Straight men who have sex with men do so for a number of reasons, but in general such activity is about physical release and sexual behaviors, not about attraction or desire for another man.
Transgender people--more specifically, people who were born male but present themselves as female--are Brazil's single most marginalized group.
Although best known for her crusade for women's suffrage, Susan B. Anthony spoke out on a range of feminist issues.
Cross-dressers have often been misunderstood and maligned, especially in societies with rigid gender roles.
The homosexuality of Frederick the Great of Prussia was an open secret during his reign, yet some historians have attempted to deny it or to diminish its significance.
Butch-femme identities are controversial and difficult to define with precision, but both roles subvert prescribed gender and sexual expectations; ultimately, the butch-femme dynamic is a unique way of living and loving.
Compulsory heterosexuality is the assumption that women and men are innately attracted to each other emotionally and sexually and that heterosexuality is universal, a view that leads to an institutional inequality of power that privileges heterosexual males and denigrates women, especially lesbians.
The lesbian "sex wars" of the 1980s, centered on issues of pornography and s/m, constituted one of the most significant debates among second-wave feminists in North America and Europe.
Margarethe Cammermeyer presided over a retirement ceremony honoring Major Margaret Witt and Lt. Colonel Victor Fehrenbach.
On September 4, 2011, less than three weeks before Don't Ask, Don't Tell (DADT), the military policy that prohibits gay and lesbian servicemembers from serving openly, is officially repealed, Colonel Margarethe Cammermeyer presided over a retirement ceremony honoring Major Margaret Witt and Lt. Colonel Victor Fehrenbach.
The ceremony was particularly poignant because Cammermeyer, Witt, and Fehrenbach are all three heroes of the movement to end the discriminatory policy. They fought back and resisted their discharges.
Cammermeyer, a distinguished nurse, was discharged from the National Guard in 1992, but sued and won reinstatement in 1994. She officially retired with full honors and benefits in 1997.
Major Witt, a decorated flight nurse, was discharged under DADT in 2006, and sued for reenlistment. After a long legal fight, she not only won her case but established a key legal precedent, the "Witt standard," which requires that the military must prove (as opposed to simply asserting) that openly gay servicemembers actually impair unit cohesion and damage morale.
The Witt standard was key not only in the success of Major Witt's own battle, which resulted in her reinstatement in 2010, but it was also crucial in the Log Cabin Republicans suit that resulted in the declaration that the DADT policy is unconstitutional.
When he was targeted for discharge in 2008, decorated fighter pilot Lt. Colonel Fehrenbach sued before the discharge became official. He won an injunction against the processing of the discharge and ultimately negotiated a settlement that allowed him to retire on his own terms, with full honors and benefits. As Colonel Cammermeyer remarked at the ceremony, "he has worn the uniform as the officer and pilot and human being that he is, and said 'Take me on.'"
At the ceremony, another casualty of DADT, Army Captain Jonathan Hopkins, who was discharged in 2010, remarked of Witt and Fehrenbach, "Today we have honored two Airmen who have fought not just for their country in battle, but also for civil rights in a cause far greater than themselves."
Witt and Fehrenback will officially retire on October 1, 2011.