The works of García Lorca, internationally recognized as Spain's most prominent lyric poet and dramatist of the twentieth century, are filled with thinly veiled homosexual motifs and themes.
There has always been homosexual involvement in American musical theatre and a homosexual sensibility even in straight musicals, and recently the Broadway musical has welcomed openly homosexual themes and situations.
Best known for his genius in art and architecture, Michelangelo was also an accomplished author of homoerotic poetry.
The African-American gay male literary tradition consists of a substantial body of texts and includes some of the most gifted writers of the twentieth century.
Combining elements of incongruity, theatricality, and exaggeration, camp is a form of humor that helps homosexuals cope with a hostile environment.
Langston Hughes, whose literary legacy is enormous and varied, was closeted, but homosexuality was an important influence on his literary imagination, and many of his poems may be read as gay texts.
James Baldwin, a pioneering figure in twentieth-century literature, wrote sustained and articulate challenges to American racism and mandatory heterosexuality.
Oscar Wilde is important both as an accomplished writer and as a symbolic figure who exemplified a way of being homosexual at a pivotal moment in the emergence of gay consciousness.
A reveler cheers the decision of Uruguay's House of Representatives in April.
Congratulations to Uruguay, whose marriage equality law, which was passed overwhelmingly in April, has now gone into effect. On August 5, 2013 same-sex couples in Uruguay applied for marriage licenses in Montevideo and other locales throughout the country. The country's first same-sex marriage was conducted at a hospital where one of the spouses is suffering from cancer. The government waived the ten day waiting period because of the patient's terminal illness.
As Pablo Fernandez reports for the Associated Press, Lusia Salaberry, the civil registrar who officiated at the hospital wedding, described it as a "very emotional" and intimate ceremony. She did not identify the couple.
The first same-sex couple to register on August 5 was television producer Sergio Miranda and artist Rodrigo Borda, who have been partners for 14 years.
"This is an historic day for us and for the country," Borda said. "No longer will there be first- and second-class citizens. This will be seen in many countries where this option still isn't possible, and hopefully help people in those places live more freely."
"This will help so that many people can say, 'I went with my boyfriend to walk in the park,' and not have to invent that they have a girlfriend or something like that," Miranda said.
"There are people who constantly live a double-life," Borda added. "That's why we've made this so visible, to show that it can be done. We're in a country that has a very open mind right now--you can see it in the people and in the street."
Miranda and Borda said that U.S. Ambassador to Uruguay Julissa Reynoso is a friend who has been invited to their wedding.
Uruguay joins Canada and Argentina as nations in the Americas to have achieved marriage equality nationally through legislative action. Marriage equality is also available as a result of a combination of legislative and judicial action in all or parts of Brazil, Mexico, the United States, and Colombia.
The video below documents the cheers that erupted when Uruguay's House of Representatives passed the marriage equality bill in April.