The works of García Lorca, internationally recognized as Spain's most prominent lyric poet and dramatist of the twentieth century, are filled with thinly veiled homosexual motifs and themes.
There has always been homosexual involvement in American musical theatre and a homosexual sensibility even in straight musicals, and recently the Broadway musical has welcomed openly homosexual themes and situations.
Best known for his genius in art and architecture, Michelangelo was also an accomplished author of homoerotic poetry.
The African-American gay male literary tradition consists of a substantial body of texts and includes some of the most gifted writers of the twentieth century.
Combining elements of incongruity, theatricality, and exaggeration, camp is a form of humor that helps homosexuals cope with a hostile environment.
Langston Hughes, whose literary legacy is enormous and varied, was closeted, but homosexuality was an important influence on his literary imagination, and many of his poems may be read as gay texts.
James Baldwin, a pioneering figure in twentieth-century literature, wrote sustained and articulate challenges to American racism and mandatory heterosexuality.
Oscar Wilde is important both as an accomplished writer and as a symbolic figure who exemplified a way of being homosexual at a pivotal moment in the emergence of gay consciousness.
On October 13, 2011, on a vote of 48 to 44, the U.S. Senate confirmed the nomination of Alison Nathan to serve as a federal district judge in the Southern District of New York. When she is sworn in, Nathan will become the second openly lesbian judge on the federal bench.
Nathan is the second of four openly gay or lesbian nominees sent by President Obama to the Senate for confirmation to win approval. In July, the Senate confirmed the nomination of J. Paul Ontken, also to the Southern District of New York. Awaiting confirmation are Michael Fitzpatrick and Edward DuMont.
Nathan was opposed by Republican Senator Jeff Sessions of Alabama, who described her as an "activist judge." She was defended by Democratic Senator Charles Schumer of New York, who had recommended her appointment to President Obama.
Joe Solomonese of the Human Rights Campaign hailed Nathan's confirmation, saying that "Ms. Nathan's demonstrated intellect and dedication to public service is a model of achievement. She will join Judges Deborah Batts and Paul Oetken in the Southern District of New York as the only openly lesbian or gay federal judges. We look forward to the day when the makeup of the entire federal bench truly represents the diverse American public."
Nathan, who is a counselor to the New York State Solicitor General, served as a special assistant to President Obama and clerked for retired U.S. Supreme Court Justice John Paul Stevens. She and her partner, law professor Meg Satterthwaite, are parents of twin sons.