With reports from hundreds of sub-Saharan African locales of male-male sexual relations and from about fifty of female-female sexual relations, it is clear that same-sex sexual relations existed in traditional African societies, though varying in forms and in the degree of public acceptance
The confrontations between police and demonstrators at the Stonewall Inn in New York City the weekend of June 27-29, 1969 mark the beginning of the modern glbtq movement for equal rights.
A social role for individuals who crossed or mixed male and female characteristics was one of the most widely distributed institutions of native North America.
The sexual revolution of post-World War II America changed sexual and gender roles profoundly.
Mixed-orientation marriages--those in which one partner is straight and the other is gay or lesbian--often end in divorce, but such an ending is not inevitable.
"Leather" is a blanket term for a large array of sexual preferences, identities, relationship structures, and social organizations loosely tied together by the thread of what is conventionally understood as sadomasochistic sex.
Since the late nineteenth century, transgendered people have advocated legal and social reforms that would ameliorate the kinds of oppression and discrimination they suffer.
Formed soon after the Stonewall Riots of 1969, the short-lived but influential Gay Liberation Front brought a new militancy to the movement that became known as gay liberation.
Crown Princess Mette-Marit.
Congratulations to Norway's Crown Princess Mette-Marit for her display of courage and friendship in traveling to India to care for the newborn twin sons of a friend who works in her palace. In late October, when the staffer and his husband were unable to attain visas to travel immediately to care for their twins who had been delivered early by a surrogate mother, the Princess used her diplomatic passport to make the trip and to care for the newborns.
Norway's future queen did not inform Indian authorities of her plans and traveled incognito. As Reuters reports, "She spent several days caring for the twins at Manav Medicare Centre, the staff of which assumed she was a nanny."
During her absence, the Princess's name appeared in the Norwegian palace social calendar. The fact that she did not attend a Parliamentary dinner for which she was scheduled was never explained.
When a relative of the fathers arrived and was able to care for the children, Princess Mette-Marit returned to Norway. The fathers of the child finally received their visa in November. They hurried to India to bring the babies home to Norway.
In 1993, Norway became the second country to recognize same-sex partnerships. With the adoption of a new marriage law in 2008, Norway became the sixth country to permit homosexuals to marry on the same basis as heterosexuals.
Surrogacy, however, is a highly controversial issue in Norway, and paid surrogacy is effectively illegal within the country.
Not wanting to become involved in the political debate about artificial reproductive technologies, Princess Mette-Merit said in a statement, "For me, this is about two babies lying alone in a New Delhi hospital. I was able to travel and wanted to do what I could."
She added, "Sometimes life presents you with situations with few good solutions. This was one of those. There is an important debate going on about surrogacy and this was not meant as taking a side."
Princess Mette-Marit became Crown Princess of Norway upon her marriage in 2001 to Crown Prince Haakon, heir apparent to the throne of Norway. A commoner and a single mother, she was considered a controversial figure at the time of her engagement.
As Crown Princess, however, she has won the affection of the Norwegian people. She has become associated particularly with humanitarian and charitable enterprises, including support for the arts and for programs aimed at combating AIDS.
The Princess attended the July 2012 AIDS conference in Washington D.C. In the video below, she speaks to CNN about the conference and the fight against AIDS.