Female impersonation need say nothing about sexual identity, but it has for a long time been almost an institutionalized aspect of gay male culture.
Although sparse in images documenting the gay community, pre-Stonewall gay male photography blurs the boundaries between art, erotica, and social history.
Given the historic stigma around making, circulating, and possessing overtly homoerotic images, the visual arts have been especially important for providing a socially sanctioned arena for depicting the naked male body and suggesting homoerotic desire.
Independent films that aggressively assert homosexual identity and queer culture, the New Queer Cinema can be seen as the culmination of several developments in American cinema.
Renowned photographer, teacher, critic, editor, and curator, Minor White created some of the most interesting photographs of male nudes of the second half of the twentieth century, but did not exhibit them for fear of scandal.
The first international fashion superstar, Halston dressed and befriended some of America's most glamorous women.
An artistic movement that grew out of Dadaism and flourished in Europe shortly after World War I, Surrealism embraced the idea that art was an expression of the subconscious.
Film, stage, and television actor Paul Winfield was openly gay in his private life, but maintained public silence about his homosexuality.
Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg.
Congratulations to Michael M. Kaiser, president of the Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts, and John Roberts, a government economist, who were married on August 31, 2013 in a ceremony officiated by Supreme Court Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg.
As Robert Barnes reported in the Washington Post, "The gala wedding of Kaiser and economist John Roberts at the performing arts center brings together the nation's highest court and the capital's high society and [marks] a new milepost in the recognition of same-sex unions."
Kaiser and Roberts were married in the Kennedy Center atrium Saturday night before 220 guests. Attending were stars of opera (Renee Fleming, Harolyn Blackwell) and Broadway (Ron Raines, Barbara Cook), as well as some of Washington's most influential philanthropic and arts patrons, such as Richard and Betsy DeVos, Catherine and Wayne Reynolds, and Jacqueline Mars.
Justice Ginsburg and Kaiser are close friends. She is known as the Supreme Court's most ardent supporter of the fine arts, especially opera.
Kaiser, 59, has been at the helm of the Kennedy Center since 2001 and is an internationally recognized expert in arts management and one of Washington's most influential civic leaders. He is scheduled to step down as head of the Kennedy Center in December 2014. He will remain the president of the Kennedy Center's DeVos Institute of Arts Management, which he founded to train arts managers across the United States, through 2017.
"I can't imagine someone I'd rather be married by" than Ginsburg, Kaiser said in an interview in advance of the wedding.
"It's wonderful to have a friend and a great person preside at your wedding," he said, adding: "My wedding is not about making history. It's about marrying the person I love."
Roberts, 32, works at the Commodity Futures Trading Commission. He is not related to Chief Justice John Roberts.
During a recent interview, Justice Ginsburg expressed excitement about being the first member of the Supreme Court to conduct a same-sex marriage ceremony.
She said, "I think it will be one more statement that people who love each other and want to live together should be able to enjoy the blessings and the strife in the marriage relationship."
Later in September, she is scheduled to officiate at another same-sex wedding, that of Washington food writer David Hagedorn to Michael Widomski, director of communications and executive affairs for the National Weather Service.