Langston Hughes, whose literary legacy is enormous and varied, was closeted, but homosexuality was an important influence on his literary imagination, and many of his poems may be read as gay texts.
The writers of the Beat Generation, many of whom were gay or bisexual, endorsed gay rights as a part of their rebellion against inhibition and self-censorship.
The Comedy of Manners, which flourished on the Restoration stage, has been particularly amenable to twentieth-century gay male writers as a vehicle for social satire in both dramatic and nondramatic works.
Using his and his family's experiences, particularly his childhood in Raleigh, North Carolina, and his own wacky perspective on life, David Sedaris has become a world-famous humorist, comedian, writer, playwright, and radio personality.
From the great modernist writers of the 1920s and 1930s to the pulp writers of the 1950s to the lesbian writers of today, lesbian novelists have had a powerful impact on the lesbian community.
From its beginning, the nineteenth century in England had a purposeful homosexual literature of considerable bulk, both male and female, though it was fettered by oppression.
Persecuted for his homosexuality by the Castro government he had once championed, Cuban novelist, essayist, and poet Reinaldo Arenas challenged all types of ideological dogmatism.
Baudelaire was among the first French poets to include lesbians as subjects.
David Boies (left) and Theodore Olson. Photographs by David Shankbone.
On August 8, 2011, the American Bar Association bestowed its highest honor, the ABA Medal, on David Boies and Theodore Olson, lead counsel in the lawsuit challenging the constitutionality of California's Proposition 8. Boies and Olson, who opposed each other in the court case that decided the 2000 Presidential election, Gore v. Bush, were described by ABA president Stephen Zack as "forces of nature" when they work together. Zack noted that their work on the Proposition 8 case has changed the national dialogue on marriage equality.
The ABA Medal is awarded only in years when the ABA Board of Governors determines a nominee has provided exceptional and distinguished service to the law and the legal profession. Among previous recipients are legendary justices of the Supreme Court of the United States, including Oliver Wendell Holmes, Felix Frankfurter, Thurgood Marshall, William J. Brennan Jr., Sandra Day O'Connor, and Anthony Kennedy. The award to Boies and Olson is the first time the ABA Medal has been bestowed jointly on two attorneys.
Images of David Boies and Theodore Olson appear under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported license.