Although gay, lesbian, and queer theory are related practices, the three terms delineate separate emphases marked by different assumptions about the relationship between gender and sexuality.
The Harlem Renaissance, an African-American literary movement of the 1920s and 1930s, included several important gay and lesbian writers.
Oscar Wilde is important both as an accomplished writer and as a symbolic figure who exemplified a way of being homosexual at a pivotal moment in the emergence of gay consciousness.
Langston Hughes, whose literary legacy is enormous and varied, was closeted, but homosexuality was an important influence on his literary imagination, and many of his poems may be read as gay texts.
Conflicted over his own sexuality, Tennessee Williams wrote directly about homosexuality only in his short stories, his poetry, and his late plays.
Erotic and pornographic works have been written in many cultures since ancient times and recently have flourished with the relaxation of censorship.
Feminist literary theory is a complex, dynamic area of study that draws from a wide range of critical theories.
James Baldwin, a pioneering figure in twentieth-century literature, wrote sustained and articulate challenges to American racism and mandatory heterosexuality.
On September 26, 2011, the U.S. Senate confirmed Robert L. Pitman of Austin as U.S. Attorney for the Western District of Texas. Upon being sworn in on October 2, he became the first openly gay U.S. Attorney in Texas.
Pitman was nominated for the post by President Obama on the recommendation of Republican Senators Kay Bailey Hutchinson and John Cornyn. His appointment was opposed by social conservative groups in Texas.
A native of Fort Worth, Pitman attended Abilene Christian University and earned his law degree at the University of Texas, where he has served as an adjunct professor.
Since October 2003, Pitman has served as a federal magistrate judge for the U.S. District Court of Western Texas. He previously served as Chief Deputy U.S. Attorney for the Western District of Texas.
He is the fourth openly gay or lesbian U.S. Attorney appointed by President Obama.
The other three are Jenny Durkan of the Western District of Washington; Laura Duffy of the Southern District of California; and Anne Tompkins of the Western District of North Carolina.