The works of García Lorca, internationally recognized as Spain's most prominent lyric poet and dramatist of the twentieth century, are filled with thinly veiled homosexual motifs and themes.
There has always been homosexual involvement in American musical theatre and a homosexual sensibility even in straight musicals, and recently the Broadway musical has welcomed openly homosexual themes and situations.
Best known for his genius in art and architecture, Michelangelo was also an accomplished author of homoerotic poetry.
The African-American gay male literary tradition consists of a substantial body of texts and includes some of the most gifted writers of the twentieth century.
Combining elements of incongruity, theatricality, and exaggeration, camp is a form of humor that helps homosexuals cope with a hostile environment.
Langston Hughes, whose literary legacy is enormous and varied, was closeted, but homosexuality was an important influence on his literary imagination, and many of his poems may be read as gay texts.
James Baldwin, a pioneering figure in twentieth-century literature, wrote sustained and articulate challenges to American racism and mandatory heterosexuality.
Oscar Wilde is important both as an accomplished writer and as a symbolic figure who exemplified a way of being homosexual at a pivotal moment in the emergence of gay consciousness.
Congratulations to Assemblywoman Toni Atkins, an open lesbian who has been chosen to succeed openly gay John A. Pérez as Speaker of the California State Assembly. On January 22, 2014, Pérez announced that the Assembly's Democratic Caucus unanimously chose Atkins as the next Speaker. The Speaker of the Assembly is often regarded as the second most powerful position in California government.
Jeremy White reports in the Sacramento Bee that the announcement ends months of speculation about who would take over the leadership post once Pérez leaves office at the end of 2014.
In remarks following the announcement, Pérez emphasized that not a single member of the 55-member Democratic caucus dissented from the selection of Atkins. "It was unanimous going into the room, it was unanimous coming out of the room," Pérez said. "There was absolute unanimity . . . and excitement about having Ms. Atkins as the next speaker."
A formal vote will come some time in the spring, Pérez said. The timeline for Atkins formally taking over has not been fixed. "It's the work of transition that will dictate the timeline," he said.
Atkins will be the first open lesbian to lead either chamber of the California Legislature. Pérez is the first openly gay man to have led a chamber of the California Legislature.
In addition, Atkins will also be the first lawmaker from San Diego to become Speaker of the Assembly.
A native Virginian who earned a B.A. in political science from Emory and Henry College and later attended the John F. Kennedy School of Government at Harvard, Atkins moved to San Diego in 1985.
She was elected to the San Diego City Council in 2000 and re-elected in 2004. In 2005, she served for several months as Interim Mayor of San Diego.
She was first elected to the Assembly in 2010 and re-elected in 2012, when was chosen as Majority Leader of the Democratic Caucus.
She is one of eight members of the California Legislature's LGBT Caucus. Her district includes the highest concentration of glbtq residents in San Diego.
Atkins and her spouse Jennifer LeSar live with their two dogs in the South Park/Golden Hill section of San Diego.
In the video below, from June 26, 2013, Atkins joined Assembly Speaker John A. Pérez and others at a State Capitol news conference following the announcement from the Supreme Court of its decision to overturn California's Proposition 8, which banned same-sex marriage in the state.
"Today, equality for same sex couples became the law of the land for California and the other twelve states that have chosen marriage equality. It is a great day to be a Californian and a great day to be an American. The Supreme Court has now recognized that the federal government should not block gay and lesbian Americans from committing their lives to the person they love and have that commitment respected by society," said Atkins, who also recalled how deflated she and her spouse felt when Proposition 8 was passed.