Straight men who have sex with men do so for a number of reasons, but in general such activity is about physical release and sexual behaviors, not about attraction or desire for another man.
Transgender people--more specifically, people who were born male but present themselves as female--are Brazil's single most marginalized group.
Although best known for her crusade for women's suffrage, Susan B. Anthony spoke out on a range of feminist issues.
Cross-dressers have often been misunderstood and maligned, especially in societies with rigid gender roles.
The homosexuality of Frederick the Great of Prussia was an open secret during his reign, yet some historians have attempted to deny it or to diminish its significance.
Butch-femme identities are controversial and difficult to define with precision, but both roles subvert prescribed gender and sexual expectations; ultimately, the butch-femme dynamic is a unique way of living and loving.
Compulsory heterosexuality is the assumption that women and men are innately attracted to each other emotionally and sexually and that heterosexuality is universal, a view that leads to an institutional inequality of power that privileges heterosexual males and denigrates women, especially lesbians.
The lesbian "sex wars" of the 1980s, centered on issues of pornography and s/m, constituted one of the most significant debates among second-wave feminists in North America and Europe.
Congratulations to Pamela Ki Mai Chen, whose nomination to serve on the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of New York was confirmed by the U.S. Senate on March 4, 2013. She was nominated to the federal bench by President Obama in the summer of 2012. When she takes the oath of office, she will become nation's first openly gay Asian-American federal judge.
As Justin Snow resports in MetroWeekly, Chen was confirmed by voice vote with very little opposition on the evening of March 4. In addition to becoming the first openly lesbian Asian-American to serve on the federal bench, she will also be only the second Chinese-American woman to hold a lifetime appointment to the federal judiciary.
The daughter of Chinese immigrants, Chen is a graduate of the University of Michigan and of Georgetown Law School. Since 1998, she has served as assistant U.S. attorney in the Eastern District of New York. Earlier in her career she worked as a civil rights attorney. For four months in 2008, she served as deputy commissioner for enforcement for the New York State Division of Human Rights.
When President Obama nominated Chen in August 2012, he said that she would "serve on the federal bench with distinction."
Her nomination was recommended to the President by Senator Chuck Schumer, who described her as a "trailblazer in every sense of the word."
In a statement Senator Schumer added, "Ms. Chen's wealth of experience and devotion to public service make it clear that she will be an excellent judge."
Chen is the fourth openly gay judicial nominee confirmed during the Obama administration. The others are Judges J. Paul Oetken and Alison Nathan , who both now sit on the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of New York; and Judge Michael Fitzgerald, who sits on the U.S. District Court for the Central District of California.
Awaiting confirmation by the Senate is attorney Todd M. Hughes, who has been nominated by President Obama to a seat on the Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit. If confirmed by the United States Senate, Hughes will become the first openly gay appeals court judge in American history.
Also awaiting confirmation by the Senate are Judge William Thomas of Miami, who was nominated in October 2012 to serve on the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of Florida; and Judge Nitza I. Quiñones Alejandro of the Philadelphia County Court of Common Pleas, who was nominated in November 2012 to the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania.
Another openly gay judicial nominee put forward by President Obama, Edward DuMont, was nominated for a seat on the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit. Dumont withdrew his nomination after there was no movement on it over the course of two sessions of Congress.
Before President Obama, only one openly gay or lesbian person was nominated to the federal bench. Judge Deborah Batts, the first openly lesbian federal judge, was nominated by President Clinton and serves on the Southern District of New York bench. She took "senior status," a near retirement, in 2012.