The sexual revolution of post-World War II America changed sexual and gender roles profoundly.
With reports from hundreds of sub-Saharan African locales of male-male sexual relations and from about fifty of female-female sexual relations, it is clear that same-sex sexual relations existed in traditional African societies, though varying in forms and in the degree of public acceptance
In British law, Section 28 of the Local Government Act, enforced from 1988 until 2003, prohibited the promotion of homosexuality and teaching the acceptability of homosexuality as a "pretended family relationship".
The Hijras--men who dress and act like women--have been a presence in India for generations, maintaining a third-gender role that has become institutionalized through tradition.
The dominant ideology among politicized lesbians during the 1970s and 1980s, Lesbian Feminism was based on the premise that lesbianism and feminism were inextricably linked.
Harvey Milk, among the first openly gay man to be elected to public office in the United States, was assassinated in San Francisco's City Hall, making him the American gay liberation movement's most visible martyr.
By the early twentieth-century, YMCAs had become popular havens for men who sought sex with other men.
Compulsory heterosexuality is the assumption that women and men are innately attracted to each other emotionally and sexually and that heterosexuality is universal, a view that leads to an institutional inequality of power that privileges heterosexual males and denigrates women, especially lesbians.
On September 26, 2011, the U.S. Senate confirmed Robert L. Pitman of Austin as U.S. Attorney for the Western District of Texas. Upon being sworn in on October 2, he became the first openly gay U.S. Attorney in Texas.
Pitman was nominated for the post by President Obama on the recommendation of Republican Senators Kay Bailey Hutchinson and John Cornyn. His appointment was opposed by social conservative groups in Texas.
A native of Fort Worth, Pitman attended Abilene Christian University and earned his law degree at the University of Texas, where he has served as an adjunct professor.
Since October 2003, Pitman has served as a federal magistrate judge for the U.S. District Court of Western Texas. He previously served as Chief Deputy U.S. Attorney for the Western District of Texas.
He is the fourth openly gay or lesbian U.S. Attorney appointed by President Obama.
The other three are Jenny Durkan of the Western District of Washington; Laura Duffy of the Southern District of California; and Anne Tompkins of the Western District of North Carolina.