Although gay, lesbian, and queer theory are related practices, the three terms delineate separate emphases marked by different assumptions about the relationship between gender and sexuality.
The Harlem Renaissance, an African-American literary movement of the 1920s and 1930s, included several important gay and lesbian writers.
Oscar Wilde is important both as an accomplished writer and as a symbolic figure who exemplified a way of being homosexual at a pivotal moment in the emergence of gay consciousness.
Langston Hughes, whose literary legacy is enormous and varied, was closeted, but homosexuality was an important influence on his literary imagination, and many of his poems may be read as gay texts.
Conflicted over his own sexuality, Tennessee Williams wrote directly about homosexuality only in his short stories, his poetry, and his late plays.
Erotic and pornographic works have been written in many cultures since ancient times and recently have flourished with the relaxation of censorship.
Feminist literary theory is a complex, dynamic area of study that draws from a wide range of critical theories.
James Baldwin, a pioneering figure in twentieth-century literature, wrote sustained and articulate challenges to American racism and mandatory heterosexuality.
The logo of the Olympic Games.
Congratulations to Stephany Lee who won a place on the United State Olympic Women's Wrestling team in Cedar Rapids, Iowa and then promptly married her girlfriend, Brigg McDonald. As John Branch reports in The New York Times, the serendipity of the Olympic trials being held this year in Iowa, where same-sex marriage is legal, made it possible for Lee to combine her earning a place on the Olympic wrestling team with her wedding.
On Saturday, April 21, 2012, Lee defeated two opponents to win a slot on the team. Among the 13,000 spectators at the event were her partner and her partner's two children. When Lee realized that she had won the trial, she celebrated by doing a twisting flip. At a press conference after her victory, she casually thanked a number of people who had supported her, including "my wife."
Lee and McDonald met in Colorado Springs at the Finish Line Lounge near the United States Olympic headquarters and training center. They have lived together for four years. McDonald's children took part in the brief wedding ceremony in a church in Cedar Rapids.
Lee, who will be among a small number of openly gay Olympians competing in London, has made no secret of her sexuality. She came out to her family in high school. Her parents were not surprised and were supportive.
Although the twenty-seven-year-old athlete is aware that her frankness makes her a pioneer of sorts, she disavows any desire to be a role model or to represent all lesbian athletes.
"I'm not trying to be a spokesperson for lesbians as an athlete," Lee said. "I'm just being me. Whatever comes of it is fine."
However, as Jim Buzinski notes in outsports.com, "By just being herself, Lee is a role model since that's all we can ask of anyone."
If she wins a medal in London, she is likely to gain a great deal of media attention. For now, however, she is content with a wedding ring.
"I wear a ring, and I have been wearing a ring," Lee said before Monday's ceremony. "I know I want to be with [McDonald] the rest of my life. This is a validation of that."