The works of García Lorca, internationally recognized as Spain's most prominent lyric poet and dramatist of the twentieth century, are filled with thinly veiled homosexual motifs and themes.
There has always been homosexual involvement in American musical theatre and a homosexual sensibility even in straight musicals, and recently the Broadway musical has welcomed openly homosexual themes and situations.
Best known for his genius in art and architecture, Michelangelo was also an accomplished author of homoerotic poetry.
The African-American gay male literary tradition consists of a substantial body of texts and includes some of the most gifted writers of the twentieth century.
Combining elements of incongruity, theatricality, and exaggeration, camp is a form of humor that helps homosexuals cope with a hostile environment.
Langston Hughes, whose literary legacy is enormous and varied, was closeted, but homosexuality was an important influence on his literary imagination, and many of his poems may be read as gay texts.
James Baldwin, a pioneering figure in twentieth-century literature, wrote sustained and articulate challenges to American racism and mandatory heterosexuality.
Oscar Wilde is important both as an accomplished writer and as a symbolic figure who exemplified a way of being homosexual at a pivotal moment in the emergence of gay consciousness.
On November 27, 2012, President Obama nominated Judge Nitza I. Quiñones Alejandro of the Philadelphia County Court of Common Pleas to a federal judgeship in the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania. If confirmed by the U.S. Senate, Judge Quiñones will be the first openly gay Hispanic woman to serve on the federal bench.
Judge Quiñones is one of three judges President Obama nominated on November 27 to serve in the Eastern District Court of Pennsylvania. According to the Human Rights Campaign, Senator Bob Casey recommended Quiñones.
In a statement, the President said of his new nominees, "These men and women have had distinguished legal careers and I am honored to ask them to continue their work as judges on the federal bench. They will serve the American people with integrity and an unwavering commitment to justice."
As Julie Bolcer reports in The Advocate, Quiñones earned both a B.A. and a law degree from the University of Puerto Rico. She began her legal career as a staff attorney for Community Legal Services in Philadelphia in 1975. She subsequently worked as an attorney advisor for the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services from 1977 to 1979 and as a staff attorney for the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs from 1979 to 1991.
Judge Quiñones is the eighth openly gay life-tenured federal court judicial nominee named by President Obama.
Three of the President's nominees have been approved by the Senate. Judges J. Paul Oetken and Alison Nathan both now sit on the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of New York. Judge Michael Fitzgerald sits on the U.S. District Court for the Central District of California.
Awaiting confirmation by the Senate are, in addition to Quiñones, Pamela Ki Mai Chen, an out lesbian who was nominated this summer to serve on the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of New York, Judge Michael McShane, an openly gay man who was nominated in September to serve on the U.S. District Court for the District of Oregon, and Judge William Thomas, who was recently nominated to serve on the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of Florida.
The final openly gay judicial nominee put forward by President Obama, Edward DuMont, eventually had his nomination withdrawn after there was no movement on it over the course of two sessions of Congress. He was nominated for the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit.
Before President Obama, only one openly gay or lesbian person was nominated to the federal bench. Judge Deborah Batts, the first openly lesbian federal judge, was nominated by President Clinton and serves on the Southern District of New York bench. She took "senior status," a near retirement, earlier this year and made news a year ago when she wed Dr. Gwen Zornberg, as reported here.