Although gay, lesbian, and queer theory are related practices, the three terms delineate separate emphases marked by different assumptions about the relationship between gender and sexuality.
The Harlem Renaissance, an African-American literary movement of the 1920s and 1930s, included several important gay and lesbian writers.
Oscar Wilde is important both as an accomplished writer and as a symbolic figure who exemplified a way of being homosexual at a pivotal moment in the emergence of gay consciousness.
Langston Hughes, whose literary legacy is enormous and varied, was closeted, but homosexuality was an important influence on his literary imagination, and many of his poems may be read as gay texts.
Conflicted over his own sexuality, Tennessee Williams wrote directly about homosexuality only in his short stories, his poetry, and his late plays.
Erotic and pornographic works have been written in many cultures since ancient times and recently have flourished with the relaxation of censorship.
Feminist literary theory is a complex, dynamic area of study that draws from a wide range of critical theories.
James Baldwin, a pioneering figure in twentieth-century literature, wrote sustained and articulate challenges to American racism and mandatory heterosexuality.
Congressman Jared Polis.
Congressman Jared Polis and his partner Marlon Reis have announced the birth of their son Caspian Julius on September 30, 2011.
The Colorado Democrat reported that his child was born weighing 8lbs., 12oz. He added, "Baby and parents are doing well, baby has learned to cry already!"
The announcement asked for "No gifts please, just nice thoughts for Caspian, humankind, the planet, and the universe!"
The proud parents have not revealed other details of the boy's conception and birth.
Polis is one of four openly gay members of Congress. The other three are Tammy Baldwin of Wisconsin, David Cicilline of Rhode Island, and Barney Frank of Massachusetts.
He is co-sponsor of the "Every Child Deserves a Family Act," which is pending in Congress. The bill would prohibit discrimination in adoption or foster care placement based on the sexual orientation, marital status, or gender identity of the potential parent, or the sexual orientation or gender identity of the child.