Female impersonation need say nothing about sexual identity, but it has for a long time been almost an institutionalized aspect of gay male culture.
Although sparse in images documenting the gay community, pre-Stonewall gay male photography blurs the boundaries between art, erotica, and social history.
Given the historic stigma around making, circulating, and possessing overtly homoerotic images, the visual arts have been especially important for providing a socially sanctioned arena for depicting the naked male body and suggesting homoerotic desire.
Independent films that aggressively assert homosexual identity and queer culture, the New Queer Cinema can be seen as the culmination of several developments in American cinema.
Renowned photographer, teacher, critic, editor, and curator, Minor White created some of the most interesting photographs of male nudes of the second half of the twentieth century, but did not exhibit them for fear of scandal.
The first international fashion superstar, Halston dressed and befriended some of America's most glamorous women.
An artistic movement that grew out of Dadaism and flourished in Europe shortly after World War I, Surrealism embraced the idea that art was an expression of the subconscious.
Film, stage, and television actor Paul Winfield was openly gay in his private life, but maintained public silence about his homosexuality.
David Boies (left) and Theodore Olson. Photographs by David Shankbone.
On August 8, 2011, the American Bar Association bestowed its highest honor, the ABA Medal, on David Boies and Theodore Olson, lead counsel in the lawsuit challenging the constitutionality of California's Proposition 8. Boies and Olson, who opposed each other in the court case that decided the 2000 Presidential election, Gore v. Bush, were described by ABA president Stephen Zack as "forces of nature" when they work together. Zack noted that their work on the Proposition 8 case has changed the national dialogue on marriage equality.
The ABA Medal is awarded only in years when the ABA Board of Governors determines a nominee has provided exceptional and distinguished service to the law and the legal profession. Among previous recipients are legendary justices of the Supreme Court of the United States, including Oliver Wendell Holmes, Felix Frankfurter, Thurgood Marshall, William J. Brennan Jr., Sandra Day O'Connor, and Anthony Kennedy. The award to Boies and Olson is the first time the ABA Medal has been bestowed jointly on two attorneys.
Images of David Boies and Theodore Olson appear under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported license.