The works of García Lorca, internationally recognized as Spain's most prominent lyric poet and dramatist of the twentieth century, are filled with thinly veiled homosexual motifs and themes.
There has always been homosexual involvement in American musical theatre and a homosexual sensibility even in straight musicals, and recently the Broadway musical has welcomed openly homosexual themes and situations.
Best known for his genius in art and architecture, Michelangelo was also an accomplished author of homoerotic poetry.
The African-American gay male literary tradition consists of a substantial body of texts and includes some of the most gifted writers of the twentieth century.
Combining elements of incongruity, theatricality, and exaggeration, camp is a form of humor that helps homosexuals cope with a hostile environment.
Langston Hughes, whose literary legacy is enormous and varied, was closeted, but homosexuality was an important influence on his literary imagination, and many of his poems may be read as gay texts.
James Baldwin, a pioneering figure in twentieth-century literature, wrote sustained and articulate challenges to American racism and mandatory heterosexuality.
Oscar Wilde is important both as an accomplished writer and as a symbolic figure who exemplified a way of being homosexual at a pivotal moment in the emergence of gay consciousness.
A 14-1 decision by the National Council of Justice announced on May 14, 2013 has extended marriage equality throughout Brazil. The decision requires registrars throughout the country to marry same-sex couples and to convert civil unions to full-fledged marriages without the need for judicial orders. Brazil thus has become the 14th--and most populous--nation to extend equal marriage rights to all its gay and lesbian citizens.
As reported by Mariana Oliveira in O Globo, the decision, written by the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court, gives effect to the landmark ruling of May 4, 2011. Then Brazil's highest court, on a 10-0 vote, with one abstention, ruled that partners in a "stable" same-sex union had the same legal rights as a heterosexual married couple. "Discrimination generates hatred," wrote Justice Carlos Ayres Britto.
The 2011 ruling meant that Brazilian same-sex couples are entitled to retirement, inheritance, and health benefits on the same basis as married couples, as well as other rights, including the right to adopt children.
In response to the landmark 2011 ruling, judges throughout the country began converting civil unions into full-fledged marriages, following an existing procedure for converting common-law marriages into legal marriages.
However, until the decision released on May 14, 2013, only in thirteen states and the Federal District were same-sex couples able to marry in registry offices without requiring judicial intervention. The states in which same-sex couples could marry in the same way as heterosexual couples encompassed more than 60% of the nation's population.
The decision issued on May 14, 2013 makes clear that notaries and other officials may not refuse to issue marriage licenses to same-sex couples. It comes as the result of a request for clarification by Congressman Jean Wyllys, who represents Rio in Brazil's House of Deputies.
In the video below, from 2011, Brazilian same-sex couples marry as a result of the Supreme Court's landmark ruling.