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Popular Topics in Social Sciences
Stonewall Riots Stonewall Riots
The confrontations between police and demonstrators at the Stonewall Inn in New York City the weekend of June 27-29, 1969 mark the beginning of the modern glbtq movement for equal rights.
Gay Liberation Front
Formed soon after the Stonewall Riots of 1969, the short-lived but influential Gay Liberation Front brought a new militancy to the movement that became known as gay liberation.
The Sexual Revolution, 1960-1980 The Sexual Revolution, 1960-1980
The sexual revolution of post-World War II America changed sexual and gender roles profoundly.
Leather Culture
"Leather" is a blanket term for a large array of sexual preferences, identities, relationship structures, and social organizations loosely tied together by the thread of what is conventionally understood as sadomasochistic sex.
Anthony, Susan B. Anthony, Susan B.
Although best known for her crusade for women's suffrage, Susan B. Anthony spoke out on a range of feminist issues.
Africa: Sub-Saharan, Pre-Independence
With reports from hundreds of sub-Saharan African locales of male-male sexual relations and from about fifty of female-female sexual relations, it is clear that same-sex sexual relations existed in traditional African societies, though varying in forms and in the degree of public acceptance
Androgyny Androgyny
Androgyny, a psychological blending of gender traits, has long been embraced by strong women, soft men, members of queer communities, and others who do not easily fit into traditionally defined gender categories.
A cultural crossroads between Asia and Europe, Russia has a long, rich, and often violent heritage of varied influences and stark confrontations in regard to its patterns of same-sex love.
Congratulations to California
Posted by: Claude J. Summers on 06/29/13
Last updated on: 06/29/13
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In a surprise move by the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit on July 28, 2013, the stay on Judge Vaughn Walker's historic decision declaring Proposition 8 unconstitutional was lifted and same-sex marriages in California quickly resumed. The plaintiffs in the lawsuit challenging Proposition 8 in federal court were the first couples to be married.

Two days after the U.S. Supreme Court declared that the proponents of Proposition 8 lacked standing to appeal Judge Walker's decision, the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals lifted the stay on his order that invalidated Proposition 8.

Although the Ninth Circuit could have waited up to 25 days to act, Governor Jerry Brown had directed the state's 58 counties to resume issuing marriage licences to same-sex couples as soon as the stay was lifted.

After the Court's action on June 28, Brown declared that same-sex marriage "is now legal in California" and that marriage licenses must be issued "immediately."

The first same-sex marriage following the Court's action occurred in San Francisco just before 5:00 p.m. One of the two couples who challenged Prop. 8, Kris Perry and Sandy Stier, received their license at 4:15 p.m.

Attorney General Kamala Harris went to City Hall to perform the nuptials.

After Harris said, "I now declare you spouses for life," the hastily assembled crowd burst into raucous cheers.

"We've waited so long," Stier said. "It's a great day for us, for San Francisco, for the United States."

After the brief ceremony Harris said "this is about the long struggle for civil rights. I applaud the Ninth Circuit for acting so quickly."

The other plaintiffs in the landmark lawsuit, Paul Katami and Jeffrey Zarrillo, were married in Los Angeles an hour later by Mayor Villaraigosa.

In his declaration Friday, Governor Brown also said that registered domestic partners in California could be issued a marriage license. Additionally, he said that same-sex couples legally married in another jurisdiction "will be considered already legally married under California marriage licensing and certification laws and they should not be issued a new marriage license."

The resumption of same-sex marriage in the nation's largest state has energized the annual Pride celebrations in California and throughout the nation.

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