Long-distance swimmer and respected sports commentator has in more recent years spoken out on issues of glbtq rights.
Indian playwright, screenwriter, dancer, director, and actor Mahesh Dattani is an important figure in South Asian gay culture by virtue of his recurrent depiction of queer characters.
Entertainer Josephine Baker achieved acclaim as the twentieth century's first international black female sex symbol, but kept carefully hidden her many sexual liaisons with women, which continued from adolescence to the end of her life.
American painter Paul Cadmus is best known for the satiric innocence of his frequently censored paintings of burly men in skin-tight clothes, but he also created works that celebrate same-sex domesticity.
San Francisco visual artist Jerome Caja is known for his small, sensuous combinations of found objects, which he painted with nail polish, makeup, and glitter, as well as for his drag performances.
Although sparse in images documenting the gay community, pre-Stonewall gay male photography blurs the boundaries between art, erotica, and social history.
Female impersonation need say nothing about sexual identity, but it has for a long time been almost an institutionalized aspect of gay male culture.
Given the historic stigma around making, circulating, and possessing overtly homoerotic images, the visual arts have been especially important for providing a socially sanctioned arena for depicting the naked male body and suggesting homoerotic desire.
In a surprise move by the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit on July 28, 2013, the stay on Judge Vaughn Walker's historic decision declaring Proposition 8 unconstitutional was lifted and same-sex marriages in California quickly resumed. The plaintiffs in the lawsuit challenging Proposition 8 in federal court were the first couples to be married.
Two days after the U.S. Supreme Court declared that the proponents of Proposition 8 lacked standing to appeal Judge Walker's decision, the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals lifted the stay on his order that invalidated Proposition 8.
Although the Ninth Circuit could have waited up to 25 days to act, Governor Jerry Brown had directed the state's 58 counties to resume issuing marriage licences to same-sex couples as soon as the stay was lifted.
After the Court's action on June 28, Brown declared that same-sex marriage "is now legal in California" and that marriage licenses must be issued "immediately."
The first same-sex marriage following the Court's action occurred in San Francisco just before 5:00 p.m. One of the two couples who challenged Prop. 8, Kris Perry and Sandy Stier, received their license at 4:15 p.m.
Attorney General Kamala Harris went to City Hall to perform the nuptials.
After Harris said, "I now declare you spouses for life," the hastily assembled crowd burst into raucous cheers.
"We've waited so long," Stier said. "It's a great day for us, for San Francisco, for the United States."
After the brief ceremony Harris said "this is about the long struggle for civil rights. I applaud the Ninth Circuit for acting so quickly."
The other plaintiffs in the landmark lawsuit, Paul Katami and Jeffrey Zarrillo, were married in Los Angeles an hour later by Mayor Villaraigosa.
In his declaration Friday, Governor Brown also said that registered domestic partners in California could be issued a marriage license. Additionally, he said that same-sex couples legally married in another jurisdiction "will be considered already legally married under California marriage licensing and certification laws and they should not be issued a new marriage license."
The resumption of same-sex marriage in the nation's largest state has energized the annual Pride celebrations in California and throughout the nation.