Although gay, lesbian, and queer theory are related practices, the three terms delineate separate emphases marked by different assumptions about the relationship between gender and sexuality.
The Harlem Renaissance, an African-American literary movement of the 1920s and 1930s, included several important gay and lesbian writers.
Oscar Wilde is important both as an accomplished writer and as a symbolic figure who exemplified a way of being homosexual at a pivotal moment in the emergence of gay consciousness.
Langston Hughes, whose literary legacy is enormous and varied, was closeted, but homosexuality was an important influence on his literary imagination, and many of his poems may be read as gay texts.
Conflicted over his own sexuality, Tennessee Williams wrote directly about homosexuality only in his short stories, his poetry, and his late plays.
Erotic and pornographic works have been written in many cultures since ancient times and recently have flourished with the relaxation of censorship.
Feminist literary theory is a complex, dynamic area of study that draws from a wide range of critical theories.
James Baldwin, a pioneering figure in twentieth-century literature, wrote sustained and articulate challenges to American racism and mandatory heterosexuality.
Karen Ocamb after receiving a NLGJA award in 2012.
Congratulations to Los Angeles-based journalist Karen Ocamb. Her remarkable photo-essay at lgbt/pov entitled "Nuance and LGBT-News" not only explains why the glbtq press continues to be necessary even as gay issues are covered by the mainstream press, but it also constitutes a mini-history of glbtq activism in Los Angeles and of Ocamb's own admirable career.
Ocamb's central point is that a gay press is necessary "to provide insight, balance and often accuracy to stories where chasing and grasping nuance is too often perceived as a chore or a luxury to mainstream reporters on deadline."
Active as a reporter of glbtq news since the 1980s, and currently news editor at Frontiers In LA magazine, Ocamb came out in the midst of the AIDS crisis. "I didn't know how to be useful other than to write about what I saw," she states.
By writing about what she saw, Ocamb did something very useful indeed. She recorded with nuance and understanding the struggles and triumphs of the Los Angeles movement for equal rights.
The essay is illustrated by a treasure trove of photographs, most of them taken by Ocamb herself, depicting movement figures such as Robert Hattoy, Harry Hay, Jim Kepner, Morris Kight, Judith Light, Sir Ian McKellen, David Mixner, Paul Monette, Urvasha Vaid, Sgt. Perry Watkins, Winston Wilde, Phill Wilson, Terry Wolverton, and many others.
In the video below, recorded in February 2012, when Ocamb was honored by the National Gay and Lesbian Journalism Association, she explains her continuing enthusiasm for glbtq journalism.