Although gay, lesbian, and queer theory are related practices, the three terms delineate separate emphases marked by different assumptions about the relationship between gender and sexuality.
The Harlem Renaissance, an African-American literary movement of the 1920s and 1930s, included several important gay and lesbian writers.
Oscar Wilde is important both as an accomplished writer and as a symbolic figure who exemplified a way of being homosexual at a pivotal moment in the emergence of gay consciousness.
Langston Hughes, whose literary legacy is enormous and varied, was closeted, but homosexuality was an important influence on his literary imagination, and many of his poems may be read as gay texts.
Conflicted over his own sexuality, Tennessee Williams wrote directly about homosexuality only in his short stories, his poetry, and his late plays.
Erotic and pornographic works have been written in many cultures since ancient times and recently have flourished with the relaxation of censorship.
Feminist literary theory is a complex, dynamic area of study that draws from a wide range of critical theories.
James Baldwin, a pioneering figure in twentieth-century literature, wrote sustained and articulate challenges to American racism and mandatory heterosexuality.
Film still from Pariah.
The Gay and Lesbian Alliance Against Defamation (GLAAD) presented Media Awards in a number of categories at a ceremony in New York City on March 23, 2012. Among the winners were Dee Rees's coming-of-age film Pariah, which was selected as Outstanding Feature Film, and ABC's Dancing with the Stars, which won the Outstanding Reality Television Program category. HBO's Cinema Verite was selected as "Outstanding TV Movie or Mini Series."
Other winners include Tony Kushner's The Intelligent Homosexual's Guide to Capitalism and Socialism with a Key to the Scriptures for "Outstanding New York Theater: Broadway and Off-Broadway"; Dan Collins and Julianne Wick Davis's Southern Comfort for "Outstanding New York Theater: Off-Off Broadway"; and Wendy Graf's No Word in Guyanese for Me for "Outstanding Los Angeles Theater."
Ricky Martin and Lady Gaga received awards as "Outstanding Musical Artists."
Among the journalists honored were Frank Bruni of the New York Times; Chris Geidner of MetroWeekly; and Carolyn M. Brown of Black Enterprise. Bella English's article on a transgender child, "Led by the Child Who Simply Knew," in the Boston Globe was selected "Outstanding Newspaper Article."
The Anderson Cooper 360 report on "The Sissy Boy Experiments" won in the category "Outstanding TV Journalism: Newsmagazine" category. The segment entitled "Battle against Bullying" on ABC News with Diane Sawyer won in the "Outstanding TV Journalism Segment" category. Winning in the category "Outstanding Talk Show Episode" was "Coming Out on the Oprah Show: 25 Years of Unforgettable Guests" on The Oprah Winfrey Show.
Andy Towle's "Towleroad" won in the "Outstanding Blog" category and ITLMedia's "Injustice at Every Turn" won in the "Outstanding Digital Journalism-Multimedia" category. The Advocate, Out, and The New York Times won in the "Outstanding Overall Coverage" categories.
Additional categories will be presented at the GLAAD Media Awards in Los Angeles on April 21 and in San Francisco on June 2.
Below is a trailer for Pariah.
In the clip below, Tony Kushner and actors and director discuss family and politics in The Intelligent Homosexual's Guide to Capitalism and Socialism with a Key to the Scriptures.
The video below is an excerpt from the Anderson Cooper 360 report on "The Sissy Boy Experiments."