Although gay, lesbian, and queer theory are related practices, the three terms delineate separate emphases marked by different assumptions about the relationship between gender and sexuality.
The Harlem Renaissance, an African-American literary movement of the 1920s and 1930s, included several important gay and lesbian writers.
Oscar Wilde is important both as an accomplished writer and as a symbolic figure who exemplified a way of being homosexual at a pivotal moment in the emergence of gay consciousness.
Langston Hughes, whose literary legacy is enormous and varied, was closeted, but homosexuality was an important influence on his literary imagination, and many of his poems may be read as gay texts.
Conflicted over his own sexuality, Tennessee Williams wrote directly about homosexuality only in his short stories, his poetry, and his late plays.
Erotic and pornographic works have been written in many cultures since ancient times and recently have flourished with the relaxation of censorship.
Feminist literary theory is a complex, dynamic area of study that draws from a wide range of critical theories.
James Baldwin, a pioneering figure in twentieth-century literature, wrote sustained and articulate challenges to American racism and mandatory heterosexuality.
Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg.
Congratulations to Michael M. Kaiser, president of the Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts, and John Roberts, a government economist, who were married on August 31, 2013 in a ceremony officiated by Supreme Court Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg.
As Robert Barnes reported in the Washington Post, "The gala wedding of Kaiser and economist John Roberts at the performing arts center brings together the nation's highest court and the capital's high society and [marks] a new milepost in the recognition of same-sex unions."
Kaiser and Roberts were married in the Kennedy Center atrium Saturday night before 220 guests. Attending were stars of opera (Renee Fleming, Harolyn Blackwell) and Broadway (Ron Raines, Barbara Cook), as well as some of Washington's most influential philanthropic and arts patrons, such as Richard and Betsy DeVos, Catherine and Wayne Reynolds, and Jacqueline Mars.
Justice Ginsburg and Kaiser are close friends. She is known as the Supreme Court's most ardent supporter of the fine arts, especially opera.
Kaiser, 59, has been at the helm of the Kennedy Center since 2001 and is an internationally recognized expert in arts management and one of Washington's most influential civic leaders. He is scheduled to step down as head of the Kennedy Center in December 2014. He will remain the president of the Kennedy Center's DeVos Institute of Arts Management, which he founded to train arts managers across the United States, through 2017.
"I can't imagine someone I'd rather be married by" than Ginsburg, Kaiser said in an interview in advance of the wedding.
"It's wonderful to have a friend and a great person preside at your wedding," he said, adding: "My wedding is not about making history. It's about marrying the person I love."
Roberts, 32, works at the Commodity Futures Trading Commission. He is not related to Chief Justice John Roberts.
During a recent interview, Justice Ginsburg expressed excitement about being the first member of the Supreme Court to conduct a same-sex marriage ceremony.
She said, "I think it will be one more statement that people who love each other and want to live together should be able to enjoy the blessings and the strife in the marriage relationship."
Later in September, she is scheduled to officiate at another same-sex wedding, that of Washington food writer David Hagedorn to Michael Widomski, director of communications and executive affairs for the National Weather Service.