The sexual revolution of post-World War II America changed sexual and gender roles profoundly.
With reports from hundreds of sub-Saharan African locales of male-male sexual relations and from about fifty of female-female sexual relations, it is clear that same-sex sexual relations existed in traditional African societies, though varying in forms and in the degree of public acceptance
In British law, Section 28 of the Local Government Act, enforced from 1988 until 2003, prohibited the promotion of homosexuality and teaching the acceptability of homosexuality as a "pretended family relationship".
The Hijras--men who dress and act like women--have been a presence in India for generations, maintaining a third-gender role that has become institutionalized through tradition.
The dominant ideology among politicized lesbians during the 1970s and 1980s, Lesbian Feminism was based on the premise that lesbianism and feminism were inextricably linked.
Harvey Milk, among the first openly gay man to be elected to public office in the United States, was assassinated in San Francisco's City Hall, making him the American gay liberation movement's most visible martyr.
By the early twentieth-century, YMCAs had become popular havens for men who sought sex with other men.
Compulsory heterosexuality is the assumption that women and men are innately attracted to each other emotionally and sexually and that heterosexuality is universal, a view that leads to an institutional inequality of power that privileges heterosexual males and denigrates women, especially lesbians.
Congratulations to Brian Sims, who on April 24, 2012 won an election that will make him the first openly gay member of the Pennsylvania legislature. In a hotly contested Philadelphia election, Sims defeated incumbent Representative Babette Josephs, who was first elected to the seat in 1985. In the overwhelmingly Democratic district, Sims's primary victory is tantamount to election.
Sims, an attorney and civil rights advocate from Center City Philadelphia, has served as Staff Counsel for Policy and Planning at the Philadelphia Bar Association and recently stepped down as President of the Board of Directors of Equality Pennsylvania.
Chuck Wolfe, president of the Victory Fund, which endorsed Sims, hailed his victory. "LGBT Pennsylvanians will finally have a voice in their state legislature, and what a strong and unyielding voice it will be. We are thrilled for Brian, who ran a remarkable campaign."
At his victory celebration at Woody's bar in Center City, Sims said, "We were the second largest state to never elect an openly gay legislator. I'm excited to get to work."
Sims first gained national attention in 2000, when he came out to his Bloomsburg University football team after helping lead them to the Division II National Championship game as their captain. He remains the only former NCAA football captain to have ever come out, and is one of the most notable collegiate athletes to do so in any sport.
In this video from 2010, Sims tells the story of coming out as a football player.