Although gay, lesbian, and queer theory are related practices, the three terms delineate separate emphases marked by different assumptions about the relationship between gender and sexuality.
The Harlem Renaissance, an African-American literary movement of the 1920s and 1930s, included several important gay and lesbian writers.
Oscar Wilde is important both as an accomplished writer and as a symbolic figure who exemplified a way of being homosexual at a pivotal moment in the emergence of gay consciousness.
Langston Hughes, whose literary legacy is enormous and varied, was closeted, but homosexuality was an important influence on his literary imagination, and many of his poems may be read as gay texts.
Conflicted over his own sexuality, Tennessee Williams wrote directly about homosexuality only in his short stories, his poetry, and his late plays.
Erotic and pornographic works have been written in many cultures since ancient times and recently have flourished with the relaxation of censorship.
Feminist literary theory is a complex, dynamic area of study that draws from a wide range of critical theories.
James Baldwin, a pioneering figure in twentieth-century literature, wrote sustained and articulate challenges to American racism and mandatory heterosexuality.
Belinda Carlisle and James Duke Mason.
It is an axiom that one of the most effective ways of building support for glbtq rights is by gay people coming out to their families and friends. When their families and friends are celebrities, that support is magnified. Hence, the celebrity parents of gay children often become accidental activists as do their children. Among this group are pop singer Belinda Carlisle and her son actor James Duke Mason.
Sally Field's moving speech in support of her gay son Sam Griesman at the Human Rights Campaign's National Dinner in October 2012 brought attention to the importance of straight allies and to the need for family support. Similarly, the unwavering support of celebrities like Barbra Streisand, Warren Beatty and Annette Bening, and Cher for their children Jason Gould, Stephen Ira Beatty, and Chaz Bono have also made eloquent statements about family and acceptance. Brenda Carlisle has joined this group simply by being willing to tell the story of her son's coming out.
Carlisle gained fame in the early 1980s as the lead vocalist of the Go-Go's, one of the most successful all-female bands of all time. The group helped usher New Wave music into popular American radio. It was the first all-female band who wrote their own music and played their own instruments to ever achieve a No. 1 album, Beauty and the Beat. The Go-Go's sold more than seven million albums in just three years.
Carlisle later went on to have a successful solo career with hits such as "Mad About You," "I Get Weak," "Circle in the Sand," "Leave a Light On," and "Heaven Is a Place on Earth," among others.
She became an accidental glbtq activist when her son James Duke Mason came out at the age of 14 in 2006. Carlisle soon began speaking out on behalf of equal rights and has performed for a number of Pride festivals, including Los Angeles and Milwaukee.
James Duke Mason is the son of Carlisle and film producer Morgan Mason, and the grandson of the late British actor James Mason. He is an actor and in 2011 launched a YouTube "Trailblazer Project" to encourage entertainers to come out.
On January 8, 2014, Carlisle appeared with her handsome and articulate son at the First Congregational Church of Bakersfield, California at an event sponsored by PFLAG. At the event Carlisle and Mason recounted his coming out process and the role PFLAG played in it.
Thanks to Box Turtle Bulletin, below are two videos documenting the dialogue between mother and son.
Below is a video Mason made on behalf of his "Trailblazer" campaign.