The works of García Lorca, internationally recognized as Spain's most prominent lyric poet and dramatist of the twentieth century, are filled with thinly veiled homosexual motifs and themes.
There has always been homosexual involvement in American musical theatre and a homosexual sensibility even in straight musicals, and recently the Broadway musical has welcomed openly homosexual themes and situations.
Best known for his genius in art and architecture, Michelangelo was also an accomplished author of homoerotic poetry.
The African-American gay male literary tradition consists of a substantial body of texts and includes some of the most gifted writers of the twentieth century.
Combining elements of incongruity, theatricality, and exaggeration, camp is a form of humor that helps homosexuals cope with a hostile environment.
Langston Hughes, whose literary legacy is enormous and varied, was closeted, but homosexuality was an important influence on his literary imagination, and many of his poems may be read as gay texts.
James Baldwin, a pioneering figure in twentieth-century literature, wrote sustained and articulate challenges to American racism and mandatory heterosexuality.
Oscar Wilde is important both as an accomplished writer and as a symbolic figure who exemplified a way of being homosexual at a pivotal moment in the emergence of gay consciousness.
Elio di Rupo. Photograph by Luc van Braekel (cc by 2.0).
Since June 2010, the country has been managed by a transitional caretaker government, but the Eurozone crisis seems to have spurred an end to the gridlock. Six parties with enough combined Parliament seats to govern reached a coalition agreement on November 30, 2011 and presented it to King Albert II on December 1, 2011. Elio Di Rupo was sworn in as Prime Minister on December 6, 2011.
A leader of Belgium's Socialist Party, Di Rupo is the country's first head of government since the 1970s whose first language is French, a subject of controversy in a country divided between 4.5 million French speakers, who live mainly in Wallonia in the south, and 6.5 million Dutch speakers, who live mainly in Flanders, the wealthier northern region.
The son of an Italian immigrant, Di Rupo has promised to improve his spoken Dutch, which is considered noticeably weak in a country where officials and politicians are usually expected to be fluent in both of the country's main languages, as well as in English.
A colorful figure, known for his red bow-ties and broad smile, Di Rupo is a rare center-left voice in a European Union that has veered right, and one of only a few openly gay world leaders. He joins Iceland's Johanna Sigurdardottir, who also came to power during an economic crisis, as one of only two openly gay prime ministers.
Di Rupo, who holds a Ph.D. in chemistry, has previously served as the Minister-President of the Walloon region and has held a number of cabinet posts in the federal government.
In 1996, Di Rupo experienced the most stressful time in his life when he was falsely accused of having had sex with minors. He has said that he might have killed himself had he not been totally vindicated in the affair.
Yet this crisis led to the liberation he felt when he publicly came out. Pursued by a journalist, Di Rupo was asked whether he was homosexual. He famously replied, "Yes. So What?"
People were startled and moved by the simplicity and truthfulness of his reply.
The revelation of Di Rupo's homosexuality seems to have had no effect on his political career. Three years later, he was elected leader of the Socialist Party. This acceptance is perhaps not surprising in a country that in 2003 became the second in the world to legalize same-sex marriage.
The new government is not expected to be popular since it will have to preside over the implementation of severe austerity measures and the management of deeply entrenched regional and ethnic divisions. But, given the country's political gridlock, the government is expected to survive until the next scheduled elections in 2014.