Long-distance swimmer and respected sports commentator has in more recent years spoken out on issues of glbtq rights.
Indian playwright, screenwriter, dancer, director, and actor Mahesh Dattani is an important figure in South Asian gay culture by virtue of his recurrent depiction of queer characters.
Entertainer Josephine Baker achieved acclaim as the twentieth century's first international black female sex symbol, but kept carefully hidden her many sexual liaisons with women, which continued from adolescence to the end of her life.
American painter Paul Cadmus is best known for the satiric innocence of his frequently censored paintings of burly men in skin-tight clothes, but he also created works that celebrate same-sex domesticity.
San Francisco visual artist Jerome Caja is known for his small, sensuous combinations of found objects, which he painted with nail polish, makeup, and glitter, as well as for his drag performances.
Although sparse in images documenting the gay community, pre-Stonewall gay male photography blurs the boundaries between art, erotica, and social history.
Female impersonation need say nothing about sexual identity, but it has for a long time been almost an institutionalized aspect of gay male culture.
Given the historic stigma around making, circulating, and possessing overtly homoerotic images, the visual arts have been especially important for providing a socially sanctioned arena for depicting the naked male body and suggesting homoerotic desire.
Shumlin administered the oath of office to Robinson in a ceremony before a crowd of about 150 family, friends, and colleagues. He praised her intelligence, energy, and commitment to justice.
"My pledge is to remember the people," Robinson told the crowd, noting that she has a love for legal interpretation but came to understand that legal cases are primarily about people.
Among those people, she said, were the plaintiffs in the Baker case, in which Robinson argued that same-sex couples had the same rights as heterosexual married couples. The crowd included two of the plaintiffs--Holly Puterbaugh and Lois Farnham--as well as others who worked with Robinson in the struggle to pass the civil union bill and then the same-sex marriage bill.
Also among the crowd was Robinson's wife Kym Boyman. The couple entered into a civil union in 2001 and married in 2010. Robinson's parents and her brother also attended the ceremony.
Governor Shumlin was leader of the state Senate when both the civil union and same-sex marriage bills were passed. When he became governor this year, he named Robinson his legal counsel. In October, he nominated her for the vacancy created in August by the retirement of Justice Denise Johnson, the Court's first woman justice.
At the ceremony at the Supreme Court on November 28, Shumlin said he was honored to nominate the first openly gay justice to the Court.
He noted that when the Baker decision came down, then-Governor Howard Dean remarked that the decision made him uncomfortable. "It was a different world just 12 years ago," Shumlin said. "We've come a long way, most of it because of Beth's work."
As head of the Vermont Freedom to Marry Task Force, Robinson tirelessly lobbied members of the legislature to vote in favor of equal rights. She helped mobilize support for those who voted for civil unions and, then, for marriage equality.
With Robinson's appointment, there are now six openly gay state supreme court justices. The other five are Rives Kistler and Virginia Linder of Oregon; Barbara Lenk of Massachusetts; Sabrina McKenna of Hawaii; and Monica Marquez of Colorado.
Here are YouTube videos of Shumlin announcing the appointment of Robinson to the Supreme Court and her reaction to that announcement: