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Popular Topics in Literature
García Lorca, Federico García Lorca, Federico
The works of García Lorca, internationally recognized as Spain's most prominent lyric poet and dramatist of the twentieth century, are filled with thinly veiled homosexual motifs and themes.
Musical Theater
There has always been homosexual involvement in American musical theatre and a homosexual sensibility even in straight musicals, and recently the Broadway musical has welcomed openly homosexual themes and situations.
Michelangelo Buonarroti Michelangelo Buonarroti
Best known for his genius in art and architecture, Michelangelo was also an accomplished author of homoerotic poetry.
African-American Literature: Gay Male African-American Literature: Gay Male
The African-American gay male literary tradition consists of a substantial body of texts and includes some of the most gifted writers of the twentieth century.
Camp Camp
Combining elements of incongruity, theatricality, and exaggeration, camp is a form of humor that helps homosexuals cope with a hostile environment.
Hughes, Langston Hughes, Langston
Langston Hughes, whose literary legacy is enormous and varied, was closeted, but homosexuality was an important influence on his literary imagination, and many of his poems may be read as gay texts.
Baldwin, James Arthur Baldwin, James Arthur
James Baldwin, a pioneering figure in twentieth-century literature, wrote sustained and articulate challenges to American racism and mandatory heterosexuality.
Wilde, Oscar Wilde, Oscar
Oscar Wilde is important both as an accomplished writer and as a symbolic figure who exemplified a way of being homosexual at a pivotal moment in the emergence of gay consciousness.
Congratulations to Judge Pamela Ki Mai Chen
Posted by: Claude J. Summers on 03/05/13
Last updated on: 03/05/13
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Congratulations to Pamela Ki Mai Chen, whose nomination to serve on the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of New York was confirmed by the U.S. Senate on March 4, 2013. She was nominated to the federal bench by President Obama in the summer of 2012. When she takes the oath of office, she will become nation's first openly gay Asian-American federal judge.

As Justin Snow resports in MetroWeekly, Chen was confirmed by voice vote with very little opposition on the evening of March 4. In addition to becoming the first openly lesbian Asian-American to serve on the federal bench, she will also be only the second Chinese-American woman to hold a lifetime appointment to the federal judiciary.

The daughter of Chinese immigrants, Chen is a graduate of the University of Michigan and of Georgetown Law School. Since 1998, she has served as assistant U.S. attorney in the Eastern District of New York. Earlier in her career she worked as a civil rights attorney. For four months in 2008, she served as deputy commissioner for enforcement for the New York State Division of Human Rights.

When President Obama nominated Chen in August 2012, he said that she would "serve on the federal bench with distinction."

Her nomination was recommended to the President by Senator Chuck Schumer, who described her as a "trailblazer in every sense of the word."

In a statement Senator Schumer added, "Ms. Chen's wealth of experience and devotion to public service make it clear that she will be an excellent judge."

Chen is the fourth openly gay judicial nominee confirmed during the Obama administration. The others are Judges J. Paul Oetken and Alison Nathan , who both now sit on the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of New York; and Judge Michael Fitzgerald, who sits on the U.S. District Court for the Central District of California.

Awaiting confirmation by the Senate is attorney Todd M. Hughes, who has been nominated by President Obama to a seat on the Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit. If confirmed by the United States Senate, Hughes will become the first openly gay appeals court judge in American history.

Also awaiting confirmation by the Senate are Judge William Thomas of Miami, who was nominated in October 2012 to serve on the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of Florida; and Judge Nitza I. Quiñones Alejandro of the Philadelphia County Court of Common Pleas, who was nominated in November 2012 to the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania.

Another openly gay judicial nominee put forward by President Obama, Edward DuMont, was nominated for a seat on the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit. Dumont withdrew his nomination after there was no movement on it over the course of two sessions of Congress.

Before President Obama, only one openly gay or lesbian person was nominated to the federal bench. Judge Deborah Batts, the first openly lesbian federal judge, was nominated by President Clinton and serves on the Southern District of New York bench. She took "senior status," a near retirement, in 2012.

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