Although few gay actors have been permitted the luxury of openness, many of them have challenged and helped reconfigure notions of masculinity and, to a lesser extent, of homosexuality.
Lesbian actresses have played a significant role in Hollywood, but their contributions have rarely been recognized or spoken of openly; the "lavender marriage" is by no means a relic of the past.
Considering the unique set of problems facing lesbians who want to produce erotic art for the enjoyment of other lesbians, it is remarkable that so much lesbian erotica has been produced in so brief a time.
Olympian Brian Orser, known for both his athleticism and artistry, led a resurgence of Canada as a force to be reckoned with in men's figure skating; after being outed in a palimony suit, he has become an advocate for glbtq rights.
Although American gay film icon Brad Davis has been described as "the first heterosexual actor to die of AIDS," he was widely known as bisexual within the entertainment community.
Handsome, athletic, graceful, and charismatic, actor Errol Flynn was widely rumored to enjoy sexual relations with men as well as women.
In nineteenth-century America men who loved other men often suffered from guilt, but artists such as Winslow Homer and Thomas Eakins celebrated male camaraderie and affection, while expatriate John Singer Sargent depicted the dandy, and photographs documented male friendships.
An artistic movement that grew out of Dadaism and flourished in Europe shortly after World War I, Surrealism embraced the idea that art was an expression of the subconscious.
A reveler cheers the decision of Uruguay's House of Representatives in April.
Congratulations to Uruguay, whose marriage equality law, which was passed overwhelmingly in April, has now gone into effect. On August 5, 2013 same-sex couples in Uruguay applied for marriage licenses in Montevideo and other locales throughout the country. The country's first same-sex marriage was conducted at a hospital where one of the spouses is suffering from cancer. The government waived the ten day waiting period because of the patient's terminal illness.
As Pablo Fernandez reports for the Associated Press, Lusia Salaberry, the civil registrar who officiated at the hospital wedding, described it as a "very emotional" and intimate ceremony. She did not identify the couple.
The first same-sex couple to register on August 5 was television producer Sergio Miranda and artist Rodrigo Borda, who have been partners for 14 years.
"This is an historic day for us and for the country," Borda said. "No longer will there be first- and second-class citizens. This will be seen in many countries where this option still isn't possible, and hopefully help people in those places live more freely."
"This will help so that many people can say, 'I went with my boyfriend to walk in the park,' and not have to invent that they have a girlfriend or something like that," Miranda said.
"There are people who constantly live a double-life," Borda added. "That's why we've made this so visible, to show that it can be done. We're in a country that has a very open mind right now--you can see it in the people and in the street."
Miranda and Borda said that U.S. Ambassador to Uruguay Julissa Reynoso is a friend who has been invited to their wedding.
Uruguay joins Canada and Argentina as nations in the Americas to have achieved marriage equality nationally through legislative action. Marriage equality is also available as a result of a combination of legislative and judicial action in all or parts of Brazil, Mexico, the United States, and Colombia.
The video below documents the cheers that erupted when Uruguay's House of Representatives passed the marriage equality bill in April.