Long-distance swimmer and respected sports commentator has in more recent years spoken out on issues of glbtq rights.
Indian playwright, screenwriter, dancer, director, and actor Mahesh Dattani is an important figure in South Asian gay culture by virtue of his recurrent depiction of queer characters.
Entertainer Josephine Baker achieved acclaim as the twentieth century's first international black female sex symbol, but kept carefully hidden her many sexual liaisons with women, which continued from adolescence to the end of her life.
American painter Paul Cadmus is best known for the satiric innocence of his frequently censored paintings of burly men in skin-tight clothes, but he also created works that celebrate same-sex domesticity.
San Francisco visual artist Jerome Caja is known for his small, sensuous combinations of found objects, which he painted with nail polish, makeup, and glitter, as well as for his drag performances.
Although sparse in images documenting the gay community, pre-Stonewall gay male photography blurs the boundaries between art, erotica, and social history.
Female impersonation need say nothing about sexual identity, but it has for a long time been almost an institutionalized aspect of gay male culture.
Given the historic stigma around making, circulating, and possessing overtly homoerotic images, the visual arts have been especially important for providing a socially sanctioned arena for depicting the naked male body and suggesting homoerotic desire.
Todd Spiewak (left) and Jim Parsons.
On October 18, 2013, numerous celebrities attended the Ninth Annual GLSEN Respect Awards at Los Angeles' Beverly Hills Hotel. The event honored those who work to make the country's schools safer by educating students and teachers about the effects of bullying. Actor Jim Parsons and his partner Todd Spiewak were presented the organization's Inspiration Award, while acclaimed producer and screenwriter Linda Bloodworth Thompson received a Lifetime Achievement Award.
The star-studded event featured entertainment by Steve Grand, whose "All American Boy" music video created a sensation earlier this year.
Some of the celebrities attending the awards spoke with Entertainment Weekly about having been bullied themselves.
Dan Bucatinsky, for example, remembered being bullied by a next door neighbor when he was growing up. The actor, who recently won an Emmy for his portrayal of a gay father on Scandal, said he could not imagine not supporting an organization like GLSEN.
"GLSEN has such a simple mission statement, which is simply that no kid should be afraid to go to school," he explained. "I love the fact that this is an organization that is focused on teaching educators and kids about respect."
Mayim Bialik, who costars with Parsons on The Big Bang Theory, said that she was bullied as child, which is why she is hypersensitive about the subject, especially now that she is a mother.
Bialik presented the Inspiration Award to Parsons, who recently won his third consecutive Emmy as Best Actor in a Comedy for his work on The Big Bang Theory, and his partner of ten years Todd Spiewak, a designer and art director. Parsons earned plaudits for his stage performance in a revival of Larry Kramer's The Normal Heart, and will appear in an HBO production of the play that is currently in production.
In the video below, professional athletes Robby Rogers and Jason Collins open the awards ceremony.
Steve Grand performs "All American Boy" at the Respect Awards.
Actress Mayim Bialik and GLSEN student ambassador Carly Friders present the Inspiration Award to Parsons and Spiewak.
Parsons and Spiewak accept the Inspiration Award.