a cyclist from Germany, became the first of the 23 out athletes to win a medal at the 2012 Olympics when on August 1, 2012 she won the silver in Women's Cycling Time Trials, finishing with a time of 37:50:29, less than 15 seconds behind American Kristin Armstrong who took the gold.

As a twenty-year-old Arndt won silver for the 3000 Meter Pursuit at the 1996 Summer Olympics in Atlanta. She also won a bronze in Road Race at the Athens Olympics in 2004.

On August 7, 2012, equestrians Carl Hester and Edward Gal won medals in the team dressage competition.

Earning record Olympic scores, Hester led his teammates on Great Britain's team to the country's first gold medal in dressage.

Hester grew up on the tiny Channel island of Sark, where there were no cars. Equines provided the transportation, and Hester got his start in the sport by riding on donkeys and ponies. He enjoyed early success in dressage by winning the 1985 Young Dressage Rider Championship. In 1992, he became the youngest rider ever to represent the United Kingdom in the Olympics.

Hester also competed on the British dressage teams at the 2000 and 2004 Olympics but met with disappointment in 2008, when both of his top horses had injuries during the season and so could not qualify.

As Linda Rapp observes in her glbtq.com entry on Olympic Equestrians, Hester is a popular figure in the British horse world. He is much admired for the elegance of his riding style and respected as a first-rate trainer. In addition to giving lessons, he has co-authored several books and produced instructional videos to help others learn to excel at the sport he loves.

Edward Gal and his colleagues won the bronze medal for the Netherlands.

Gal and his mount won three gold medals at the 2010 FEI World Equestrian Games, becoming the first horse-rider partnership ever to sweep the three available dressage gold medals at a single FEI World Games.

In the video below, Carl Hester explains dressage.

The video below features Edward Gal training his mare.

The video below profiles Judith Arndt.

 
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