The sexual revolution of post-World War II America changed sexual and gender roles profoundly.
With reports from hundreds of sub-Saharan African locales of male-male sexual relations and from about fifty of female-female sexual relations, it is clear that same-sex sexual relations existed in traditional African societies, though varying in forms and in the degree of public acceptance
In British law, Section 28 of the Local Government Act, enforced from 1988 until 2003, prohibited the promotion of homosexuality and teaching the acceptability of homosexuality as a "pretended family relationship".
The Hijras--men who dress and act like women--have been a presence in India for generations, maintaining a third-gender role that has become institutionalized through tradition.
The dominant ideology among politicized lesbians during the 1970s and 1980s, Lesbian Feminism was based on the premise that lesbianism and feminism were inextricably linked.
Harvey Milk, among the first openly gay man to be elected to public office in the United States, was assassinated in San Francisco's City Hall, making him the American gay liberation movement's most visible martyr.
By the early twentieth-century, YMCAs had become popular havens for men who sought sex with other men.
Compulsory heterosexuality is the assumption that women and men are innately attracted to each other emotionally and sexually and that heterosexuality is universal, a view that leads to an institutional inequality of power that privileges heterosexual males and denigrates women, especially lesbians.
Córdova left a religious order to become a community-organizer and social worker and then an investigative reporter for the radical newspaper L.A. Free Press. She soon found herself covering stories about such figures as the Weather Underground, Angela Davis, and Patty Hearst and the Symbionese Liberation Front.
At the same time, she became involved in numerous love affairs with women, and established herself as a leader in the Los Angeles gay and lesbian movement. A president of the Los Angeles chapter of the Daughters of Bilitis, she also co-founded and edited Lesbian Tide, one of the most influential lesbian journals of the 1970s. Her reporting and columns for Lesbian Tide and other publications of the era are now recognized as early examples of advocacy journalism.
Córdova's new book, which features a foreword by historian Lillian Faderman, paints a memorable portrait of a crucial era in the movement for equal rights, even as it also explores the complicated emotions of a Latina "pretty butch" activist coming to terms with the first great love of her life.
In The Advocate, Robin Tyler describes When We were Outlaws as "a major literary accomplishment." She praises Córdova for her "courage to open up her private life, the strengths and weaknesses, internal pains, and mistakes that took her to dark places" and her ability to use dialogue to make scenes vivid. "They are like overhearing conversations with friends, lovers, and other famous activists."
A dramatization of the book is running at West Hollywood's Macha Theater under the title Outlaws on Stage.
The cast of eight queer actors include Raquel Gutierrez, performance artist of Butchlalis de Panochtitlan, as Córdova at 25; Dan Wentzel as Córdova's "political godfather" community leader Morris Kight; Jennifer Weaver as Patty Hearst; and Lauren Steely as Emily Harris of the Symbionese Liberation Army and Córdova's lover, Rachel.
Here Cordova discusses both the book and the dramatization: