social sciences
special features
about glbtq

Advertising Opportunities
Press Kit
Research Guide
Terms of Service
Privacy Policy
site guide
search tips
research guide
editors & contributors
contact us
send feedback
write the editor
Subscribe to our free e-mail newsletter to receive a spotlight on glbtq culture every month.
e-mail address:
Popular Topics in Social Sciences
Stonewall Riots Stonewall Riots
The confrontations between police and demonstrators at the Stonewall Inn in New York City the weekend of June 27-29, 1969 mark the beginning of the modern glbtq movement for equal rights.
Gay Liberation Front
Formed soon after the Stonewall Riots of 1969, the short-lived but influential Gay Liberation Front brought a new militancy to the movement that became known as gay liberation.
The Sexual Revolution, 1960-1980 The Sexual Revolution, 1960-1980
The sexual revolution of post-World War II America changed sexual and gender roles profoundly.
Leather Culture
"Leather" is a blanket term for a large array of sexual preferences, identities, relationship structures, and social organizations loosely tied together by the thread of what is conventionally understood as sadomasochistic sex.
Anthony, Susan B. Anthony, Susan B.
Although best known for her crusade for women's suffrage, Susan B. Anthony spoke out on a range of feminist issues.
Africa: Sub-Saharan, Pre-Independence
With reports from hundreds of sub-Saharan African locales of male-male sexual relations and from about fifty of female-female sexual relations, it is clear that same-sex sexual relations existed in traditional African societies, though varying in forms and in the degree of public acceptance
Androgyny Androgyny
Androgyny, a psychological blending of gender traits, has long been embraced by strong women, soft men, members of queer communities, and others who do not easily fit into traditionally defined gender categories.
A cultural crossroads between Asia and Europe, Russia has a long, rich, and often violent heritage of varied influences and stark confrontations in regard to its patterns of same-sex love.
Congratulations to Frank Mugisha and Sexual Minorities Uganda on the 2011 Rafto Prize
Posted by: Claude J. Summers on 09/29/11
Last updated on: 09/29/11
Bookmark and Share

Frank Mugisha. Image courtesy rafto.no.

The Rafto Foundation, a Norwegian human rights organization dedicated to the promotion of intellectual, political, and economic freedom, announced on September 29, 2011 that the 2011 Rafto Prize will be awarded to Sexual Minorities Uganda and its executive director Frank Mugisha.

The Rafto Prize is awarded annually to individuals or organizations active in the non-violent struggle for the ideals and principles underlying the Human Rights Charter.

The foundation awarded the prize to Sexual Minorities Uganda (SMUG) in recognition of its work to make fundamental human rights apply to everyone, and to eliminate discrimination based on sexual orientation or gender identity.

SMUG is a coalition of organizations that work for the human rights of lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and intersex people in Uganda. Since its inception in 2004, SMUG has become a powerful voice for a stigmatized and persecuted minority. The coalition has played an important role in opposing the proposed "Kill the Gays Bill" and has attempted to use the Ugandan legal system to fight harassment and violence from government and private abusers.

Like many glbtq Ugandans, Frank Mugisha lives in fear. As he has remarked, "I don't know what could happen to me at any minute. I do not know who wants to hang me, I do not know who wants to attack me."

Mugisha's fear is well founded. David Kato, who was the most outspoken gay rights advocate in Uganda, was beaten to death on January 26, 2011 in his home on the outskirts of Kampala.

Police officials attributed the murder to robbery, but members of the besieged Ugandan glbtq community believe it was a direct result of the homophobic atmosphere promoted by American Evangelical Christians in 2009 and that led to the so-called "kill the gays" bill that awaits action in the nation's legislature. "David's death is a result of the hatred planted in Uganda by U.S. Evangelicals," said Val Kalende, the chairperson of one of Uganda's gay rights groups. "The Ugandan Government and the so-called U.S. Evangelicals must take responsibility for David's blood."

In announcing the award of the 2011 Rafto Prize to SMUG and Frank Mugisha, the Rafto Foundation issued a statement saying that it "wishes to underscore that human rights encompass everyone and that it is unacceptable to persecute or discriminate against anyone based on their sexual orientation or gender identity."

In addition, the Foundation "wishes to turn the spotlight on the serious human rights situation in Uganda. It wishes to highlight the fact that SMUG and Frank Mugisha's fight for the human dignity of a particularly vulnerable group is also part of a greater fight for democracy and social justice. By awarding the 2011 Rafto Prize, the Rafto Foundation recognizes Frank Mugisha and his colleagues for their work on human rights and hopes the award will help afford them greater protection and inspiration to continue working in what is a vulnerable and difficult situation."

Related Encyclopedia Entries
browse:   arts   literature   social-sciences   discussion boards
learn more about glbtq       contact us       advertise on glbtq.com
Bookmark and Share

glbtq™ and its logo are trademarks of glbtq, Inc.
This site and its contents Copyright © 2002-2015, glbtq, Inc.

Your use of this site indicates that you accept its Terms of Service.