Female impersonation need say nothing about sexual identity, but it has for a long time been almost an institutionalized aspect of gay male culture.
Although sparse in images documenting the gay community, pre-Stonewall gay male photography blurs the boundaries between art, erotica, and social history.
Given the historic stigma around making, circulating, and possessing overtly homoerotic images, the visual arts have been especially important for providing a socially sanctioned arena for depicting the naked male body and suggesting homoerotic desire.
Independent films that aggressively assert homosexual identity and queer culture, the New Queer Cinema can be seen as the culmination of several developments in American cinema.
Renowned photographer, teacher, critic, editor, and curator, Minor White created some of the most interesting photographs of male nudes of the second half of the twentieth century, but did not exhibit them for fear of scandal.
The first international fashion superstar, Halston dressed and befriended some of America's most glamorous women.
An artistic movement that grew out of Dadaism and flourished in Europe shortly after World War I, Surrealism embraced the idea that art was an expression of the subconscious.
Film, stage, and television actor Paul Winfield was openly gay in his private life, but maintained public silence about his homosexuality.
Ambassador James "Wally" Brewster.
Congratulations to U.S. Ambassador Wally Brewster and his husband Box Satawake, who have issued a stunning video celebrating glbtq pride to the people of the Dominican Republic. In "A Message in Light of LGBT Pride Month," Ambassador Brewster and Satawake express their own pride and encourage the recognition of the human rights of gay people throughout the world, including the Dominican Republic. "Isn't it time to stop hating?" ask the couple.
Brewster was nominated as U.S. Ambassador to the Dominican Republic by President Obama on June 22, 2013.
Prior to his appointment, he was the Senior Managing Partner for SB&K Global, a brand strategy and consumer dynamics consulting firm based in Chicago. Before starting SB&K Global in 2010, he was an Officer and Senior Vice President of Marketing and Corporate Communications with General Growth Properties (GGP), a real estate investment trust headquartered in Chicago. Prior to joining GGP in 1996, he worked in management at several real estate companies in Texas.
Brewster has served as a National LGBT Co-Chair for the Democratic National Committee and on the Board of the Human Rights Campaign.
On November 22, 2013, Brewster was sworn in as U.S. Ambassador to the Dominican Republic by Vice President Joe Biden. Just a few hours later, Brewster married his long time partner, Bob J. Satawake. The ceremony and reception took place at the Hay-Adams Hotel, overlooking the South Lawn of the White House.
Since then, Ambassador Brewster and his husband have taken up residence in Santo Domingo. They were greeted with unvarnished homophobia by some, including the Dominican Republic's highest ranking Catholic official, Cardinal Nicolás de Jesús López Rodríguez, who referred to Brewster as a "maricón." Nevertheless, they have persevered in a country that criminalizes homosexuality and constitutionally bans same-sex marriage.
Indeed, as noted in the Blabbeando website, which first called attention to the new video, "Since his nomination to the diplomatic post Brewster has weathered constant attacks from conservative and religious fundamentalists in the United States and the Dominican Republic and, in response, he has not shied away from engaging those attacks head on with dignity and, as this powerful video shows, strength."
The new video, however, is not the first in which Brewster has spoken openly of his relationship with his husband. In a video posted on November 26, 2013 on the U.S. Embassy website, Ambassador Brewster not only introduced himself to the people of the Dominican Republic, but he also introduced his husband.
"My spouse, Bob, and I have traveled the world, from the far reaches of Asia to the stunning coastlines of southern Europe," Brewster said. Then Satawake added, "But we always return to the beauty of the Dominican Republic."
In that video, Ambassador Brewster also pointedly noted, "My parents taught me that all people deserve respect, dignity, love and opportunity. They also instilled in me a strong belief in God, and the values of love and tolerance. Bob and I bring those beliefs and values with us as we come to the Dominican Republic. We are both thrilled to be coming back to our second home."
Below is Brewster's introductory video.
Below is the new video in which Ambassador Brewster and his husband send a message of glbtq pride to the people of Santa Domingo.
Brewster is among eight openly gay men who have been appointed U.S. Ambassadors.
The others are Daniel Baer (Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe), John Berry (Australia), James Costos (Spain), Rufus Gifford (Denmark), and David Huebner (New Zealand), all of whom were appointed by President Obama; James C. Hormel, who was appointed Ambassador to Luxembourg by President Bill Clinton in 1999 in a "recess appointment" after the Senate refused to act on his 1997 nomination; and Michael E. Guest, who was appointed Ambassador to Romania by President George W. Bush in 2001.