Female impersonation need say nothing about sexual identity, but it has for a long time been almost an institutionalized aspect of gay male culture.
Although sparse in images documenting the gay community, pre-Stonewall gay male photography blurs the boundaries between art, erotica, and social history.
Given the historic stigma around making, circulating, and possessing overtly homoerotic images, the visual arts have been especially important for providing a socially sanctioned arena for depicting the naked male body and suggesting homoerotic desire.
Independent films that aggressively assert homosexual identity and queer culture, the New Queer Cinema can be seen as the culmination of several developments in American cinema.
Renowned photographer, teacher, critic, editor, and curator, Minor White created some of the most interesting photographs of male nudes of the second half of the twentieth century, but did not exhibit them for fear of scandal.
The first international fashion superstar, Halston dressed and befriended some of America's most glamorous women.
An artistic movement that grew out of Dadaism and flourished in Europe shortly after World War I, Surrealism embraced the idea that art was an expression of the subconscious.
Film, stage, and television actor Paul Winfield was openly gay in his private life, but maintained public silence about his homosexuality.
Crown Princess Mette-Marit.
Congratulations to Norway's Crown Princess Mette-Marit for her display of courage and friendship in traveling to India to care for the newborn twin sons of a friend who works in her palace. In late October, when the staffer and his husband were unable to attain visas to travel immediately to care for their twins who had been delivered early by a surrogate mother, the Princess used her diplomatic passport to make the trip and to care for the newborns.
Norway's future queen did not inform Indian authorities of her plans and traveled incognito. As Reuters reports, "She spent several days caring for the twins at Manav Medicare Centre, the staff of which assumed she was a nanny."
During her absence, the Princess's name appeared in the Norwegian palace social calendar. The fact that she did not attend a Parliamentary dinner for which she was scheduled was never explained.
When a relative of the fathers arrived and was able to care for the children, Princess Mette-Marit returned to Norway. The fathers of the child finally received their visa in November. They hurried to India to bring the babies home to Norway.
In 1993, Norway became the second country to recognize same-sex partnerships. With the adoption of a new marriage law in 2008, Norway became the sixth country to permit homosexuals to marry on the same basis as heterosexuals.
Surrogacy, however, is a highly controversial issue in Norway, and paid surrogacy is effectively illegal within the country.
Not wanting to become involved in the political debate about artificial reproductive technologies, Princess Mette-Merit said in a statement, "For me, this is about two babies lying alone in a New Delhi hospital. I was able to travel and wanted to do what I could."
She added, "Sometimes life presents you with situations with few good solutions. This was one of those. There is an important debate going on about surrogacy and this was not meant as taking a side."
Princess Mette-Marit became Crown Princess of Norway upon her marriage in 2001 to Crown Prince Haakon, heir apparent to the throne of Norway. A commoner and a single mother, she was considered a controversial figure at the time of her engagement.
As Crown Princess, however, she has won the affection of the Norwegian people. She has become associated particularly with humanitarian and charitable enterprises, including support for the arts and for programs aimed at combating AIDS.
The Princess attended the July 2012 AIDS conference in Washington D.C. In the video below, she speaks to CNN about the conference and the fight against AIDS.