Although gay, lesbian, and queer theory are related practices, the three terms delineate separate emphases marked by different assumptions about the relationship between gender and sexuality.
The Harlem Renaissance, an African-American literary movement of the 1920s and 1930s, included several important gay and lesbian writers.
Oscar Wilde is important both as an accomplished writer and as a symbolic figure who exemplified a way of being homosexual at a pivotal moment in the emergence of gay consciousness.
Langston Hughes, whose literary legacy is enormous and varied, was closeted, but homosexuality was an important influence on his literary imagination, and many of his poems may be read as gay texts.
Conflicted over his own sexuality, Tennessee Williams wrote directly about homosexuality only in his short stories, his poetry, and his late plays.
Erotic and pornographic works have been written in many cultures since ancient times and recently have flourished with the relaxation of censorship.
Feminist literary theory is a complex, dynamic area of study that draws from a wide range of critical theories.
James Baldwin, a pioneering figure in twentieth-century literature, wrote sustained and articulate challenges to American racism and mandatory heterosexuality.
Congratulations to Kathleen Wynne, who made history on January 26, 2013 by winning the Ontario Liberal Party Leadership race to become Ontario's first woman Premier and Canada's first openly gay Premier.
On the nominating convention's third ballot, Wynne surged past her chief rival to win the leadership post. She succeeds Premier Dalton McGuinty, who announced on October 15, 2012 that he was resigning as premier as soon as the Liberal Party chose his successor in January 2013.
In a memorable speech at the convention, Wynne told the delegates that she did not think her lesbianism would prevent her success at the ballot box in Canada's largest province. "I don't believe the people of Ontario judge their leaders on the basis of race, colour or sexual orientation. I don't believe they hold that prejudice in their hearts."
Wynne's rise in Ontario politics has been rapid. As Adrian Morrow and Kathleen Howlett report in Toronto's Globe and Mail, just "Nine years ago, Kathleen Wynne was a social activist-turned school trustee who handily knocked off a sitting cabinet minister to earn a seat in the Ontario legislature."
Since her election to the Ontario Provincial Parliament in 2003, Wynne has served as Minister of Education, Minister of Municipal Affairs and Housing, and, until she announced her intention to seek the leadership, as Minister of Aboriginal Affairs. Her appointment as Minister of Education in 2006 made her Ontario's first openly lesbian cabinet minister.
Jennifer Wells reports in The Star that in her first political race, a 1994 campaign for school trustee that she narrowly lost, she was attacked as an "extremist lesbian."
The ultimate effect of that kind of gay-baiting was to embolden her. "To have somebody say . . . you are 'other' and we can marginalize you. I was indignant. . . . I wasn't going to let that stop me," she told Wells.
Wynne came out in 1990. She is now married to Jane Rounthwaite, who has been her partner since 1991 and has been very visible in her campaigns.
Wynne and Rounthwaite and Wynne's former husband Phil Cowperthwaite were featured in journalist Cate Cochran's book, In Reconcilable Differences, about families seeking ways to stay together in the midst of divorce. Because Wynne and Cowperthaite both insisted on seeing their three children every day even after their divorce, they purchased homes that were connected by a yard.
After winning the leadership post, Wynne told the Party that she was prepared to lead it into the next election and vowed to do so "on the basis of our merits."
In this video from 2011, Wynne introduces herself and speaks about her Don Valley riding.
In the video below, from the first day of the nominating convention, Wynne explains her strategy to win the leadership vote.
After winning the leadership position, Wynne thanks her wife Jane Rounthwaite.